Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) statistics

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Cases

New cases of chronic myeloid leukaemia each year, 2016-2018 average, UK.

Deaths

Deaths from chronic myeloid leukaemia, 2016-2018, UK.

  • There are around 830 new chronic myeloid leukaemia cases in the UK every year, that's more than 2 every day (2016-2018).
  • Chronic myeloid leukaemia accounted for less than 1% of all new cancer cases in the UK in 2016-2018.
  • In females in the UK, chronic myeloid leukaemia accounted for around 370 new cancer cases every year (2016-2018).
  • In males in the UK, chronic myeloid leukaemia accounted for around 460 new cancer cases every year in 2016-2018.
  • Incidence rates for chronic myeloid leukaemia in the UK are highest in people aged 85 to 89 (2016-2018).
  • Each year almost a quarter (23%) of all new chronic myeloid leukaemia cases in the UK are diagnosed in people aged 75 and over (2016-2018).
  • Since the early 1990s, chronic myeloid leukaemia incidence rates have decreased by more than a quarter (28%) in the UK. Rates in females have decreased by around a fifth (21%), and rates in males have decreased by almost two-fifths (37%) (2016-2018).
  • Over the last decade, chronic myeloid leukaemia incidence rates have remained stable in the UK. Rates in females have increased by a sixth (17%), and rates in males have remained stable (2016-2018).
  • Chronic myeloid leukaemia incidence rates in England in females are similar in the most deprived quintile compared with the least, and in males are similar in the most deprived quintile compared with the least (2013-2017).
  • An estimated 6,000 people who had previously been diagnosed with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) were alive in the UK at the end of 2010.

See more in-depth CML incidence statistics

  • There are around 230 chronic myeloid leukaemia deaths in the UK every year, that's more than 4 every week (2016-2018).
  • Chronic myeloid leukaemia accounted for less than 1% of all cancer deaths in the UK in 2018.
  • In females in the UK, chronic myeloid leukaemia accounted for around 95 deaths in 2018.
  • In males in the UK, chronic myeloid leukaemia accounted for around 130 deaths in 2018.
  • Mortality rates for chronic myeloid leukaemia in the UK are highest in people aged 90+ (2016-2018).
  • Each year around 7 in 10 of all chronic myeloid leukaemia deaths (69%) in the UK are in people aged 75 and over (2016-2018).
  • Since the early 1970s, chronic myeloid leukaemia mortality rates have decreased by almost three-quarters (73%) in the UK. Rates in females have decreased by around three-quarters (76%), and rates in males have decreased by around seven-tenths (71%).
  • Over the last decade, chronic myeloid leukaemia mortality rates have decreased by around a fifth (19%) in the UK. Rates in females have decreased by around a quarter (24%), and rates in males have remained stable.
  • Leukaemia (CML) deaths in England are more common in males living in the most deprived areas. There is no association for females.

See more in-depth CML mortality statistics

  • Five-year relative survival for CML (Chronic myeloid leukaemia) in men is similar to the European average in England, Scotland and Wales.
  • Five-year relative survival for CML (Chronic myeloid leukaemia) in women is similar to the European average in England, Wales and Northern Ireland but above the European average in Scotland.

See more in-depth CML survival statistics

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Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the many organisations across the UK which collect, analyse, and share the data which we use, and to the patients and public who consent for their data to be used. Find out more about the sources which are essential for our statistics.