Brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from brain tumours, 2015-2017, UK.

Percentage of all deaths

Percentage brain tumours contributes to total cancer deaths, 2015-2017, UK

Age

Peak mortality rate for brain tumour, 2015-2017, UK

Trend over time

Change in brain tumour mortality rates since the early 1970s, UK

Brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours is the 10th most common cause of cancer death in the UK, accounting for 3% of all cancer deaths (2017).[1-3]

In females in the UK, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours is the 9th most common cause of cancer death (3% of all female cancer deaths). In males in the UK it is the 9th most common cause of cancer death (3% of all male cancer deaths).

44% of brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours deaths in the UK are in females, and 56% are in males.

Brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours mortality rates (European age-standardised (AS) rate) Open a glossary item are similar to the UK average in all the UK constituent countries.

Brain, Other CNS and Intracranial Tumours (C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2017

  England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland UK
Female Deaths 1,974 195 122 71 2,362
Crude Rate 7.0 7.0 7.7 7.5 7.1
AS Rate 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.9 7.0
AS Rate - 95% LCL 6.7 5.9 5.9 6.0 6.8
AS Rate - 95% UCL 7.3 7.8 8.5 9.7 7.3
Male Deaths 2,490 265 143 82 2,980
Crude Rate 9.1 10.0 9.3 8.9 9.1
AS Rate 10.2 11.2 9.7 10.7 10.3
AS Rate - 95% LCL 9.8 9.8 8.1 8.4 9.9
AS Rate - 95% UCL 10.6 12.5 11.3 13.0 10.7
Persons Deaths 4,464 460 265 153 5,342
Crude Rate 8.0 8.5 8.5 8.2 8.1
AS Rate 8.6 8.8 8.3 9.3 8.6
AS Rate - 95% LCL 8.3 8.0 7.3 7.8 8.3
AS Rate - 95% UCL 8.8 9.6 9.3 10.7 8.8

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item  around the AS Rate  Open a glossary item

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2018. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2018. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, March 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2017, ICD-10 C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5.

Last reviewed:

Brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older people. In the UK in 2015-2017, on average each year around a third (34%) of deaths were in people aged 75 and over.[1-3] This is a lower proportion of deaths in older age groups compared with most cancers.

Age-specific mortality rates rise steadily from around age 25-29 and more steeply from around age 45-49. The highest rates are in the 90+ age group for females and males. Mortality rates are significantly lower in females than males in a number of (mainly older) age groups. The gap is widest at age 40 to 44, when the age-specific mortality rate is 1.8 times lower in females than in males.

Brain, Other CNS And Intracranial Tumours (C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2015-2017

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS Rate Open a glossary item

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2018. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2018. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, March 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2015-2017, ICD-10 C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5.

Last reviewed:

Malignant brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item mortality rates for females and males combined increased by 51% in the UK between 1971-1973 and 2015-2017.[1-3] The increase was of a similar size in females and males.

For females, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours AS mortality rates in the UK increased by 48% between 1971-1973 and 2015-2017. For males, brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours AS mortality rates in the UK increased by 52% between 1971-1973 and 2015-2017.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2005-2007 and 2015-2017), brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours (malignant and non-malignant) AS mortality rates for females and males combined remained stable. In females AS mortality rates remained stable, and in males rates remained stable.

Malignant Brain, Other CNS and Intracranial Tumours (C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 1971-2017

Brain, Other CNS and Intracranial Tumours (C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 1993-2017

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends. For example, rising mortality may reflect rising incidence and stable survival, while falling mortality may reflect rising incidence and rising survival.

Malignant brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours mortality rates have increased overall in some broad adult age groups in females and males combined in the UK since the early 1970s, but have decreased in others.[1-3] Rates in 25-49s have decreased by 23%, in 50-59s have decreased by 17%, in 60-69s have increased by 37%, in 70-79s have increased by 298%, and in 80+s have increased by 1817%.

Malignant Brain, Other CNS and Intracranial Tumours (ICD-10 C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, By Age, UK, 1971-2017

Trends are presented for malignant tumours only from the early 1970s, and for malignant and non-malignant tumours from the early 1990s, to mirror the presentation of incidence trends.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2018. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2018. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, March 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 1971-2017, ICD-10 C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3 or for UK, 1993-2017, ICD-10 C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5.

Last reviewed:

Brain tumour mortality rates are projected to fall by 2% in the UK between 2014 and 2035, to 10 deaths per 100,000 people by 2035.[1] This includes a smaller decrease for males than for females.

For males, brain tumours European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item mortality rates in the UK are projected to fall by 2% between 2014 and 2035, to 12 deaths per 100,000 by 2035.[1] For females, rates are projected to fall by 2% between 2014 and 2035, to 8 deaths per 100,000 by 2035.[1]

Brain tumours (C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5), Observed and Projected Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Sex, UK, 1979-2035

It is projected that 6,960 deaths from brain tumours (3,887 in males, 3,073 in females) will occur in the UK in 2035.

References

  1. Smittenaar CR, Petersen KA, Stewart K, Moitt N. Cancer Incidence and Mortality Projections in the UK Until 2035. Brit J Cancer 2016.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 1979-2014 (observed), 2015-2035 (projected), ICD-10 C70-C72, C75.1-C75.3, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5

Projections are based on observed incidence and mortality rates and therefore implicitly include changes in cancer risk factors, diagnosis and treatment. It is not possible to assess the statistical significance of changes between 2014 (observed) and 2035 (projected) figures. Confidence intervals are not calculated for the projected figures. Projections are by their nature uncertain because unexpected events in future could change the trend. It is not sensible to calculate a boundary of uncertainty around these already uncertain point estimates. Changes are described as 'increase' or 'decrease' if there is any difference between the point estimates.

More on projections methodology

Last reviewed:

There is no evidence for an association between brain, other CNS and intracranial tumour mortality and deprivation for either males or females in England.[1] England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates are similar for both males and females living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived.[1]

Brain, Other CNS and Intracranial Tumours (C70-C72,C751-3,D32-D33,D352-4,D42-D43,D443-5), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in brain, other CNS and intracranial tumour mortality between people living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011.[1]

References

  1. Cancer Research UK and National Cancer Intelligence Network. Cancer by deprivation in England: Incidence, 1996-2010, Mortality, 1997-2011. London: NCIN; 2014.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 2007-2011, ICD-10 C70-C72,C751-3,D32-D33,D352-4,D42-D43,D443-5

Deprivation gradient statistics were calculated using mortality data for 2007-2011. The deprivation quintiles were calculated using the Income domain scores from the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) from the following years: 2004, 2007 and 2010. Full details on the data and methodology can be found in the Cancer by Deprivation in England NCIN report.

Last reviewed:

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