Brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours statistics

Cases

New cases of brain tumour each year, 2016-2018 average, UK.

Deaths

Deaths from brain tumours, 2017-2019, UK.

Survival

Survive brain tumours for 5 or more years, 2013-2017, England

Prevention

Brain and other CNS tumour cases are preventable, UK, 2015

 

  • There are around 12,300 new brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours cases in the UK every year, that's 34 every day (2016-2018).
  • Brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours is the 9th most common cancer in the UK, accounting for 3% of all new cancer cases (2016-2018).
  • In females in the UK, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours is the 7th most common cancer, with around 6,400 new cases every year (2016-2018).
  • In males in the UK, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours is the 11th most common cancer, with around 5,800 new cases every year (2016-2018).
  • Incidence rates for brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours in the UK are highest in people aged 85 to 89 (2016-2018).
  • Each year almost a quarter (23%) of all new brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours cases in the UK are diagnosed in people aged 75 and over (2016-2018).
  • Since the early 1990s, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours incidence rates have increased by almost two-fifths (39%) in the UK. Rates in females have increased by around half (51%), and rates in males have increased by more than a quarter (27%) (2016-2018).
  • Over the last decade, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours incidence rates have increased by around a tenth (11%) in the UK. Rates in females have increased by almost a sixth (16%), and rates in males have increased by around a twentieth (6%) (2016-2018).
  • The most common specific location for malignant brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours in the UK is the brain (2016-2018).
  • The most common specific location for benign brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours in the UK is the meninges (2016-2018).
  • Incidence rates for brain tumours are projected to rise by 6% in the UK between 2014 and 2035, to 22 cases per 100,000 people by 2035.
  • Brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours incidence rates in England in females are similar in the most deprived quintile compared with the least, and in males are 8% lower in the most deprived quintile compared with the least (2013-2017).
  • Around 190 cases of brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours each year in males in England are linked with lower deprivation.
  • Incidence rates for brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours are lower in the Asian and Black ethnic groups, and in people of mixed or multiple ethnicity, compared with the White ethnic group, in England (2013-2017). See our publication Cancer Incidence by Broad Ethnic Group for more details.
  • In the UK more than 9,700 people were still alive at the end of 2006, up to ten years after being diagnosed with a tumour in the brain, or other parts of the CNS.

See more in-depth brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours incidence statistics

  • There are around 5,500 brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours deaths in the UK every year, that's 15 every day (2017-2019).
  • Brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours is the 10th most common cause of cancer death in the UK, accounting for 3% of all cancer deaths (2017-2019).
  • In females in the UK, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours is the 9th most common cause of cancer death, with around 2,400 deaths every year (2017-2019).
  • In males in the UK, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours is the 9th most common cause of cancer death, with around 3,100 deaths every year (2017-2019).
  • Mortality rates for brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours in the UK are highest in people aged 90+ (2016-2018).
  • Each year around a third of all brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours deaths (34%) in the UK are in people aged 75 and over (2016-2018).
  • Since the early 1970s, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours (malignant only) mortality rates have increased by more than half (53%) in the UK. Rates in females have increased by half (50%), and rates in males have increased by almost three fifths (55%).
  • Over the last decade, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours (malignant and non-malignant) mortality rates have remained stable in the UK. Rates in females have remained stable, and rates in males have remained stable 2017-2019).
  • Mortality rates for malignant brain tumours are generally lower in people of non-White minority ethnicity, compared with the White ethnic group, in England and Wales (2017-2019). See the publication Mortality from leading causes of death by ethnic group, England and Wales.
  • Mortality rates for brain tumours are projected to fall by 2% in the UK between 2014 and 2035, to 10 deaths per 100,000 people by 2035.
  • Brain tumour deaths in England are not associated with deprivation.

See more in-depth brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours mortality statistics

  • 4 in 10 (39.9%) of people diagnosed with brain cancer in England survive their disease for one year or more (2013-2017).
  • More than 1 in 10 (12.2%) of people diagnosed with brain cancer in England survive their disease for five years or more (2013-2017).
  • Brain cancer survival for females is similar to males at one-year, and higher than for males at five-years.
  • Brain cancer survival in England is highest for people diagnosed aged under 40 years old (2009-2013).
  • Around 6 in 10 people in England diagnosed with brain cancer aged 15-39 survive their disease for five years or more, compared with only 1 in 100 people diagnosed aged 80 and over (2009-2013).
  • Brain cancer survival is improving and has doubled in the last 40 years in the UK.
  • In the 1970s, around 5 in 100 people diagnosed with brain cancer survived their disease beyond ten years, now it's around 3 in 20.

See more in-depth brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours survival statistics

  • A person’s risk of developing cancer depends on many factors, including age, genetics, and exposure to risk factors (including some potentially avoidable lifestyle factors).
  • 1 in 69 UK males and 1 in 65 UK females will be diagnosed with a brain, other CNS or intracranial tumour in their lifetime.
  • 3% of brain and other CNS tumour cases in the UK are preventable.
  • Less than 1% of brain and other CNS tumour cases in the UK are caused by ionising radiation.
  • 2% of brain and other CNS tumour cases in the UK are caused by overweight and obesity.

See more in-depth brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours risk statistics

  • ‘Two-week wait’, ‘31-day wait’ and ’62-day wait’ standards are met by all countries for brain and CNS tumours.

See more in-depth brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours treatment statistics

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Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the many organisations across the UK which collect, analyse, and share the data which we use, and to the patients and public who consent for their data to be used. Find out more about the sources which are essential for our statistics.