A trial comparing treatments for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL-RIC)

Cancer type:

Acute leukaemia
Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL)
Blood cancers
Leukaemia

Status:

Open

Phase:

Phase 2
This trial is looking at a new combination of treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). 
 
It is for people:
  • who have no signs of leukaemia in the blood or bone marrow (complete remission)
  • over the age of 40 and under 65

More about this trial

Doctors are looking for new ways to treat people with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) to stop the leukaemia coming back. In this trial, they are comparing a usual treatment with a new combination of treatment. 
 
The usual (standard) treatment in this trial is a combination of drugs called FMA. It includes:
  • fludarabine – a chemotherapy drug
  • melphalan – a chemotherapy drug 
  • alemtuzumab – a targeted drug 
The new combination of treatment includes:
Everyone then goes on to have a stem cell transplant with stem cells from another person (an allogeneic stem cell transplant). The chemotherapy and radiotherapy in this trial are low intensity. This is to reduce the possible complications of a transplant.
 
We know from early research that the new combination of treatment works well and seems to have fewer side effects than FMA. But researchers need to find out for sure, so they are checking this in more people. 
 
The main aim of the study is to compare treatments to see which works best to prevent the leukaemia coming back. 

Who can enter

The following bullet points list the entry conditions for this trial. Talk to your doctor or the trial team if you are unsure about any of these. They will be able to advise you. 
 
Who can take part
 
You may be able to join this trial if all of the following apply. 
 
You:
  • have ALL and this is the first time you have had no signs of leukaemia in the blood or bone marrow (complete remission)
  • have suitably matched cells for the stem cell transplant
  • are suitable to have low intensity treatment and an allogeneic stem cell transplant Open a glossary item  
  • have satisfactory blood test results
  • are well enough to be up and about for at least half the day (performance status 0,1 or 2)
  • are willing to use reliable contraception during treatment and for 12 months afterwards if there is any chance you or your partner could become pregnant 
  • are between 40 and 65 years old (you might be able to join if you are under the age of 40 if you aren’t suitable to have high dose chemotherapy and a stem cell transplant)
Who can’t take part
 
You cannot join this trial if any of these apply. 
You:
  • can’t have a low intensity stem cell transplant 
  • have side effects from past treatment apart from your bone marrow not making enough blood cells such as red cells Open a glossary item or white cells Open a glossary item (bone marrow suppression)
  • have problems with your heart or lung unless your doctor says you are suitable to have total body irradiation when you join the trial
  • have another type of cancer 
  • had another type of cancer in the past unless there is a low risk of it coming back   
  • have a problem with the way your kidneys and liver work 
  • have an active infection
  • have HIV
  • have an active hepatitis A or hepatitis C infection
  • are pregnant or breastfeeding

Trial design

This phase 2 trial is taking place in the UK. The researchers need 242 people to join. 
 
It is a randomised trial. You are put into treatment groups by a computer. Neither you nor your doctor will be able to decide which group you are in. 
 
You have 1 of the following treatments: 
  • fludarabine, melphalan and alemtuzumab (usual treatment)
  • cyclophosphamide, alemtuzumab and total body irradiation (new treatment)
Fludarabine, melphalan and alemtuzumab (FMA)
You have a combination of the drugs fludarabine, melphalan and alemtuzumab. You have them as a drip into a vein over 7 days. You then have your stem cell transplant. 
 
Cyclophosphamide and TBI
You have:
  • cyclophosphamide and alemtuzumab as a drip into a vein
  • 4 doses of total body irradiation
You have this over 7 days before your transplant. 
 
A radiotherapist Open a glossary item will give the total body irradiation (TBI). You have this twice a day over 2 days as part of the 7 day treatment before the transplant. 
 
You may also have a CT scan Open a glossary item or test dose before the TBI. This allows the radiotherapists to work out the correct dose to give to protect your organs.
 
You then have your stem cell transplant.
 
Quality of life
The trial team will ask you to fill out a questionnaire before you start treatment and at set times during treatment. The questionnaire will ask about side effects and how you’ve been feeling. This is called a quality of life study Open a glossary item
 
The questionnaires shouldn’t take longer than 20 minutes to complete. You may find some of the questions distressing. Please speak to your doctor or nurse if you find any of the questions distressing. They’ll be able to support you. 

Hospital visits

You’ll see a doctor and have some tests before you can take part. These include:
  • physical examination 
  • blood tests
  • breathing tests (lung function tests)
  • bone marrow test
You have all your treatment in the hospital. You will stay in for about 2 to 4 weeks. 
 
After you are discharged from the hospital you have check ups as follows.
 
Blood tests:
  • every week for 1 month 
  • every 3 months for 2 years
  • every 6 months to a year for 3 years 
A bone marrow test:
  • at 100 days 
  • at 6 months
  • every 3 months for 2 years
  • every 6 months for 3 years 
  • at 100 days 
  • at 6 months in the first year
  • every 3 months for 2 years

Side effects

Having cyclophosphamide, alemtuzumab and TBI is a new treatment for ALL. So, there may be some side effects we don’t know about yet. The trial team will monitor you during the time you have treatment and you’ll have a phone number to call if you are worried about anything. 
 
The most common side effects of cyclophosphamide are:
The most common side effects of alemtuzumab include:
  • an increased risk of infection
  • an allergic reaction to the drug, for example, flu like symptoms such as fever and chills
The possible short term side effects of total body irradiation are:
The possible long term side effects of total body irradiation are:
  • sensitive skin
  • developing clouding of the lens of the eye (cataracts)
  • fertility problems for women and men 
  • the risk of getting other cancers
  • changes to lung tissue which can cause breathlessness, coughing or wheezing 
  • an underactive thyroid Open a glossary item which can cause weight gain, tiredness, constipation and dry skin
We have more information about: 

Location

Birmingham
Bristol
Cambridge
Glasgow
Leeds
Leicester
London
Manchester
Newcastle upon Tyne
Nottingham
Oxford
Plymouth
Sheffield

Recruitment start:

Recruitment end:

How to join a clinical trial

Please note: In order to join a trial you will need to discuss it with your doctor, unless otherwise specified.

Please note - unless we state otherwise in the summary, you need to talk to your doctor about joining a trial.

Chief Investigator

Professor David Marks 

Supported by

University of Birmingham
Anthony Nolan Research Institute
NHS Blood and Transplant (NHSBT)
Leuka

 

Questions about cancer? Contact our information nurses

Freephone 0808 800 4040

Last review date

CRUK internal database number:

15941

Please note - unless we state otherwise in the summary, you need to talk to your doctor about joining a trial.

Over 60,000 cancer patients enrolled on clinical trials in the UK last year.

Last reviewed:

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