Cancer incidence for all cancers combined

Cases

New cases of cancer, 2015, UK

 

Higher in men

Incidence rate is higher in males than in females, 2015, UK

 

Trend over time

Cancer incidence rates have increased by 13% since the early 1990s, UK

51% of cancer cases in the UK are in males, and 49% are in females.[1-4]

All cancers combined incidence rates (European age-standardised (AS) rates Open a glossary item ) for persons are significantly higher than the UK average in Scotland and Wales, and similar to the UK average in all other UK constituent countries.

All Cancers Excluding Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (C00-C97 Excl. C44), Number of New Cases, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2015

  England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland UK
Male Cases 153,061 15,335 9,837 4,650 182,883
Crude Rate 566.3 587.4 644.8 511.5 570.2
AS Rate 667.4 669.1 684.3 660.5 668.3
AS Rate - 95% LCI 664.1 658.5 670.8 641.5 665.2
AS Rate - 95% UCI 670.8 679.7 697.8 679.4 671.3
Female Cases 146,862 16,358 9,251 4,606 177,077
Crude Rate 529.1 592.1 587.9 488.7 536.0
AS Rate 542.8 581.7 554.1 537.5 546.6
AS Rate - 95% LCI 540.0 572.8 542.8 522.0 544.1
AS Rate - 95% UCI 545.6 590.6 565.3 553.0 549.2
Persons Cases 299,923 31,693 19,088 9,256 359,960
Crude Rate 547.4 589.9 615.9 499.9 552.8
AS Rate 595.8 616.5 609.3 588.1 598.1
AS Rate - 95% LCI 593.7 609.7 600.7 576.1 596.1
AS Rate - 95% UCI 598.0 623.3 618.0 600.1 600.0

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item  around the AS Rate Open a glossary item

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, August 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2015, C00-C97 Excl. C44.

The ICD codes for all cancers combined are ICD-10 C00-C97 excluding C44 which includes all malignant neoplasms excluding non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC). NMSC is often excluded from cancer incidence statistics because it is extremely common and registration is known to be incomplete.

Last reviewed:

All cancers combined European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item incidence rates for males and females combined increased by 13% in the UK between 1993-1995 and 2013-2015.[1-4] The increase was larger in females than in males.

For males, all cancers combined AS incidence rates in the UK increased by 3% between 1993-1995 and 2013-2015. For females, all cancers combined AS incidence rates in the UK increased by 16% between 1993-1995 and 2013-2015.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2003-2005 and 2013-2015), all cancers combined AS incidence rates for males and females combined increased by 7%.[1-4] In males AS incidence rates increased by 3%, and in females rates increased by 9%.

All Cancers Excluding Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (C00-97 Excl C44), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, UK, 1993-2015

For most cancer types, incidence trends largely reflect changing prevalence of risk factors and improvements in diagnosis and data recording. Recent incidence trends are influenced by risk factor prevalence in years past, and trends by age group reflect risk factor exposure in birth cohorts.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, August 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 1993-2015, ICD-10 C00-97 Excl C44.

Last reviewed:

Overall incidence by stage

A moderate proportion (72-76%) of all cancer cases in England and Northern Ireland have a stage at diagnosis recorded.[1,2]

More cancer patients with a known stage are diagnosed at an early stage (54-55% are diagnosed at stage I or II), than a late stage (45-46% are diagnosed at stage III or IV). Between 25% and 27% of patients have metastases at diagnosis (stage IV).[1,2]

The proportion of cancers diagnosed at each stage varies by cancer type. The stage distribution for each cancer type will reflect many factors including how the cancer type develops, the way symptoms appear, public awareness of symptoms, how quickly a person goes to see their doctor and how quickly the cancer is recognised and diagnosed by a doctor. It might also relate to whether a national screening programme that can detect early stage disease exists for that cancer type, along with the extent of uptake of that programme.

A cancer type associated with a large proportion of early stage diagnoses could be one that is more likely to be symptomatic at an earlier stage of development, with recognisable symptoms rather than more generic ones.

All Cancers Combined (C00-C97 excl. C44), Proportion of Cases Diagnosed at Each Stage, All Ages, England 2014 and Northern Ireland 2010-2014

Data should not be compared between countries due to differences in time periods and possible differences in recording of stage at diagnosis.

References

  1. National Cancer Intelligence Network. Stage Breakdown by CCG 2014. London: NCIN; 2016.
  2. Northern Ireland Cancer Registry, Queens University Belfast, Incidence by stage 2010-2014. Belfast: NICR; 2016

About this data

Data is for: England 2014, Northern Ireland 2010-2014, ICD-10 C00-C97, excl. C44

Data is not comparable between countries due to differences in time periods and possible differences in how countries record stage at diagnosis.

Last reviewed:

All cancers combined incidence rates are projected to rise by 2% in the UK between 2014 and 2035, to 742 cases per 100,000 people by 2035.[1] This includes a smaller increase for males than for females.

For males, all cancers combined European age standardised (AS) Open a glossary item incidence rates in the UK are projected to rise by less than 1% between 2014 and 2035, to 813 cases per 100,000 by 2035.[1] For females, rates are projected to rise by 3% between 2014 and 2035, to 685 cases per 100,000 by 2035.[1]

All Cancers (Excluding Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer, and Including Benign and Uncertain or Unknown Behaviour Brain, other Central Nervous System and Intracranial Tumours: ICD-10 C00-C97 excluding C44 plus D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5), Observed and Projected Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, by Sex, UK, 1979-2035

 

It is projected that 513,951 cases of all cancers combined (270,261 in males, 243,670 in females) will be diagnosed in the UK in 2035.

References

  1. Smittenaar CR, Petersen KA, Stewart K, Moitt N. Cancer Incidence and Mortality Projections in the UK Until 2035. Brit J Cancer 2016.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 1979-2014 (observed), 2015-2035 (projected). ICD-10 codes all cancers combined C00-C97 excluding C44, plus D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5.

Projections are based on observed incidence and mortality rates and therefore implicitly include changes in cancer risk factors, diagnosis and treatment. The definition of 'all cancer types/sites combined' used here differs from that typically used in incidence statistics on this website: benign and uncertain or unknown behaviour brain, other central nervous system and intracranial tumours (D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5) are included here. It is not possible to assess the statistical significance of changes between 2014 (observed) and 2035 (projected) figures. Confidence intervals are not calculated for the projected figures. Projections are by their nature uncertain because unexpected events in future could change the trend. It is not sensible to calculate a boundary of uncertainty around these already uncertain point estimates. Changes are described as 'increase' or 'decrease' if there is any difference between the point estimates.

More on projections methodology

Last reviewed:

An estimated 2,273,200 people who had previously been diagnosed with cancer were alive in the UK at the end of 2013.[1]

Among specific cancer types, female breast cancer has the highest prevalence, because it has high incidence and survival.

References

  1. Macmillan Cancer Support and National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service. UK complete cancer prevalence for 2013 workbook. London: NCRAS; 2016.

About this data

Data is for: All UK patients who had been diagnosed with cancer at any time before 31st December 2013, ICD-10 C00-C97 excluding C44

Last reviewed:

The UK incidence rate for all cancers combined (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer) is ranked higher than two-thirds of Europe (rank 11 of 40).[1]

All Cancers Excluding Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (C00-C97 Excl. C44), Number of New Cases, World Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK compared to Europe, 2018

The four most common types of cancer in the UK are the same as for Europe.[1]

References

  1. International Agency for Research on Cancer, GLOBOCAN 2018 accessed via Global Cancer Observatory. Accessed September 2018.

About this data

Data is for: worldwide, 2018.

Some common cancers are defined using slightly different ICD codes in this section than used for the UK data.

See the full details of data and methods

Last reviewed:

The UK incidence rate for all cancers combined (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer) is ranked higher than 90% of the world (rank 16 of 185).[1]

All Cancers Excluding Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (C00-C97 Excl. C44), Number of New Cases, World Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK compared to Worldwide, 2018

The four most common types of cancer in the UK are the same as those worldwide.[1]

References

  1. International Agency for Research on Cancer, GLOBOCAN 2018 accessed via Global Cancer Observatory. Accessed September 2018.

About this data

Data is for: worldwide, 2018.

Some common cancers are defined using slightly different ICD codes in this section than used for the UK data.

See the full details of data and methods.

Last reviewed:

Local Cancer Statistics

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See information and explanations on terminology used for statistics and reporting of cancer, and the methods used to calculate some of our statistics.

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