Brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours statistics

Cases

New cases of brain tumours, 2014-2016 average, UK

Deaths

Deaths from brain tumours, 2016, UK

Survival

Survive brain tumours for 10 or more years, 2010-11, England and Wales

Prevention

Brain and other CNS tumour cases are preventable, UK, 2015

 

  • There are around 11,700 new brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours cases in the UK every year, that's 32 every day (2014-2016).
  • Brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours is the 9th most common cancer in the UK, accounting for 3% of all new cancer cases (2016).
  • In females in the UK, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours is the 8th most common cancer, with around 6,000 new cases in 2016.
  • In males in the UK, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours is the 11th most common cancer, with around 5,400 new cases in 2016.
  • Incidence rates for brain, CNS and intracranial tumours in the UK are highest in people aged 85 to 89 (2014-2016).
  • Since the early 1990s, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours incidence rates have increased by more than a third (36%) in the UK. Rates in females have increased by almost half (47%) and rates in males have increased by a quarter (25%).
  • Over the last decade, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours incidence rates have increased by almost a sixth (16%) in the UK. Rates in females have increased by around a quarter (24%), and rates in males have increased by almost a tenth (8%).
  • Most malignant brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours occur in the brain.
  • Most benign brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours occur in the meninges.
  • Incidence rates for brain tumours are projected to rise by 6% in the UK between 2014 and 2035, to 22 cases per 100,000 people by 2035.
  • Brain tumours in England are less common in females living in the most deprived areas. There is no association for males.
  • Brain cancer is more common in White people than in Asian or Black people.
  • In the UK more than 9,700 people were still alive at the end of 2006, up to ten years after being diagnosed with a tumour in the brain, or other parts of the CNS.

See more in-depth brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours incidence statistics

  • There are around 5,200 brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours deaths in the UK every year, that's around 14 every day (2014-2016).
  • Brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours is the 10th most common cause of cancer death in the UK, accounting for 3% of all cancer deaths (2016).
  • In males in the UK, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours is the 9th most common cause of cancer death, with around 2,900 deaths in 2016.
  • In females in the UK, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours is the 9th most common cause of cancer death, with around 2,300 deaths in 2016.
  • Mortality rates for brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours in the UK are highest in people aged 85 to 89 (2014-2016).
  • Since the early 1970s, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours (malignant only) mortality rates have increased by around half (51%) in the UK. Rates in males have increased by more than half (52%), and rates in females have increased by almost half (48%).
  • Over the last decade, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours (malignant, benign and uncertain or unknown behaviour) mortality rates have remained stable in the UK. Rates in males have remained stable, and rates in females have remained stable.
  • Mortality rates for brain tumours are projected to fall by 2% in the UK between 2014 and 2035, to 10 deaths per 100,000 people by 2035.
  • Brain tumour deaths in England are not associated with deprivation.

See more in-depth brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours mortality statistics

  • Around 3 in 20 (14%) people diagnosed with brain cancer in England and Wales survive their disease for ten years or more (2010-11).
  • Around a fifth (19%) of people diagnosed with brain cancer in England and Wales survive their disease for five years or more (2010-11).
  • 4 in 10 (40%) people diagnosed with brain cancer in England and Wales survive their disease for one year or more (2010-11).
  • Brain cancer survival is higher in men than women at one-year but similar at five- and ten-years.
  • Brain cancer survival in England is highest for people diagnosed aged under 40 years old (2009-2013).
  • Around 6 in 10 people in England diagnosed with brain cancer aged 15-39 survive their disease for five years or more, compared with only 1 in 100 people diagnosed aged 80 and over (2009-2013).
  • Brain cancer survival is improving and has doubled in the last 40 years in the UK.
  • In the 1970s, around 5 in 100 people diagnosed with brain cancer survived their disease beyond ten years, now it's around 3 in 20.

See more in-depth brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours survival statistics

  • A person’s risk of developing cancer depends on many factors, including age, genetics, and exposure to risk factors (including some potentially avoidable lifestyle factors).
  • 1 in 69 UK males and 1 in 65 UK females will be diagnosed with a brain, other CNS or intracranial tumour in their lifetime.
  • 3% of brain and other CNS tumour cases in the UK are preventable.
  • Less than 1% of brain and other CNS tumour cases in the UK are caused by ionising radiation.
  • 2% of brain and other CNS tumour cases in the UK are caused by overweight and obesity.

See more in-depth brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours risk statistics

  • ‘Two-week wait’, ‘31-day wait’ and ’62-day wait’ standards are met by all countries for brain and CNS tumours.

See more in-depth brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours diagnosis and treatment statistics

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Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the many organisations across the UK which collect, analyse, and share the data which we use, and to the patients and public who consent for their data to be used. Find out more about the sources which are essential for our statistics.