Last year in the UK over 60,000 cancer patients enrolled on clinical trials aimed at improving cancer treatments and making them available to all.
A trial looking at lenvatinib for advanced kidney cancer
This trial looked at a biological therapy drug called lenvatinib for kidney cancer that had spread to another part of the body. It was for people whose first treatment had stopped working.
More about this trial
Kidney cancer that has spread is called advanced or metastatic kidney cancer. Having a
If this stops working, you might have another type of biological therapy called everolimus. This is called second line treatment.
Researchers wanted to improve second line treatment for advanced kidney cancer. In this trial, they looked at lenvatinib. It is a biological therapy that blocks blood vessel growth.
Researchers thought it might be a useful treatment on its own or alongside everolimus. But they wanted to find out more.
The aims of the trial were to:
- find out if lenvatinib is a useful treatment
- learn more about the side effects.
Summary of results
The trial team found that having lenvatinib alone or with everolimus worked better than having everolimus alone.
153 people took part. They were put into 1 of 3 groups at random.
- 52 had lenvatinib
- 51 had everolimus and lenvatinib
- 50 had everolimus
The researchers looked at the average length of time people lived without any signs of their cancer getting worse. This is called progression free survival. They found that on average, this was
- just over 7 months in the people who had lenvatinib
- just over 14 months in the people who had everolimus and lenvatinib
- about 5 1/2 months in the people who had everolimus
People who had everolimus alone had the fewest serious side effects. The most common was a drop in red blood cells (anaemia).
People who had lenvatinib alone or with everolimus had more problems with
- high blood pressure
The lenvatinib group also had more problems with protein in the urine. And the lenvatinib group had problems with tiredness (fatigue) and weakness.
The trial team concluded that having lenvatinib alone or with everolimus improved progression free survival.
We have based this summary on information from the research team. The information they sent us has been reviewed by independent specialists (
How to join a clinical trial
Dr James Larkin
Experimental Cancer Medicine Centre (ECMC)
NIHR Clinical Research Network: Cancer’