Last year in the UK over 60,000 cancer patients enrolled on clinical trials aimed at improving cancer treatments and making them available to all.
A trial of avelumab for advanced Hodgkin lymphoma (AVENUE)
Please note - this trial is no longer recruiting patients. We hope to add results when they are available.
This trial is looking at having avelumab before standard chemotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma.
It is for people:
- recently diagnosed with advanced Hodgkin Lymphoma
- who haven’t had treatment yet
Advanced Hodgkin Lymphoma is stage 2 lymphoma with symptoms such as night sweats. Or lymphoma that is more widespread (stage 3 or stage 4).
More about this trial
Chemotherapy is the usual first treatment for people with advanced Hodgkin lymphoma. Combinations of chemotherapy you might have include:
This treatment works for some people. But sometimes the lymphoma comes back. So researchers are looking for ways to improve it.
So far, avelumab has only been used in people with Hodgkin lymphoma that has come back after earlier treatment.
Doctors now wonder if having avelumab before chemotherapy as a first treatment might work better. But they aren’t sure. So they are running this trial to find out more.
The main aims of the trial are to:
- find out if having avelumab before chemotherapy improves the outcome of treatment
- learn more about the side effects
Who can enter
The following bullet points list the entry conditions for this trial. Talk to your doctor or the trial team if you are unsure about any of these. They will be able to advise you.
Who can take part
You may be able to join this trial if all of the following apply.
- have a type of Hodgkin lymphoma called classical type and you haven’t had treatment yet
- have advanced Hodgkin lymphoma (stage 2B, stage 3 or stage 4 lymphoma)
- have a tumour sample (
biopsy) available for the trial team to do some tests on
- have satisfactory blood test results
- are well enough to carry out all your normal activities, apart from heavy physical work (performance status of 0 or 1)
- are willing to use reliable contraception for 12 months after the last treatment if there is any chance you or your partner could become pregnant
- are between 16 and 60 years old
Who can’t take part
You cannot join this trial if any of these apply.
- have a type of Hodgkin lymphoma called nodular lymphocyte Hodgkin lymphoma
- need urgent treatment for Hodgkin Lymphoma
- have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 15 days before joining the trial (you may take steroids but it must be possible to reduce the dose to 10mg a day for at least 7 days before having avelumab)
- have had another cancer in the last 3 years apart from
basal cell skin cancer, squamous cell skin cancer, thyroidcancer, CISof the cervix or breast, stable prostate cancer or cancer that can be successfully treated with surgery
- have had blood cancer in the past
- aren’t suitable to have combinations of chemotherapy that include ABVD, AVD and BEACOPP
- have symptoms such as breathing problems caused by the Hodgkin lymphoma
- have an
autoimmune conditionapart from pale white patches on the skin (vitiligo), type 1 diabetes mellitus, thyroid problems or coeliac disease that doesn’t need treatment with a drug that damps down the immune system
- have had treatment in the last 2 months that damp down the immune system apart from creams, nose sprays or low dose steroids
- have had an
organ transplantor a stem cell transplant with somebody else’s cells ( allogeneic transplant) in the past
- have inflammation of the lung caused by past treatment (pneumonitis) or inflammation of the gut (colitis or inflammatory bowel disease)
- have moderate to severe side effects from past treatment apart from hair loss or numbness in the hands or feet
- have had major surgery in the 4 weeks before joining the trial
- have an active infection that needs treatment
- have had a heart attack, angina that isn’t well controlled with medication, a heart bypass operation, a stroke or mini stroke (TIA) in the past 6 months
- are having any other medication that might interfere with having chemotherapy and avelumab
- have hepatitis B or hepatitis C
- have HIV
- have any other medical condition or mental health problem that the trial team think would affect you taking part
- are allergic to
- have had a
live vaccinationin the 30 days before starting trial treatment
- are pregnant or breastfeeding
This is a phase 2 trial. You have avelumab followed by standard chemotherapy. Treatment takes up to 8 months in total.
You have avelumab as a drip into a vein. You have
- day 1
- day 15
This takes about 2 months. You then have a
This includes the following combinations:
ABVD includes the drugs:
- doxorubicin (Adriamycin)
Everyone has ABVD to begin with. You have it as a drip into a vein. Each 4 week period is a cycle of treatment. You have 2 cycles of ABVD. This takes about 2 months.
You then have a PET-CT scan to see how treatment worked. If treatment works (a negative scan) you stop bleomycin and have AVD.
If treatment doesn’t work (a positive scan) you have a combination of chemotherapy called BEACOPP.
AVD (a negative scan)
If ABVD treatment works you have a combination of chemotherapy called AVD. This includes the drugs doxorubicin, vinblastine and dacarbazine. You have 4 cycles of treatment. This takes about 4 months.
You then have a CT scan.
BEACOPP (a positive scan)
If ABVD treatment doesn’t work you have a combination of chemotherapy called BEACOPP. This is more intensive chemotherapy. There are 2 different schedules for having this. The schedule you have depends on where you are having treatment. The trial doctor can tell you more about this. Treatment takes between 8 and 9 weeks.
BEACOPP includes the drugs:
- doxorubicin (also called Adriamycin)
- vincristine (also called Oncovin)
- prednisolone (a steroid)
After BEACOPP you have a PET-CT scan. If treatment worked you have 1 or 2 more cycles of BEACOPP. If treatment didn’t work you won’t have any more treatment as part of this trial. Your doctor will talk to you about other treatment options.
Some people might have radiotherapy as part of their treatment. The doctor will tell you more about this if they think you need it.
Samples for research
The researchers ask for a sample of your lymphoma (a
- see how well treatment is working
- look at
genesto help understand more about Hodgkin Lymphoma
- look for
biomarkersto predict who will benefit from treatment
You do not have to agree to give some of these samples if you don’t want to. You can still take part in the trial. They researchers might ask to store any leftover samples for future research.
You see a doctor and have some tests before you join the trial. These include:
- physical examination
- blood tests
- urine test
heart traceor ECHO
- breathing tests (lung function tests)
- PET-CT scan
- CT scan
You have treatment at hospital on the day ward.
When you finish treatment you see the doctor for a check up and blood tests:
- every 3 months for up to 1 year
- once a year for a further 3 years
This follow up can vary a bit and depends on when you joined the trial.
The trial team monitor you during treatment and afterwards. Contact your advice line or tell your doctor or nurse if any side effects are bad or not getting better.
Avelumab can affect the immune system. It may cause inflammation in different parts of the body which can cause serious side effects. They could happen during treatment, or some months after treatment has finished. Rarely, these side effects could be life threatening.
If you have any of these side effects, you should tell the doctor or nurse as soon as possible. You should tell them that you are on or have been on an immunotherapy.
The most common side effects of avelumab are:
- diarrhoea or constipation
- stomach pain
- feeling or being sick
- loss of appetite
- high temperatures
- swelling in the body
- weight gain
- back and joint pain
- a drop in red blood cells (
anaemia )causing tiredness, dizziness and shortness of breath
You might have an allergic reaction to avelumab. This might happen during the infusion, causing a skin rash, itching, swelling of the lips, face or throat, breathing difficulties or fever and chills. Your nurse will keep a close eye on you and treat any problems immediately.
The most common side effects of ABVD, AVD and BEACOPP include:
- an increased risk of infection,
- an increased risk of bleeding and bruising
- lung problems (pneumonitis) with signs and symptoms that might include a new or worsening cough, shortness of breath and chest pain
- blood clots
- tingling, numbness or weakness of the hands or feet
We have more information about the side effects of:
How to join a clinical trial
Dr Graham Collins
University College London (UCL)
Cancer Research UK & UCL Cancer Trials Centre