A trial looking at the MAGE-3 vaccine for advanced melanoma skin cancer (EORTC 16032-18031)

Cancer type:

Skin cancer




Phase 2

This trial was looking at the new MAGE-3 vaccine for advanced melanoma that cannot be removed with an operation.

Melanoma is a type of skin cancer. Doctors usually treat it with surgery and sometimes with biological therapy, radiotherapy or chemotherapy. The MAGE-3 vaccine is a new treatment that doctors think may be useful for melanoma that has continued to grow following treatment.

Immune system cells can seek out and kill cancer cells but they often don’t do this very well. Vaccines can help the immune system cells to recognise the cancer cells. The vaccine in this trial teaches immune cells to spot a protein called MAGE-3 found in cancers, particularly in malignant melanomas. To help the vaccine work, substances called ‘adjuvants’ are added to it. Two adjuvants called AS15 and AS02B were tested in this trial.

The aims of this trial were to find out

  • Whether the vaccine stimulates the immune system cells
  • Whether the vaccine slows down the growth of melanoma
  • Which adjuvant worked best
  • More about the side effects

Summary of results

The researchers found that that the MAGE-3 vaccine worked better with the AS15 adjuvant than with AS02B.

The trial recruited 75 people who had stage 3 or 4 melanoma with the MAGE-3 protein.

Half the people had the MAGE-3 vaccine with AS15 and half had the vaccine with AS02B. Side effects, such as a skin reaction at the injection site, were similar with both adjuvants.

There were more immune responses Open a glossary item in people who had the vaccine with AS15 than in people who had it with AS02B.

The melanoma didn’t get any worse (stable disease Open a glossary item) for at least 4 months in 6 people who had the vaccine with AS15, and in 5 people who had it with AS02B.

When the researchers presented their results at a large cancer conference in 2008, they said the MAGE-3 vaccine with the AS15 adjuvant should be studied more.

We have based this summary on information from the team who ran the trial. The information they sent us has been reviewed by independent specialists (peer reviewed Open a glossary item) but may not have been published in a medical journal. The figures we quote above were provided by the trial team. We have not analysed the data ourselves.

Recruitment start:

Recruitment end:

How to join a clinical trial

Please note: In order to join a trial you will need to discuss it with your doctor, unless otherwise specified.

Please note - unless we state otherwise in the summary, you need to talk to your doctor about joining a trial.

Chief Investigator

Dr Paul Lorigan

Supported by

European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC)
NIHR Clinical Research Network: Cancer

If you have questions about the trial please contact our cancer information nurses

Freephone 0808 800 4040

Last review date

CRUK internal database number:

Oracle 666

Please note - unless we state otherwise in the summary, you need to talk to your doctor about joining a trial.

Over 60,000 cancer patients enrolled on clinical trials in the UK last year.

Last reviewed:

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