Leukaemia (all subtypes combined) statistics

Cases

New cases of leukaemia, 2014-2016 average, UK

Deaths

Deaths from leukaemia, 2015-2017, UK.

 

Survival

Survive leukaemia for 10 or more years, 2010-11, England and Wales

Preventable cases

Leukaemia cases are preventable, UK, 2015

 

  • There are around 9,900 new leukaemia cases in the UK every year, that's 27 every day (2014-2016).
  • Leukaemia is the 13th most common cancer in the UK, accounting for 3% of all new cancer cases (2016).
  • In females in the UK, leukaemia is the 12th most common cancer, with around 3,800 new cases in 2016.
  • In males in the UK, leukaemia is the 10th most common cancer, with around 5,700 new cases in 2016.
  • Incidence rates for leukaemia in the UK are highest in people aged 85 to 89 (2014-2016).
  • Since the early 1990s, leukaemia incidence rates have increased by almost a sixth (16%) in the UK. Rates in females have increased by more than a tenth (12%) and rates in males have increased by around a seventh (14%).
  • Over the last decade, leukaemia incidence rates have increased by almost a tenth (8%) in the UK. Rates in females have increased by around a twentieth (6%), and rates in males have increased by more than a twentieth (7%).
  • Incidence rates for leukaemia are projected to rise by 5% in the UK between 2014 and 2035, to 19 cases per 100,000 people by 2035.
  • Leukaemia is more common in White and Black males than in Asian males.
  • Leukaemia is more common in White females than in Asian or Black females.
  • In the UK around 27,100 people were still alive at the end of 2006, up to ten years after being diagnosed with leukaemia (all subtypes combined).

See more in-depth leukaemia (all subtypes combined) incidence statistics

  • There are around 4,700 leukaemia deaths in the UK every year, that's 13 every day (2015-2017).
  • Leukaemia is the 12th most common cause of cancer death in the UK, accounting for 3% of all cancer deaths (2017).
  • In females in the UK, leukaemia is the 12th most common cause of cancer death, with around 1,900 deaths in 2017.
  • In males in the UK, leukaemia is the 11th most common cause of cancer death, with around 2,800 deaths in 2017.
  • Mortality rates for leukaemia in the UK are highest in people aged 90+ (2015-2017).
  • Since the early 1970s, leukaemia mortality rates have remained stable in the UK. Rates in females have decreased by a tenth (10%), and rates in males have remained stable.
  • Over the last decade, leukaemia mortality rates have decreased by more than a twentieth (7%) in the UK. Rates in females have decreased by almost a tenth (8%), and rates in rates in males have decreased by around a tenth (9%).
  • Mortality rates for leukaemia are projected to fall by 18% in the UK between 2014 and 2035, to 8 deaths per 100,000 people by 2035.

See more in-depth leukaemia (all subtypes combined) mortality statistics

  • Almost half (46%) of people diagnosed with leukaemia in England and Wales survive their disease for ten years or more (2010-11).
  • More than half (52%) of people diagnosed with leukaemia in England and Wales survive their disease for five years or more (2010-11).
  • Around 7 in 10 (69%) people diagnosed with leukaemia in England and Wales survive their disease for one year or more (2010-11).
  • Leukaemia survival is higher in men than women.
  • More than 7 in 10 people in England diagnosed with leukaemia aged 40-49 survive their disease for five years or more, compared with around a quarter of people diagnosed aged 80 and over (2009-2013).
  • Leukaemia survival is improving and has more than quadrupled in the last 40 years in the UK.
  • In the 1970s, more than 5 in 100 of people diagnosed with leukaemia survived their disease beyond ten years, now it's almost half.

See more in-depth leukaemia (all subtypes combined) survival statistics

  • A person’s risk of developing cancer depends on many factors, including age, genetics, and exposure to risk factors (including some potentially avoidable lifestyle factors).
  • 12% of leukaemia cases in the UK are preventable.
  • 9% of leukaemia cases in the UK are caused by ionising radiation.
  • 3% of leukaemia cases in the UK are caused by smoking.
  • Less than 1% of leukaemia cases in the UK are caused by workplace exposures.
  • ‘Two-week wait’ and ’31-day wait’ standards are met by all countries, and ‘62-day wait’ is not met by any country for haematological cancers.

See more in-depth leukaemia (all subtypes combined) diagnosis and treatment statistics

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Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the many organisations across the UK which collect, analyse, and share the data which we use, and to the patients and public who consent for their data to be used. Find out more about the sources which are essential for our statistics.