Causes of cancer and reducing your risk
Can cancer be prevented?
Around 4 in 10 UK cancer cases could be prevented.
Smoking and tobacco
If you smoke, stopping is the best thing you can do for your health and to reduce your cancer risk.
Obesity and weight
Keeping a healthy weight reduces the risk of 13 different types of cancer.
Sun and UV
Staying safe in the sun and avoiding sunbeds reduces the risk of melanoma skin cancer.
Diet and healthy eating
Eating a healthy balanced diet can help reduce your risk of cancer.
Being more active can help us keep a healthy weight and reduce the risk of cancer.
HPV and infections
You can’t catch cancer, but some infections such as HPV can increase your risk.
Changes in our hormone levels can affect the risk of cancer.
Air pollution and radon gas
Air pollution and radon gas are causes of lung cancer, but in the UK the risk is fairly low.
Hoaxes, myths and unanswered questions about cancer.
Inherited cancer genes
Workplace cancer risks
Some jobs can affect people’s risk of cancer.
Age and cancer
Although cancer can occur at any stage of life, it is much more common as we age.