Brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from brain tumours, 2016, UK

 

Percentage of all deaths

Percentage brain tumours contributes to total cancer deaths, 2016, UK

Age

Peak mortality rate for brain tumour, 2014-2016, UK

Trend over time

Change in brain tumour mortality rates since the early 1970s, UK

Brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours is the 10th most common cause of cancer death in the UK, accounting for 3% of all cancer deaths (2016).[1-3]

In males in the UK, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours is the 9th most common cause of cancer death (3% of all male cancer deaths). In females in the UK it is the 9th most common cause of cancer death (3% of all female cancer deaths).

56% of brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours deaths in the UK are in males, and 44% are in females.

Brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours mortality rates (European age-standardised (AS) rates Open a glossary item ) are similar to the UK average in all the UK constituent countries.

Brain, Other CNS and Intracranial Tumours (C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2016

  England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland UK
Male Deaths 2467 259 126 72 2924
Crude Rate 9.0 9.9 8.2 7.9 9.0
AS Rate 10.3 10.5 8.5 9.5 10.2
AS Rate - 95% LCL 9.9 9.2 7.1 7.3 9.9
AS Rate - 95% UCL 10.7 11.8 10.0 11.6 10.6
Female Deaths 1936 207 127 56 2326
Crude Rate 6.9 7.5 8.0 5.9 7.0
AS Rate 7.0 7.3 7.4 6.3 7.1
AS Rate - 95% LCL 6.7 6.3 6.1 4.7 6.8
AS Rate - 95% UCL 7.4 8.3 8.6 8.0 7.4
Persons Deaths 4403 466 253 128 5250
Crude Rate 8.0 8.6 8.1 6.9 8.0
AS Rate 8.6 8.9 8.0 7.8 8.5
AS Rate - 95% LCL 8.3 8.1 7.0 6.4 8.3
AS Rate - 95% UCL 8.8 9.7 8.9 9.1 8.8

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item  around the AS Rate  Open a glossary item

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2016, ICD-10 C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5.

Last reviewed:

Brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older people. In the UK in 2014-2016, on average each year around a third (34%) of deaths were in people aged 75 and over.[1-3] This is a lower proportion of deaths in older age groups compared with most cancers.

Age-specific mortality rates rise steadily from around age 25-29 and more steeply from around age 45-49. The highest rates are in the 85 to 89 age group for males and the 90+ age group for females.

Mortality rates are significantly higher in males than females in a number of (mainly older) age groups. The gap is widest at age 60 to 64, when the age-specific mortality rate is 1.6 times higher in males than females.

Brain, Other CNS And Intracranial Tumours (C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014-2016

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS Rate Open a glossary item

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2014-2016, ICD-10 C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5.

Last reviewed:

Malignant brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item mortality rates for males and females combined increased by 51% in the UK between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016.[1-3] The increase was of a similar size in males and females.

For males, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours AS mortality rates in the UK increased by 52% between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016. For females, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours AS mortality rates in the UK increased by 48% between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2004-2006 and 2014-2016), brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours (malignant, benign and uncertain or unknown behaviour) AS mortality rates for males and females combined remained stable. In males AS mortality rates remained stable, and in females rates remained stable.

Malignant Brain, Other CNS and Intracranial Tumours (C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 1971-2016

Brain, Other CNS and Intracranial Tumours (C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 1993-2016

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends. For example, rising mortality may reflect rising incidence and stable survival, while falling mortality may reflect rising incidence and rising survival.

Malignant brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours mortality rates have increased overall in some broad adult age groups in males and females combined in the UK since the early 1970s, but have decreased in others.[1-3] Rates in 25-49s have decreased by 22%, in 50-59s have decreased by 16%, in 60-69s have increased by 40%, in 70-79s have increased by 292%, and in 80+s have increased by 1777%.

Malignant Brain, Other CNS and Intracranial Tumours (C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, By Age, UK, 1971-2016

Trends are presented for malignant tumours only from the early 1970s, and for malignant, benign, and uncertain or unknown behaviour tumours from the early 1990s, to mirror the presentation of incidence trends.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 1971-2016, ICD-10 C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3 or for UK, 1993-2016, ICD-10 C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5.

Last reviewed:

Brain tumour mortality rates are projected to fall by 2% in the UK between 2014 and 2035, to 10 deaths per 100,000 people by 2035.[1] This includes a smaller decrease for males than for females.

For males, brain tumours European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item mortality rates in the UK are projected to fall by 2% between 2014 and 2035, to 12 deaths per 100,000 by 2035.[1] For females, rates are projected to fall by 2% between 2014 and 2035, to 8 deaths per 100,000 by 2035.[1]

Brain tumours (C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5), Observed and Projected Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Sex, UK, 1979-2035

It is projected that 6,960 deaths from brain tumours (3,887 in males, 3,073 in females) will occur in the UK in 2035.

References

  1. Smittenaar CR, Petersen KA, Stewart K, Moitt N. Cancer Incidence and Mortality Projections in the UK Until 2035. Brit J Cancer 2016.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 1979-2014 (observed), 2015-2035 (projected), ICD-10 C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5

Projections are based on observed incidence and mortality rates and therefore implicitly include changes in cancer risk factors, diagnosis and treatment. It is not possible to assess the statistical significance of changes between 2014 (observed) and 2035 (projected) figures. Confidence intervals are not calculated for the projected figures. Projections are by their nature uncertain because unexpected events in future could change the trend. It is not sensible to calculate a boundary of uncertainty around these already uncertain point estimates. Changes are described as 'increase' or 'decrease' if there is any difference between the point estimates.

More on projections methodology

Last reviewed:

There is no evidence for an association between brain, other CNS and intracranial tumour mortality and deprivation for either males or females in England.[1] England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates are similar for both males and females living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived.[1]

Brain, Other CNS and Intracranial Tumours (C70-C72,C751-3,D32-D33,D352-4,D42-D43,D443-5), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in brain, other CNS and intracranial tumour mortality between people living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011.[1]

References

  1. Cancer Research UK and National Cancer Intelligence Network. Cancer by deprivation in England: Incidence, 1996-2010, Mortality, 1997-2011. London: NCIN; 2014.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 2007-2011, ICD-10 C70-C72,C751-3,D32-D33,D352-4,D42-D43,D443-5

Deprivation gradient statistics were calculated using mortality data for 2007-2011. The deprivation quintiles were calculated using the Income domain scores from the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) from the following years: 2004, 2007 and 2010. Full details on the data and methodology can be found in the Cancer by Deprivation in England NCIN report.

Last reviewed:

Brain and other CNS cancer (C70-C72 only) are the 11th most common cause of cancer death in Europe, with around 45,000 deaths in 2012 (3% of the total). In Europe (2012), the highest World age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates for brain and other CNS cancer are in Albania for both men and women; the lowest rates are in Cyprus for men and Malta for women. UK mortality rates for brain and other CNS cancer are estimated to be the 20th lowest in males in Europe, and 15th lowest in females.[1] These data are broadly in line with Europe-specific data available elsewhere.[2]

Brain and other CNS cancer (C70-C72 only) are the 12th most common cause of cancer death worldwide, with more than 189,000 deaths in 2012 (2% of the total). Brain and other CNS cancer mortality rates are highest in Northern Europe and lowest in Western Africa, but this partly reflects varying data quality worldwide.[1]

References

  1. Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, et al. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2013. Available from: http://globocan.iarc.fr, accessed December 2013.
  2. Ferlay J, Steliarova-Foucher E, Lortet-Tieulent J, et al.Cancer incidence and mortality patterns in Europe: Estimates for 40 countries in 2012. European Journal of Cancer (2013) 49, 1374-1403.

About this data

Data is for: Europe and worldwide, 2012, ICD-10 C70-C72

Last reviewed:

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