Cancer incidence for all cancers combined

Cases

New cases of cancer each year, 2016-2018 average, UK.

 

Higher in men

Incidence rate is higher in males than in females, 2016-2018 , UK.

 

Trend over time

Change in cancer incidence rates since the early 1990s, UK

 

49% of cancer cases in the UK are in females, and 51% are in males. [1-4]

All cancers combined incidence rates (European age-standardised (AS) rate Open a glossary item) for persons are significantly higher than the UK average in Scotland, significantly lower than the UK average in England, and similar to the UK average in all other UK constituent countries.

All Cancers Excluding Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (C00-C97 Excl. C44), Number of New Cases Per Year, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2016-2018

  England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland UK
Female Cases 151,396 16,842 9,276 4,925 182,438
Crude Rate 538.0 605.0 585.2 517.8 545.3
AS Rate 545.8 586.6 545.5 558.3 549.7
AS Rate - 95% LCL 544.2 581.5 539.1 549.3 548.2
AS Rate - 95% UCL 547.4 591.7 551.9 567.3 551.1
Male Cases 161,431 16,338 10,310 4,882 192,961
Crude Rate 587.4 619.1 669.3 530.3 592.2
AS Rate 677.0 688.2 691.4 665.6 678.4
AS Rate - 95% LCL 675.1 682.1 683.6 654.8 676.7
AS Rate - 95% UCL 678.9 694.3 699.1 676.3 680.2
Persons Cases 312,827 33,180 19,586 9,807 375,400
Crude Rate 562.4 611.9 626.6 524.0 568.4
AS Rate 602.4 627.9 609.7 602.0 605.0
AS Rate - 95% LCL 601.2 624.0 604.8 595.1 603.9
AS Rate - 95% UCL 603.7 631.8 614.7 608.9 606.1

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits around the AS Rate Open a glossary item
 

References

  1. Data were provided by the National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service (part of Public Health England), on request through the Office for Data Release, July 2021. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, April 2020. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were published by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales https://phw.nhs.wales/services-and-teams/welsh-cancer-intelligence-and-surveillance-unit-wcisu/cancer-incidence-in-wales-2002-2018/, March 2021.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, May 2020. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2016-2018, ICD-10 C00-C97 Excl. C44.

The ICD codes for all cancers combined are ICD-10 C00-C97 excluding C44 which includes all malignant neoplasms excluding non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC). NMSC is often excluded from cancer incidence statistics because it is extremely common and registration is known to be incomplete.

Last reviewed:

All cancers combined European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item incidence rates for males and females combined increased by 12% in the UK between 1993-1995 and 2016-2018. [1-4] The increase was larger in females than in males.

For females, all cancers combined AS incidence rates in the UK increased by 16% between 1993-1995 and 2016-2018. For males, all cancers combined AS incidence rates in the UK increased by 3% between 1993-1995 and 2016-2018.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2006-2008 and 2016-2018), all cancers combined AS incidence rates for females and males combined increased by 4%.[1-4] In females AS incidence rates increased by 5%, and in males, rates remained stable.

All Cancers Excluding Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (ICD-10 C00-97 Excl C44), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, UK, 1993-2018

For most cancer types, incidence trends largely reflect changing prevalence of risk factors and improvements in diagnosis and data recording. Recent incidence trends are influenced by risk factor prevalence in years past, and trends by age group reflect risk factor exposure in birth cohorts.

References

  1. Data were provided by the National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service (part of Public Health England), on request through the Office for Data Release, July 2021. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, April 2020. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were published by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales https://phw.nhs.wales/services-and-teams/welsh-cancer-intelligence-and-surveillance-unit-wcisu/cancer-incidence-in-wales-2002-2018/, March 2021.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, May 2020. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 1993-2018, ICD-10 C00-97 Excl C44.

Last reviewed:

All cancers combined incidence rates are projected to rise by 2% in the UK between 2014 and 2035, to 742 cases per 100,000 people by 2035.[1] This includes a smaller increase for males than for females.

For males, all cancers combined European age standardised (AS) Open a glossary item incidence rates in the UK are projected to rise by less than 1% between 2014 and 2035, to 813 cases per 100,000 by 2035.[1] For females, rates are projected to rise by 3% between 2014 and 2035, to 685 cases per 100,000 by 2035.[1]

All Cancers (Excluding Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer, and Including Benign and Uncertain or Unknown Behaviour Brain, other Central Nervous System and Intracranial Tumours: ICD-10 C00-C97 excluding C44 plus D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5), Observed and Projected Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, by Sex, UK, 1979-2035

 

It is projected that 513,951 cases of all cancers combined (270,261 in males, 243,670 in females) will be diagnosed in the UK in 2035.

References

  1. Smittenaar CR, Petersen KA, Stewart K, Moitt N. Cancer Incidence and Mortality Projections in the UK Until 2035. Brit J Cancer 2016.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 1979-2014 (observed), 2015-2035 (projected). ICD-10 codes all cancers combined C00-C97 excluding C44, plus D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5.

Projections are based on observed incidence and mortality rates and therefore implicitly include changes in cancer risk factors, diagnosis and treatment. The definition of 'all cancer types/sites combined' used here differs from that typically used in incidence statistics on this website: benign and uncertain or unknown behaviour brain, other central nervous system and intracranial tumours (D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5) are included here. It is not possible to assess the statistical significance of changes between 2014 (observed) and 2035 (projected) figures. Confidence intervals are not calculated for the projected figures. Projections are by their nature uncertain because unexpected events in future could change the trend. It is not sensible to calculate a boundary of uncertainty around these already uncertain point estimates. Changes are described as 'increase' or 'decrease' if there is any difference between the point estimates.

More on projections methodology

Last reviewed:

All cancers combined incidence rates (European age-standardised (AS) rates Open a glossary item) in England in females are 16% higher in the most deprived quintile compared with the least, and in males are 19% higher in the most deprived quintile compared with the least (2013-2017).[1]

It is estimated that there are around 16,800 more cases of all cancers combined each year in England than there would be if every deprivation quintile had the same age-specific crude incidence rates as the least deprived quintile. Around 7,100 of these cases are in females, and around 9,800 in males.

In the UK, it is estimated that there are around 21,900 more cases of all cancers combined each year than there would be if every deprivation quintile had the same incidence rates as the least deprived quintile.[1,2,3,4]

In the text above, males and females’ excess cases do not sum to persons excess cases due to rounding
 

All Cancers Excluding Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (C00-C97 Excl. C44), Estimated Average Number of Excess Cases per Year and European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2013-2017

References

  1. Calculated by the Cancer Intelligence Team at Cancer Research UK, April 2020. Based on method reported in National Cancer Intelligence Network Cancer by Deprivation in England Incidence, 1996-2010 Mortality, 1997-2011. Using cancer incidence data 2013-2017 (Public Health England) and population data 2013-2017 (Office for National Statistics) by Indices of Multiple Deprivation 2015 income domain quintile, cancer type, sex, and five-year age band.
  2. Information Services Division Scotland. Cancer Statistics. Available from: https://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Cancer-Statistics/
  3. Welsh Cancer Intelligence Surveillance Unit: Cancer Incidence in Wales, 2001-2017. Available from: https://phw.nhs.wales/services-and-teams/welsh-cancer-intelligence-and-surveillance-unit-wcisu/
  4. Northern Ireland Cancer Registry. Cancer Information. Available from: https://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/CancerInformation/official-statistics/ 

About this data

Data is for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland 2013-2017, ICD-10 C00-C97 Excl. C44.

Excess cases were calculated as the sum of cases observed, minus the sum of cases expected if every deprivation quintile had the same incidence rates (age-specific crude rates for England, age-standardised rates all ages combined for Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland) as the least deprived quintile.

Last reviewed:

An estimated 2,273,200 people who had previously been diagnosed with cancer were alive in the UK at the end of 2013.[1]

Among specific cancer types, female breast cancer has the highest prevalence, because it has high incidence and survival.

References

  1. Macmillan Cancer Support and National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service. UK complete cancer prevalence for 2013 workbook. London: NCRAS; 2016.

About this data

Data is for: All UK patients who had been diagnosed with cancer at any time before 31st December 2013, ICD-10 C00-C97 excluding C44

Last reviewed:

The UK incidence rate for all cancers combined (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer) is ranked higher than two-thirds of Europe (rank 11 of 40).[1]

All Cancers Excluding Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (C00-C97 Excl. C44), Number of New Cases, World Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK compared to Europe, 2018

All Cancers Excluding Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer Number of New Cases, World Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK compared to Europe, 2018

The four most common types of cancer in the UK are the same as for Europe.[1]

References

  1. International Agency for Research on Cancer, GLOBOCAN 2018 accessed via Global Cancer Observatory. Accessed September 2018.

About this data

Data is for: worldwide, 2018.

Some common cancers are defined using slightly different ICD codes in this section than used for the UK data.

See the full details of data and methods

Last reviewed:

The UK incidence rate for all cancers combined (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer) is ranked higher than 90% of the world (rank 16 of 185).[1]

All Cancers Excluding Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (C00-C97 Excl. C44), Number of New Cases, World Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK compared to Worldwide, 2018

All Cancers Excluding Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer Number of New Cases, World Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK compared to Worldwide, 2018

The four most common types of cancer in the UK are the same as those worldwide.[1]

References

  1. International Agency for Research on Cancer, GLOBOCAN 2018 accessed via Global Cancer Observatory. Accessed September 2018.

About this data

Data is for: worldwide, 2018.

Some common cancers are defined using slightly different ICD codes in this section than used for the UK data.

See the full details of data and methods.

Last reviewed:

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