Lung cancer mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from lung cancer, 2014, UK

Proportion of all deaths

Percentage lung cancer  is of total cancer deaths, 2014, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of lung cancer deaths, 2012-2014, UK

 

Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer death in the UK (2014), accounting for 22% of all cancer deaths.[1-3] In males, it is the most common cause of cancer death in the UK (23% of all male cancer deaths), whilst it is the most common cause of cancer death in females in the UK (21% of all female cancer deaths).

In 2014, there were 35,895 lung cancer deaths in the UK: 19,563 (55%) in males and 16,332 (45%) in females, giving a male:female ratio of around 12:10.[1-3] The crude mortality rate Open a glossary item shows that there are 62 lung cancer deaths for every 100,000 males in the UK, and 50 for every 100,000 females.

The European age-standardised mortality rates Open a glossary item (AS rates) are significantly higher in Scotland compared with the other constituent countries of the UK for both males and females.[1-3] The mortality rate in Wales is also significantly higher than that in England for females only.[1-3]

Lung Cancer (C33-C34), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014

England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland UK
Male Deaths 15,856 1,070 2,119 518 19,563
Crude Rate 59.2 70.3 81.6 57.4 61.5
AS Rate 72.9 77.0 97.6 78.3 75.3
AS Rate - 95% LCL 71.8 72.4 93.4 71.5 74.3
AS Rate - 95% UCL 74.0 81.6 101.7 85.0 76.4
Female Deaths 12,993 899 1,998 442 16,332
Crude Rate 47.2 57.2 72.6 47.1 49.8
AS Rate 48.4 53.4 71.8 53.7 50.8
AS Rate - 95% LCL 47.5 49.9 68.6 48.7 50.1
AS Rate - 95% UCL 49.2 56.9 74.9 58.7 51.6
Persons Deaths 28,849 1,969 4,117 960 35,895
Crude Rate 53.1 63.7 77.0 52.2 55.6
AS Rate 59.0 63.4 82.5 63.9 61.4
AS Rate - 95% LCL 58.3 60.6 80.0 59.9 60.7
AS Rate - 95% UCL 59.6 66.2 85.0 68.0 62.0

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS Rate Open a glossary item

Lung cancer mortality rates throughout the UK vary significantly between health boundaries for both males and females, with the highest rates in Scotland and Northern England, and the lowest rates in Southern England.[4,5]

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, Nocember 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases
  2. Data are provided by Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables
  3. Data are provided annually by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm
  4. NCIN, UK. Cancer e-atlas. European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK (England: former Primary Care Trusts; Wales; Scotland: NHS Health Boards; Northern Ireland: Health and Social Care Trusts), 2009-2011.
  5. NCIN. Cancer Incidence and  Mortality by Cancer Network, UK, 2005. London: NCIN; 2008.
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Lung cancer mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older males and females. In the UK in 2012-2014, on average each year almost half (48%) of deaths were in people aged 75 and over.[1-3]

Age-specific mortality rates rise sharply from around age 45-49, with the highest rates in the 85-89 age group. Mortality rates are significantly higher for males than for females in those aged 40-44 and from age 50-54, with no significant differences in younger age groups. This gap is widest at the age of 90+, when the male:female ratio of age-specific rates (to account for the different proportions of males to females in each age group) is around 21:10.[1-3]

Lung Cancer (C33-C34) Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates, UK, 2012-2014

For most cancer types, mortality by age largely reflects incidence and survival by age, e.g. typically, higher incidence and lower survival in older people results in higher mortality in older people.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015.Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm
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Lung cancer mortality rates have decreased overall for males and increased overall for females in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] For males, European age-standardised Open a glossary item (AS) mortality rates have decreased by 57% between 1971-1973 and 2010-2012. For females, mortality rates have increased by 63% between 1971-1973 and 2010-2012; however, most of this rise occurred between the early 1970s and late 1980s, with rates increasing by 60% between 1971-1973 and 1988-1990. Over the last decade (between 2001-2003 and 2010-2012), European AS mortality rates have decreased by 19% in males and increased by 5% in females.

Lung Cancer (C33-C34), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK, 1971-2012

The different patterns of lung cancer death rates in men and women reflect past smoking behaviour: smoking prevalence peaked earlier in men than women in Great Britain, and accordingly the highest lung cancer mortality ratios are observed in men born around the turn of the century and in women born in the 1920s.[4]

Lung Cancer (C33-C34), Birth Cohort Mortality, Ages 35-84, England and Wales

The importance of lung cancer as a cause of death has grown throughout most of of the twentieth century. In the early 1900s, lung cancer was a rare disease causing around one death annually in every 100,000 people.[5] By 1950, the lung cancer mortality rate had risen six-fold in men and three-fold in women, prompting the first epidemiological study that linked tobacco smoking and lung cancer in Great Britain.[5]

Since the 1950s, lung cancer mortality rates have increased, peaked and then decreased for all male age groups and some female age groups in England and Wales.[1-3,6]

In men, rates have increased overall since the 1950s for the older age groups, and decreased overall since the 1950s for the younger age groups. Rates peaked first in the younger age groups in the 1950s and 1960s, and peaked last in men aged 85+ in the late 1980s. The largest increase in rates was for men aged 85+ between the early 1950s and the mid-1980s, with European AS mortality rates increasing between 14-fold and 16-fold, whilst the largest decrease was in men aged 45-54 between the early 1950s and 2012, with European AS mortality rates dropping by around 80% during the time period. These trends closely reflect the patterns in male incidence by age.

Lung Cancer (C33-C34), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, By Age, Males, England and Wales, 1950-2012

In women, rates have increased overall since the 1950s for all age groups. Rates rose for all age groups from the early 1950s before beginning to fall in the younger age groups; dropping from the mid-1970s for women aged 45-54 and the late 1980s for women in the 55-64 age group. In the 65-74 age group, rates began to fall in the early 1990s, but began to increase again from the mid-2000s. However, rates in women in the 75-84 and 85+ age groups continued to rise during the 1990s and into this century, with some indication recently of a downward trend for those aged 75-84.[1-3,6] The largest increase in mortality rates has been in women aged 85+, with European AS mortality rates increasing between 11- and 12-fold between the early 1950s and 2012. These trends closely reflect the patterns in female incidence by age.

Lung Cancer (C33-C34), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, By Age, Females, England and Wales, 1950-2012

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, January 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/publications/all-releases.html?definition=tcm%3A77-27475
  2. Data are provided by ISD Scotland on request, March 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://gro-scotland.gov.uk/statistics/theme/vital-events/general/ref-tables/index.html
  3. Data are provided annually by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2013. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp22.htm.
  4. Swerdlow AJ, dos Santos Silva I, and Doll R. Cancer Incidence and Mortality in England Wales: trends and risk factors. 2001: Oxford University Press
  5. Doll R and Hill AB. Smoking and carcinoma of the lung. Preliminary report. British  Medical Journal 1950:739-48.
  6. Quinn M, Babb P, Brock A et al. Cancer Trends in England Wales 1950-1999. Vol. SMPS No. 66. 2001: TSO.
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Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer death in Europe, with around nearly 354,000 deaths from lung cancer in 2012 (20% of the total). In Europe (2012), the highest World age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates for lung cancer are in Hungary for men and Denmark for women; the lowest rates are in Sweden for men and Belarus for women. UK lung cancer mortality rates are estimated to be the 11th lowest in males in Europe, and 5th highest in females.[1] These data are broadly in line with Europe-specific data available elsewhere.[2]

Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer death worldwide, with around 1,590,000 deaths from lung cancer in 2012 (19% of the total). Lung cancer mortality rates are highest in Eastern Asia and lowest in Western Africa, but this partly reflects varying data quality worldwide.[1]

References

  1. Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, et al. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2013. Accessed December 2013. 
  2. Ferlay J, Steliarova-Foucher E, Lortet-Tieulent J, et al.Cancer incidence and mortality patterns in Europe: Estimates for 40 countries in 2012. European Journal of Cancer (2013) 49, 1374-1403.
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There is evidence for a strong association between lung cancer mortality and deprivation for both males and females in England.[1] England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates are 170% higher for males living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived, and 176% higher for females.[1]

Lung Cancer (C33-C44), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in lung cancer mortality between people living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011. It has been estimated that there would have been around 9,900 fewer lung cancer deaths each year in England during 2007-2011 if all people experienced the same mortality rates as the least deprived.[1]

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Cancer Statistics Explained

See information and explanations on terminology used for statistics and reporting of cancer, and the methods used to calculate some of our statistics.

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