84% of people diagnosed with cancer in childhood in the UK survive for at least five years, as shown by population-based survival for patients diagnosed in 2012-2016. This falls to 80% surviving for at least 10 years, for people diagnosed in 2007-2011. England figures for people diagnosed more recently are in line with this.
Survival among people diagnosed with cancer in childhood continues to fall beyond ten years after diagnosis. 76% of people diagnosed in 2002-2006 survived for 15 years or more, and 72% of those diagnosed in 1997-2001 survived for at least 20 years. Again, England figures for people diagnosed in more recent years are in line with this.
Survivors of childhood cancer have higher than expected mortality in adulthood compared with the general population, though the extent of this excess mortality has decreased over time.
Children’s Cancers, Five-, Ten-, Fifteen-, and Twenty-Year Population-Based Survival, Ages 0-14, UK, 1997-2016
- National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service. Children, teenagers and young adults UK cancer statistics report 2021. Available from http://ncin.org.uk/cancer_type_and_topic_specific_work/cancer_type_specific_work/cancer_in_children_teenagers_and_young_adults/. Accessed April 2021.
- Office for National Statistics. Childhood cancer survival in England. Available from https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/datasets/childhoodcancersurvivalinengland. Accessed April 2021.
- Fidler MM, Reulen RC, Winter DL, Kelly J, Jenkinson HC, Skinner R, Frobisher C, Hawkins MM. Long term cause specific mortality among 34 489 five year survivors of childhood cancer in Great Britain: population based cohort study. BMJ 2016; 354: i4351.
About this data
Data is for UK, 1997-2016, International Classification of Childhood Cancer, Third Edition (ICCC-3).
Survival statistics give an overall picture of survival and the survival time experienced by an individual patient may be much higher or lower, depending on specific patient and tumour characteristics.