Around 1 in 5 people diagnosed with cancer in the UK take part in a clinical trial.
A trial looking at AZD2014 for advanced kidney cancer (ZEBRA)
We know that this is an especially worrying time for people with cancer and their family and friends. We have separate information about coronavirus and cancer. Please read that information alongside this page. We will update that information as guidance changes.
More about this trial
Kidney cancer that has spread to another part of the body is called advanced kidney cancer. Doctors usually treat advanced kidney cancer with one of the following
All of these drugs are biological therapies. This treatment can help, but the cancer may come back. Doctors may then use another type of biological therapy called everolimus. Everolimus is a cancer growth blocker. It works by stopping signals that cancer cells use to divide and grow.
AZD2014 is also a cancer growth blocker. It blocks more signals than everolimus does and researchers thought that it may work better for advanced kidney cancer.
The aims of this trial were to
- Compare AZD2014 with everolimus to find out which works best
- Find out how safe AZD2014 is
Summary of results
The trial team found that AZD2014 did not work as well as everolimus and so recruitment into the trial was stopped early.
This was a phase 2 trial, 49 people took part.
The trial was randomised. This means the people taking part were put into 1 of 2 treatment groups by a computer. Neither they nor their doctor chose which group they were in.
- 26 people had AZD2014 tablets
- 23 people had everolimus tablets
The researchers looked at the time it took for the cancer to start growing again. On average it was
- Just under 2 months for people who had AZD2014
- Just over 4 ½ months for people who had everolimus
The researchers also looked at how long people lived for. They found that on average
- People having everolimus lived for just over 16 ½ months
- People having AZD2014 lived for just over 6 months
The most common side effects reported in both groups were
There were no significant differences between the groups in the type of side effects people had. But more people having everolimus rated their side effects as severe, compared to those having AZD2014.
The researchers concluded that people coped well with the side effects of either drug.
The researchers planned to recruit 120 patients. But the trial was stopped after 16 months. This was because the researchers found that AZD2014 was not as good a treatment as everolimus.
All patients stopped treatment as part of the trial. Future treatment was then discussed with people on an individual basis.
These findings support earlier trials that show everolimus is a useful drug for people with advanced clear cell kidney cancer.
We have based this summary on information from the research team. The information they sent us has been reviewed by independent specialists (
How to join a clinical trial
Professor Thomas Powles
Cancer Research UK
Experimental Cancer Medicine Centre (ECMC)
NIHR Clinical Research Network: Cancer
Queen Mary University of London
This is Cancer Research UK trial number CRUKE/11/037.