In situ cervical carcinoma incidence statistics

Cases

New cases of in situ cervical carcinoma, 2014, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of in situ cervical carcinoma cases, 2012-2014, UK

Trend over time

Change in In situ cervical carcinoma incidence rates since the early 1990s, UK

In 2014, there were 31,829 new cases of in situ cervical carcinoma in the UK.[1-4] The crude incidence rate shows that there are 97 new in situ cervical carcinoma cancer cases for every 100,000 females in the UK.

The European age-standardised incidence rates (AS rate) are significantly lower in England compared with the other UK countries and significantly higher in Wales compared with Scotland.[1-4] Rates in Scotland are significantly lower compared with Northern Ireland.[1-4].

In Situ Cervical Carcinoma (D06), Number of New Cases, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, Females, UK, 2014

England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland UK
Cases 26,020 1,926 2,725 1,158 31,829
Crude Rate 94.5 122.6 99.1 123.5 97.0
AS Rate 90.1 127.9 97.2 118.5 93.2
AS Rate - 95% LCL 89.0 122.2 93.5 111.7 92.2
AS Rate - 95% UCL 91.2 133.6 100.8 125.3 94.2

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits around the AS rate
 

Wales and Northern Ireland include all cases of in situ cervical carcinoma, whereas Scotland and England include only those which have been confirmed by a pathologist. This contributes to the differences seen between countries. Differences between countries may also reflect risk factor prevalence in years past.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, June 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, May 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/.  
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, June 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, May 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 2014, ICD-10 D06

Last reviewed:

In situ cervical carcinoma incidence is strongly related to age, with the highest incidence rates overall being in younger females – the converse pattern to most cancers.[1-4] In the UK in 2012-2014, on average each year more than half (54%) of cases were diagnosed in females under the age of 30.

Age-specific incidence rates rise sharply from around age 15-19, peak in the 25-29 age group, and subsequently drop sharply to age 65-69.

In Situ Cervical Carcinoma (D06), Average Number of New Cases per Year and Age-Specific Incidence Rates, Females, UK, 2012-2014

For in situ cervical carcinoma, most cases are identified through the cervical cancer screening programme. Incidence increases rapidly at the age screening starts, as prevalent cases are identified, then falls rapidly at the age routine screening ends.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, June 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, May 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/.  
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, June 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.  
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, May 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2012-2014, ICD-10 D06

Last reviewed:

In situ cervical carcinoma European age-standardised (AS) incidence rates have increased by 29% in females in the UK since the early 1990s.[1-3] This includes a rapid increase followed by a slower increase during this time.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2003-2005 and 2012-2014), in situ cervical carcinoma incidence rates in females have increased by 18%.[1-4] The transient increase around 2009 reflects increased cervical screening attendance following the cervical cancer death of a young celebrity.[5]

In Situ Cervical Carcinoma (D06), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, Females, UK, 1993-2014

In situ cervical carcinoma incidence trends probably reflect the effective implementation of the UK cervical screening programmes in the late 1980s.[6] Cervical screening aims to prevent cancer developing by detecting early-stage cell changes, hence increased incidence rates of in situ cervical carcinoma. Changing prevalence of risk factors probably also plays a part, particularly among younger women in more recent years.[7-10]

This increase is slower than the increase seen in the 1980s in Great Britain. In situ cervical carcinoma incidence rates have overall decreased in most of the broad age groups in the UK since the early 1990s but have increased in females aged 25-34 and remained stable in females aged 35-49 and 80+.[1-3] The largest decrease has been in females aged 65-79-74, with European AS incidence  rates decreasing by 57% between 1993-1995 and 2012-2014. In females aged 25-34, rates increased by 84% between 1993-1995 and 2012-2014.[1-3]

In Situ Cervical Carcinoma (D06), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, Females, by Age, UK, 1993-2014​

For in situ cervical carcinoma, most cases are identified through the cervical cancer screening programme. Incidence increases rapidly at the age screening starts, as prevalent cases are identified, then falls rapidly at the age routine screening ends.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, June 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, May 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, June 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, May 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/
  5. Lancucki L, Sasieni P, Patnick J, et al. The impact of Jade Goody's diagnosis and death on the NHS Cervical Screening Programme. J Med Screen 2012;19(2):89-93.
  6. Quinn M, Babb P, Jones J, Allen E. Effect of screening on incidence of and mortality from cancer of cervix in England: evaluation based on routinely collected statistics. BMJ 1999 3;318(7188):904-8
  7. NHS Cancer Screening Programmes. Audit of invasive cervical cancer, National report 2007-2011. May 2012.
  8. National Cancer Intelligence Network (NCIN). Cervical Cancer Incidence and Screening Coverage. London: NCIN; 2011.  
  9. Patel A, Galaal K, Burnley C, et al. Cervical cancer incidence in young women: a historical and geographic controlled UK regional population study. Br J Cancer 2012;106(11):1753-9.
  10. Foley G, Alston R, Geraci M, et al. Increasing rates of cervical cancer in young women in England: an analysis of national data 1982-2006. Br J Cancer 2011;105(1):177-84.

About this data

Data is for UK: 1993-2014, ICD-10 D06

Last reviewed:

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