Cervical cancer statistics

Cases

New cases of cervical cancer, 2013, UK

Deaths

Deaths from cervical cancer, 2012, UK

Survival

Survive cervical cancer for 10 or more years, 2010-11, England and Wales

Prevention

Preventable cases of cervical cancer, UK

  • There were around 3,200 new cases of cervical cancer in the UK in 2013, that’s around 9 cases diagnosed every day.
  • Cervical cancer is the 20th most common cancer in the UK (2013).
  • Cervical cancer accounts for less than 1% of all new cases in the UK (2013).
  • In females in the UK, cervical cancer is the 12th most common cancer, with around 3,200 cases diagnosed in 2013.
  • More than half (52%) of cervical cancer cases in the UK each year are diagnosed in females aged under 45 (2011-2013).
  • Since the late 1970s, cervical cancer incidence rates in females have decreased by more than two-fifths (44%) in Great Britain.
  • Over the last decade, cervical cancer incidence rates in females have remained stable in the UK.
  • Cervical cancer in England is more common in females living in the most deprived areas.
  • In Europe, around 58,400 new cases of cervical cancer were estimated to have been diagnosed in 2012. The UK incidence rate is 12th lowest in Europe.
  • Worldwide, more than 527,000 women were diagnosed with cervical cancer in 2012, with incidence rates varying across the world.
  • 1 in 135 women will be diagnosed with cervical cancer during their lifetime.

Read more in-depth cervical cancer incidence statistics

  • There were around 31,300 new cases of in situ cervical carcinoma in the UK in 2013, that’s 86 cases diagnosed every day.
  • In females, there were around 31,300 cases of in situ cervical carcinoma diagnosed in the UK in 2013.
  • Almost half (47%) of in situ cervical carcinoma cases in the UK each year are diagnosed in females aged 30 and over (2011-2013).
  • Since the late 1970s, in situ cervical carcinoma incidence rates in females have more than quadrupled (339% increase) in Great Britain.
  • Over the last decade, in situ cervical carcinoma incidence rates in females have increased by less than a fifth (16%) in the UK.

Read more in-depth in-situ cervical cancer incidence statistics

  • Around 920 women died from cervical cancer in 2012 in the UK, that is more than 2 every day.
  • More than half of cervical cancer deaths occur in women aged between 25 and 64.
  • Cervical cancer death rates have decreased by 71% in the UK since the early 1970s.
  • Cervical cancer deaths in England are more common in females living in the most deprived areas.
  • In Europe, around 24,400 women were estimated to have died from cervical cancer in 2012. The UK mortality rate is ninth lowest in Europe.
  • Worldwide, more than 265,000 women are estimated to have died from cervical cancer in 2012, with mortality rates varying across the world.

Read more in-depth cervical cancer mortality statistics

  • Almost two-thirds (63%) of women diagnosed with cervical cancer in England and Wales survive their disease for ten years or more (2010-11).
  • Around two-thirds (67%) of women diagnosed with cervical cancer in England and Wales survive their disease for five years or more (2010-11).
  • More than 8 in 10 (83%) women diagnosed with cervical cancer in England and Wales survive their disease for one year or more (2010-11).
  • Cervical cancer survival in England is highest for women diagnosed aged under 40 years old (2009-2013).
  • Around 9 in 10 women in England diagnosed with cervical cancer aged 15-39 survive their disease for five years or more, compared with around a quarter of women diagnosed aged 80 and over (2009-2013).
  • Cervical cancer survival is improving and has increased in the last 40 years in the UK.
  • In the 1970s, almost half of women diagnosed with cervical cancer survived their disease beyond ten years, now it's almost two-thirds.
  • When diagnosed at its earliest stage, around 95% of women with cervical cancer will survive their disease for five years or more, compared with 5 in 100 of women when diagnosed at the latest stage.

Read more in-depth cervical cancer survival statistics

  • 100% of cervical cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors
  • A woman’s risk of developing cervical cancer depends on many factors, including age, genetics, and exposure to risk factors (including some potentially avoidable lifestyle factors).
  • High-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main potentially avoidable risk factor for cervical cancer, linked to an estimated 100% of cervical cancer cases in the UK.
  • Some other factors may relate to cervical cancer risk partly because they are related to HPV. Smoking, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and oral contraceptives are associated with cervical cancer.
  • ‘Low-risk’ HPV types may relate to higher cervical cancer risk, but evidence is unclear.

Read more in-depth cervical cancer risk factors

  • The NHS Cervical Screening Programme was set up in 1988 by the Department of Health.
  • Cervical screening can prevent around 45% of cervical cancer cases in women in their 30s, rising with age to 75% in women in their 50s and 60s, who attend regularly.
  • HPV vaccination in schools was introduced into the national immunisation programme in 2008, for girls aged 12-13.
  • GP referral (not ‘two week wait’) is the most common route to diagnosis of cervical cancer.
  • 'Two-week wait’ standards are met by all countries, ‘31-day wait’ is met by all but Northern Ireland and Wales, and ’62-day wait’ is met by all but Wales, Northern Ireland and only partly by Scotland for gynaecological cancers.
  • Almost 4 in 10 cervical cancer patients receive major surgical resection as part of their cancer treatment.
  • Almost 9 in 10 patients had a ‘very good’ or ‘excellent’ patient experience.
  • 9 in 10 patients are given the name of their Clinical Nurse Specialist.
  • Around 7 in 10 (70-73%) of women in Great Britain who are eligible for cervical screening are screened with a definitive usable result for their age.
  • Cervical screening coverage in England and Scotland is falling slowly.
  • More than 9 in 10 women in Great Britain who have cervical screening receive a negative (normal) result.
  • Cervical cancer is found in between 1 and 30 per 1,000 women in England with an abnormal screening result.

Read more in-depth cervical cancer diagnosis and treatment statistics

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The latest statistics available for cervical cancer in the UK are; incidence 2013, mortality 2012 and survival 2010-2011 (all ages combined) and 2009-2013 (by age). Data for in-situ cervical carcinoma are; incidence 2013. Mortality and survival data are not available.

The ICD code Open a glossary item for cervical cancer is ICD-10 C53. The ICD code for in situ cervical carcinoma (cancerous changes to cells of the cervix) is ICD-10 D06.

European Age-Standardised Rates were calculated using the 1976 European Standard Population (ESP) unless otherwise stated as calculated with ESP2013. ASRs calculated with ESP2013 are not comparable with ASRs calculated with ESP1976.

Lifetime risk estimates were calculated using incidence, mortality, population and all-cause mortality data for 2012.

Survival statistics give an overall picture of survival and (unless otherwise stated) include all adults (15-99) diagnosed, at all ages, stages Open a glossary item and co-morbidities Open a glossary item. The survival time experienced by an individual patient may be much higher or lower, depending on specific patient and tumour characteristics. 

Survival by stage is not yet routinely available for the UK due to inconsistencies in the collecting and recording of staging data in the past. Survival by stage is available for the former Anglia Cancer Network in the east of England, however. The former Anglia Cancer Network covers around 5% of the population of England and may not be representative of the country as a whole due to differences in underlying demographic factors (such as age, deprivation or ethnicity), as well as variation in local healthcare provision standards and policies.

Meta-analyses Open a glossary item and systematic reviews Open a glossary item are cited where available, as they provide the best overview of all available research and most take study quality into account. Individual case-control and cohort  studies Open a glossary item are reported where such aggregated data are lacking.

Routes to diagnosis statistics were calculated from cases of cancer registered in England which were diagnosed in 2012-2013.

Cancer waiting times statistics are for patients who entered the health care system within financial year 2014-15. Cervical cancer is part of the group 'Gynaecological cancer' for cancer waiting times data. Codes vary per country but broadly include: Vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus, ovary, other female genital organs, placenta and secondary cancers of ovary.

Cancer surgical resection rates data is for patients diagnosed in England between 2006 and 2010.

Patient Experience data is for adult patients in England with a primary diagnosis of cancer, who were in active treatment between September and November 2013 and who completed a survey in 2014.

The latest statistics available for cervical screening in the UK are financial year 2014/15.

Deprivation gradient statistics were calculated using incidence data for three time periods: 1996-2000, 2001-2005 and 2006-2010 and for mortality for two time periods: 2002-2006 and 2007-2011. The 1997-2001 mortality data were only used for the all cancers combined group as this time period includes the change in coding from ICD-9 to ICD-10. The deprivation quintiles were calculated using the Income domain scores from the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) from the following years: 2004, 2007 and 2010. Full details on the data and methodology can be found in the Cancer by Deprivation in England NCIN report.

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Acknowledgements

We would like to acknowledge the essential work of the cancer registries in the United Kingdom and Ireland Association of Cancer Registries, without which there would be no data.

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