Around 1 in 5 people diagnosed with cancer in the UK take part in a clinical trial.
A trial of nintedanib for mesothelioma of the lung (NEMO; EORTC 08112)
Please note - this trial is no longer recruiting patients. We hope to add results when they are available.
This trial is looking at a drug called nintedanib after chemotherapy for pleural mesothelioma.
Mesothelioma is a type of cancer that can develop in the lining that covers the outer surface of the lungs. This is called pleural mesothelioma.
More about this trial
The usual treatment for pleural mesothelioma is chemotherapy. After chemotherapy you don’t have further treatment unless your cancer starts to grow again. Your doctor monitors your cancer to check this.
Researchers are looking for ways to improve treatment. They think that a drug called nintedanib might delay or stop the cancer coming back. But they aren’t sure so want to find out more.
Nintedanib is a type of targeted drug called a cancer growth blocker. It stops signals that cancer cells use to divide and grow.
In this trial some people have nintedanib. And some have a dummy drug (
The main aims of the trial are to:
- see if nintedanib delays or stops the mesothelioma coming back after chemotherapy
- learn more about the side effects
Who can enter
The following bullet points list the entry conditions for this trial. Talk to your doctor or the trial team if you are unsure about any of these. They will be able to advise you.
Who can take part
You may be able to join this trial if all of the following apply.
- have mesothelioma of the lung
- have cancer that either got better or stayed the same after the first treatment you had that included pemextred and a
- join the trial within 60 days of having your last treatment that included a platinum drug
- are well enough to be up and about for at least half the day (performance status 0, 1 or 2)
- have satisfactory blood test results
- are willing to use reliable contraception during treatment and for at least 3 months after treatment if there is any chance you or your partner could become pregnant
- are at least 18 years old
Who can’t take part
You cannot join this trial if any of these apply.
- have had cancer treatment including targeted drugs and chemotherapy apart from your first treatment that included a platinum drug
- have had surgery to remove the lung and pleura called an extra pleural pneumonectomy (you might be able to join if you had surgery to remove the covering of the lung (a pleurectomy)
- have cancer that has spread to your brain or the tissues surrounding your brain - you might be able to take part if you have cancer spread to your brain that has been successfully treated, has not got any worse in the last 4 weeks and you have been on a stable dose of steroids for at least a month
- have had a
targeted drugin the past such as bevacizumab or sorafenib
- have had radiotherapy in the last 3 weeks apart from radiotherapy to control symptoms (
- have had any other cancer in the last 5 years before starting the treatment in this trial
- have scans that show you have areas of gas within the lung or areas of dead tissue in or around the cancer
- have had treatment with an experimental drug within 4 weeks of starting treatment
- have a collection of fluid in the body and or fluid on the lung
- have a problem with the way your blood clots, bleeding, a genetic condition such as haemophilia or you are having treatment to thin the blood apart from low dose heparin or low dose aspirin
- have coughed up a lot of blood in the last 3 months (more than one teaspoon of fresh blood a day)
- have cancer that is in the very middle of your chest on a scan or one that involves major blood vessels
- have had a major injury or surgery within 10 days of being put into a treatment group and your wound hasn’t healed
- have surgery planned while you are taking part in the trial
- have a heart problem such as high blood pressure that isn’t controlled with medication, angina that isn’t well controlled with medication, a heart attack in the last 6 months, congestive heart failure, an abnormal heart rhythm, or excess fluid on the heart
- have lost more than 10% of your body weight in the last 6 weeks
- have an ulcer in your stomach or a skin ulcer
- have an active or chronic hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection
- have a serious infection that needs treatment with antibiotics
- can’t swallow capsules or you have a problem with your gut that affects how you absorb medication
- have any other medical condition or mental health problem that the trial team think could affect you taking part
- are allergic to nintedanib or anything it contains
- are allergic to soy or peanuts
- have a problem with drugs and alcohol that could affect you taking part in the trial
This a phase 2 trial. The researchers need 114 people to join.
It is a randomised trial. You are put into 1 of 2 groups by a computer. Neither you nor your doctor can choose which group you are in. And neither you nor your doctor will know which group you are in. This is called a double blind trial.
You have 1 of the following:
- a dummy drug (
You have treatment as long as it is working and side effects aren’t too bad. You stop treatment if it isn’t working. Your doctor will talk to you about other treatment options.
Samples for research
The researchers will ask for samples of your cancer (a
They plan to look at:
- gene changes (
- substances called
biomarkersto help work out why treatment might work for some people and not for others
Activities of daily living questionnaire
You fill out a questionnaire at set times during the trial and after finishing treatment. The questionnaire is for older people to find out how they cope with activities of daily living. For example it asks about your ability to use the telephone, shop and prepare meals.
You see a doctor and have some tests before you start treatment. The tests include
- a physical examination
- blood tests
- urine tests
- a heart trace (
ECG) MUGAor ECHO
- CT Scan or MRI scan
Every 4 weeks you have:
- a check up
- blood tests
- tests to check your breathing (lung function tests)
You have a CT scan or MRI scan every 2 months.
When you finish treatment you see the trial team every 3 months. Or they phone you to see how you are getting on.
The trial team monitor you during treatment and afterwards. Contact your advice line or tell your doctor or nurse if any side effects are bad or not getting better.
The most common side effects of nintedanib are:
- fever (high temperatures)
- loss of appetite
- feeling or being sick
- an increased risk of infection
- a serious infection of the blood called sepsis
- tummy pain
- nosebleeds or coughing up small amounts of blood
- sore mouth including sores or ulcers
- inflammation of the tissue that lines the
- changes in chemicals in your bloodstream that control important functions of our bodies (electrolyte imbalances)
- skin rash, dry skin and nail problems
- numbness, tingling, redness or soreness on the palms of your hands or soles of your feet (hand foot syndrome)
- a nerve problem causing numbness, pain and tingling in the hands and feet
- liver problems
How to join a clinical trial
Dr Sanjay Popat
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC)