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Depending on the infection, there are different things you can do to protect yourself, such as vaccinations or practising safe sex.
HPV is a common infection. For most people it doesn't cause any problems, but some types of the virus can increase cancer risk.
EBV is a common infection. For most people it doesn't cause any problems, but some types of the virus can increase cancer risk.
H. pylori is a type of bacteria that can increase the risk of cancer, especially stomach cancer.
HIV lowers the immune system and can increase the risk of cancers linked to infections.
Infection with hepatitis B and C viruses for a long time can increase the risk of liver cancer and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
A few other infections can cause cancer, but in the UK they are very rare.
The NHS Choices website has information about some of these infections:
Helicobacter pylori and stomach cancer
The American Cancer Society also has information about infections:
Infections and cancer