Leukaemia (all subtypes combined) mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from leukaemia, 2017-2019, UK.

Proportion of all deaths

Percentage leukaemia contributes to total cancer deaths, 2017-2019, UK

Age

Peak mortality rate for leukaemia, 2017-2019, UK

Trend over time

Leukaemia mortality rates have changed differently for each sex since the early 1970s, UK

 

Leukaemia is the 12th most common cause of cancer death in the UK, accounting for 3% of all cancer deaths (2017-2019).[1-4]

In females in the UK, leukaemia is the 12th most common cause of cancer death (3% of all female cancer deaths). In males in the UK, it is the 12th most common cause of cancer death (3% of all male cancer deaths).

41% of leukaemia deaths in the UK are in females, and 59% are in males (2017-2019).

Leukaemia mortality rates (European age-standardised Open a glossary item (AS) rates) in the UK are significantly lower in females than in males (2017-2019).

Leukaemia mortality rates (European age-standardised Open a glossary item (AS) rates) for persons are significantly lower than the UK average in Northern Ireland, and similar to the UK average in all other UK constituent countries.

For leukaemia, mortality differences between countries largely reflect differences in incidence.

Leukaemia (C91-C95), Annual Average Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Persons Population, UK, 2017-2019

  England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland UK
Female Deaths 1,669 155 98 48 1,970
Crude Rate 5.9 5.6 6.2 5.0 5.9
AS Rate 5.6 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.6
AS Rate - 95% LCL 5.5 4.7 4.7 4.4 5.4
AS Rate - 95% UCL 5.8 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.7
Male Deaths 2,420 223 157 60 2,860
Crude Rate 8.7 8.4 10.1 6.5 8.7
AS Rate 10.4 9.9 10.7 8.8 10.3
AS Rate - 95% LCL 10.1 9.1 9.7 7.5 10.1
AS Rate - 95% UCL 10.6 10.6 11.6 10.1 10.5
Persons Deaths 4,089 379 255 108 4,830
Crude Rate 7.3 7.0 8.1 5.7 7.3
AS Rate 7.7 7.2 7.7 6.7 7.6
AS Rate - 95% LCL 7.6 6.8 7.2 6.0 7.5
AS Rate - 95% UCL 7.8 7.6 8.3 7.5 7.8

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits around the AS Rate Open a glossary item

References

  1. England and Wales data were accessed from Nomis mortality statistics by underlying cause, sex and age, November 2021: Nomis mortality statistics by underlying cause, sex and age.
  2. Scotland data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, November 2021. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp(link is external).
  3. Northern Ireland data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, February 2022. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.
  4. Population data were published by the Office for National statistics, accessed July 2020. The data can be found here: Population estimates for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, provisional: mid-2019.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2017-2019, C91-C95.

The term leukaemia describes four main subtypes, acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), acute myeloid leukaemia (CML) and chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), as well as a number of less common types. It is important to recognise the variation between these subtypes when interpreting statistics on leukaemia as a whole.

Last reviewed:

Leukaemia mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older people. In the UK in 2017-2019, on average each year around 6 in 10 deaths (59%) were in people aged 75 and over.[1-4] This largely reflects higher incidence and lower survival for leukaemia in older people.

Age-specific mortality rates rise steeply from around age 55-59. The highest rates are in the 90+ age group for both females and males. Mortality rates are significantly lower in females than males in a number of (mainly older) age groups. The gap is widest at age 05 to 09, when the age-specific mortality rate is 2.3 times lower in females than males.

Leukaemia (C91-C95), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates per 100,000 Persons Population, UK, 2017-2019

References

  1. England and Wales data were accessed from Nomis mortality statistics by underlying cause, sex and age, November 2021: Nomis mortality statistics by underlying cause, sex and age.
  2. Scotland data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, November 2021. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp(link is external).
  3. Northern Ireland data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, February 2022. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.
  4. Population data were published by the Office for National statistics, accessed July 2020. The data can be found here: Population estimates for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, provisional: mid-2019.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2017-2019, ICD-10 C91-C95.

The term leukaemia describes four main subtypes, acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), acute myeloid leukaemia (CML) and chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), as well as a number of less common types. It is important to recognise the variation between these subtypes when interpreting statistics on leukaemia as a whole.

Last reviewed:

Leukaemia age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item rates for females and males combined remained stable in the UK between 1971-1973 and 2017-2019.[1-4] The change varied markedly between sexes.

For females, leukaemia AS mortality rates in the UK decreased by 12% between 1971-1973 and 2017-2019. For males, leukaemia AS mortality rates in the UK remained stable between 1971-1973 and 2017-2019.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2007-2009 and 2017-2019), leukaemia AS mortality rates for females and males combined decreased by 7%. In females AS mortality rates decreased by 9%, and in males rates decreased by 7%.

Leukaemia (C91-C95), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Persons Population, UK, 1971-2019

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends. For example, rising mortality may reflect rising incidence and stable survival, while falling mortality may reflect rising incidence and rising survival.

Leukaemia mortality rates have decreased overall in some broad age groups in females and males combined in the UK since the early 1970s, but have increased in others.[1-4] Rates in 0-24s have decreased by 76% (though the absolute change is very small as rates are overall low in this age group), in 25-49s have decreased by 64%, in 50-59s have decreased by 55%, in 60-69s have decreased by 24%, in 70-79s have increased by 10% and in 80+s have increased by 73%.

Leukaemia (C91-C95), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Persons Population, By Age, UK, 1971-2019

References

  1. England and Wales data were accessed from Nomis mortality statistics by underlying cause, sex and age, November 2021: Nomis mortality statistics by underlying cause, sex and age.
  2. Scotland data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, November 2021. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp(link is external).
  3. Northern Ireland data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, February 2022. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.
  4. Population data were published by the Office for National statistics, accessed July 2020. The data can be found here: Population estimates for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, provisional: mid-2019.

See also

Data is for UK, 1971-2019, C91-C95.

The term leukaemia describes four main subtypes, acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), acute myeloid leukaemia (CML) and chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), as well as a number of less common types. It is important to recognise the variation between these subtypes when interpreting statistics on leukaemia as a whole.

Cancers in children and young people (aged 0-24) are best classified using a different system to cancers in adults, so the figures presented here may not correspond with those elsewhere.

Last reviewed:

Leukaemia mortality rates are projected to fall by 18% in the UK between 2014 and 2035, to 8 deaths per 100,000 people by 2035.[1] This includes a larger decrease for males than for females.

For males, leukaemia European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item mortality rates in the UK are projected to fall by 22% between 2014 and 2035, to 10 deaths per 100,000 by 2035.[1] For females, rates are projected to fall by 15% between 2014 and 2035, to 6 deaths per 100,000 by 2035.[1]

Leukaemia (C91-C95), Observed and Projected Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Sex, UK, 1979-2035

 

It is projected that 6,091 deaths from leukaemia (3,552 in males, 2,539 in females) will occur in the UK in 2035.

References

  1. Smittenaar CR, Petersen KA, Stewart K, Moitt N. Cancer Incidence and Mortality Projections in the UK Until 2035. Brit J Cancer 2016.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 1979-2014 (observed), 2015-2035 (projected), ICD-10 C91-C95

Projections are based on observed incidence and mortality rates and therefore implicitly include changes in cancer risk factors, diagnosis and treatment. It is not possible to assess the statistical significance of changes between 2014 (observed) and 2035 (projected) figures. Confidence intervals are not calculated for the projected figures. Projections are by their nature uncertain because unexpected events in future could change the trend. It is not sensible to calculate a boundary of uncertainty around these already uncertain point estimates. Changes are described as 'increase' or 'decrease' if there is any difference between the point estimates.

More on projections methodology

Last reviewed:

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See information and explanations on terminology used for statistics and reporting of cancer, and the methods used to calculate some of our statistics.

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