Bowel cancer mortality statistics

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Deaths

Deaths from bowel cancer, 2016-2018, UK.

Percentage of all deaths

Percentage bowel cancer contributes to total cancer deaths, 2016-2018, UK

Age

Peak mortality rate for bone sarcoma, 2016-2018, UK

 

Trend over time

Change in bowel cancer mortality rates since the early 1970s, UK

Bowel cancer is the 2nd most common cause of cancer death in the UK, accounting for 10% of all cancer deaths (2018).[1-3]

In females in the UK, bowel cancer is the 3rd most common cause of cancer death (10% of all female cancer deaths). In males in the UK, it is the 3rd most common cause of cancer death (10% of all male cancer deaths).

45% of bowel cancer deaths in the UK are in females, and 55% are in males (2018).

Bowel cancer mortality rates (European age-standardised Open a glossary itemAS Rate Open a glossary item) for persons are significantly higher than the UK average in Northern Ireland and Scotland, and similar to the UK average in all other UK constituent countries.

For bowel cancer, there are mortality differences between countries despite there being no such differences in incidence.

Bowel Cancer (C18-C20), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK

  England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland UK
Female Deaths 6,171 802 412 181 7,566
Crude Rate 21.8 28.8 25.9 18.9 22.5
AS Rate 20.8 27.1 22.4 19.9 21.4
AS Rate - 95% LCL 20.3 25.2 20.3 17.0 20.9
AS Rate - 95% UCL 21.3 28.9 24.6 22.8 21.9
Male Deaths 7,394 941 513 245 9,093
Crude Rate 26.7 35.5 33.2 26.5 27.7
AS Rate 31.8 41.4 35.2 35.6 32.8
AS Rate - 95% LCL 31.1 38.7 32.1 31.2 32.2
AS Rate - 95% UCL 32.5 44.0 38.2 40.1 33.5
Persons Deaths 13,565 1,743 925 426 16,659
Crude Rate 24.2 32.1 29.5 22.6 25.1
AS Rate 25.7 33.2 28.2 26.7 26.5
AS Rate - 95% LCL 25.2 31.7 26.4 24.2 26.1
AS Rate - 95% UCL 26.1 34.8 30.0 29.2 26.9

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item  around the AS rates
 

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, June 2020. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2018, C18-C20.

Last reviewed:

Bowel cancer mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older people. In the UK in 2016-2018, on average each year almost 6 in 10 deaths (58%) were in people aged 75 and over.[1-3] This largely reflects higher incidence and lower survival for bowel cancer in older people.

Age-specific mortality rates rise steeply from around age 50-54. The highest rates are in the 90+ age group for females and males. Mortality rates are significantly lower in females than males in a number of (mainly older) age groups. The gap is widest at age 60 to 64,when the age-specific mortality rate is 1.7 times lower in females than in males.

Bowel Cancer (C18-C20), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2016-2018

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, June 2020. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2016-2018, ICD-10 C18-C20.

Last reviewed:

Bowel cancer European age-standardised Open a glossary item (AS) mortality rates for females and males combined decreased by 44% in the UK between 1971-1973 and 2016-2018.[1-3] The decrease was larger in females than in males.

For females, bowel cancer AS mortality rates in the UK decreased by 50% between 1971-1973 and 2016-2018. For males, bowel cancer AS mortality rates in the UK decreased by 41% between 1971-1973 and 2016-2018.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2006-2008 and 2016-2018), bowel cancer AS mortality rates for females and males combined decreased by 12%. In females AS mortality rates decreased by 11%, and in males rates decreased by 14%.

Bowel Cancer (C18-C20), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 1971-2018

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends. For example, rising mortality may reflect rising incidence and stable survival, while falling mortality may reflect rising incidence and rising survival.

Bowel cancer mortality rates have decreased overall in all broad adult age groups in females and males combined in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] Rates in 25-49s have decreased by 45%, in 50-59s have decreased by 52%, in 60-74s have decreased by 52%, in 75-79s have decreased by 48% and in 80+s have decreased by 32%.

Bowel Cancer (C18-C20), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, By Age, UK, 1971-2018

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, June 2020. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 1971-2018, C18-C20.

Last reviewed:

Bowel cancer mortality rates are projected to fall by 23% in the UK between 2014 and 2035, to 25 deaths per 100,000 people by 2035.[1] This includes a larger decrease for males than for females.

For males, bowel cancer European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item mortality rates in the UK are projected to fall by 29% between 2014 and 2035, to 29 deaths per 100,000 by 2035.[1] For females, rates are projected to fall by 19% between 2014 and 2035, to 21 deaths per 100,000 by 2035.[1]

Bowel cancer (C18-C20), Observed and Projected Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Sex, UK, 1979-2035

It is projected that 19,247 deaths from bowel cancer (10,270 in males, 8,977 in females) will occur in the UK in 2035.

References

  1. Smittenaar CR, Petersen KA, Stewart K, Moitt N. Cancer Incidence and Mortality Projections in the UK Until 2035. Brit J Cancer 2016.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 1979-2014 (observed), 2015-2035 (projected), ICD-10 C18-C20

Projections are based on observed incidence and mortality rates and therefore implicitly include changes in cancer risk factors, diagnosis and treatment. It is not possible to assess the statistical significance of changes between 2014 (observed) and 2035 (projected) figures. Confidence intervals are not calculated for the projected figures. Projections are by their nature uncertain because unexpected events in future could change the trend. It is not sensible to calculate a boundary of uncertainty around these already uncertain point estimates. Changes are described as 'increase' or 'decrease' if there is any difference between the point estimates.

More on projections methodology

Last reviewed:

There is evidence for an association between bowel cancer mortality and deprivation for males and females in England (although the association is small for females).[1] England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates are 30% higher for males living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived, and 15% higher for females.[1]

Bowel Cancer (C18-C20), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in bowel cancer mortality for males and females living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011. It has been estimated that there would have been around 860 fewer bowel cancer deaths each year in England during 2007-2011 if all people experienced the same mortality rates as the least deprived.[1]

References

  1. Cancer Research UK and National Cancer Intelligence Network. Cancer by deprivation  in England: Incidence, 1996-2010, Mortality, 1997-2011. London: NCIN; 2014.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 2007-2011, ICD-10 C18-C20

Deprivation gradient statistics were calculated using mortality data for 2007-2011. The deprivation quintiles were calculated using the Income domain scores from the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) from the following years: 2004, 2007 and 2010. Full details on the data and methodology can be found in the Cancer by Deprivation in England NCIN report.

Last reviewed:

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