A trial looking at the follow up care after treatment for cancer of the cervix, womb, ovary and vulva (TOPCAT-G)

Cancer type:

Cervical cancer
Ovarian cancer
Vulval cancer
Womb (uterine or endometrial) cancer





This trial compared two different types of follow up care for people who’d had treatment for a gynaecological cancer. This includes:

  • cervical cancer
  • womb (endometrial) cancer
  • ovarian cancer
  • vulval cancer

More about this trial

When this trial was done, people with gynaecological cancers often had hospital appointments for a number of years after they’d finished treatment. This is so the doctors could find out about any side effects they were having, and check for possible signs of the cancer coming back.

Researchers hope that a nurse led approach, which includes telephone support, could be helpful for people after treatment instead. 

Half of the people in this trial had doctor led hospital appointments as usual. And half had nurse led follow up care.

The aims of this trial were to find out:

  • if it is possible to recruit people to this type of study
  • what people think of these different types of follow up
  • whether it is possible to collect reliable information about the people taking part

Summary of results

The research team concluded that patients found nurse led follow up acceptable. And that it should be possible to run a larger trial looking at it in more detail.

This trial was open for people to join between 2015 and 2016, and the team published the results in 2018.

About this trial
The people taking part were put into 1 of 2 groups at random:

  • Group 1 had follow up as usual with their doctor at the hospital
  • Group 2 had follow up with specialist nurses over the phone

Everyone saw a doctor about 3 months after they finished treatment. This was when they could decide whether take part in the trial or not. They then either:

  • saw a doctor at the hospital at about 6 months and 9 months
  • spoke to a nurse on the phone at about 4 months and 9 months

They also filled out some quality of life questionnaires before they started the follow up programme and just before each appointment or phone call.

When they reached a year after treatment, they continued to have the usual follow up for their type of cancer.

The research team looked at how happy people were with their follow up, how it had affected their quality of life, and how much it cost.

The research team explained the trial to 44 people, and asked them if they’d like to take part. 

Some people didn’t want to take part because they preferred to see a doctor, and didn’t want to be put into a follow up group at random. But more than half (55%) said they would like to take part. The team felt that overall this meant people found the idea of nurse led follow up appointments acceptable.

24 people were put into 1 of 2 groups at random:

  • 12 people had usual follow up with a doctor
  • 12 people had nurse led follow up

Everyone taking part in this trial had been diagnosed with a gynaecological cancer:

  • 17 people had womb (endometrial or uterine) cancer
  • 5 people had ovarian cancer
  • 2 people had cervical cancer

    They had already had an operation to remove the cancer. And about half had also had either radiotherapy or chemotherapy.

    No one had treatment for vulval cancer at the hospitals taking part during the time the trial was open for people to join (the recruitment period).

    Quality of life
    The research team analysed the quality of life questionnaires and found that there wasn’t much difference between the two groups. 

    The people who had nurse led follow up had a slightly larger increase in quality of life. But the difference wasn’t big enough to say for sure that it was because of the type of follow up.

    Cost of follow up
    The research team also looked at how much the different types of follow up cost.

    They found that overall the cost of nurse led follow up was slightly less. But again it wasn’t a big enough difference to be sure that it was because of the type of follow up. 

    The research team concluded that nurse led follow up was acceptable to patients. And that it may cost less and improve quality of life. They feel it would be possible to run a larger trial to look at nurse led follow up in more detail.

    Where this information comes from    
    We have based this summary on information from the research team. The information they sent us has been reviewed by independent specialists (peer reviewed) and published in a medical journal. The figures we quote above were provided by the trial team who did the research. We have not analysed the data ourselves.

Recruitment start:

Recruitment end:

How to join a clinical trial

Please note: In order to join a trial you will need to discuss it with your doctor, unless otherwise specified.

Please note - unless we state otherwise in the summary, you need to talk to your doctor about joining a trial.

Chief Investigator

Mr Simon Leeson

Supported by

Betsi Cadwaladr University Health Board

Freephone 0808 800 4040

Last review date

CRUK internal database number:


Please note - unless we state otherwise in the summary, you need to talk to your doctor about joining a trial.

Wendy took part in a new trial studying the possible side effect of hearing loss

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"I was delighted to take part in a clinical trial as it has the potential to really help others in the future.”

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