75% (78% in males and 69% in females) of stomach cancer cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors.
Stomach cancer is associated with a number of risk factors.[2-4]
Stomach Cancer Risk Factors
|Increases risk||Decreases risk|
|'Sufficient' or 'convincing' evidence||
|'Limited' or 'probable' evidence||
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) classifications.
a cardia; b non-cardia; c IARC classifies evidence on body fatness as sufficient, WCRF/AICR classifies evidence on body fatness as probable; d ingested under conditions that result in endogenous nitrosation; e WCRF/AICR classifies evidence on alcoholic drinks as probable.
- Parkin DM, Boyd L, Walker LC. 16. The fraction of cancer attributable to lifestyle and environmental factors in the UK in 2010. BJC 2011;105 Suppl 2:S77-81.
- International Agency for Research on Cancer. List of Classifications by cancer sites with sufficient or limited evidence in humans, Volumes 1 to 116*. Accessed October 2016.
- Lauby-Secretan B, Scoccianti C, Loomis D, et al. Body Fatness and Cancer--Viewpoint of the IARC Working Group. N Engl J Med. 2016 Aug 25;375(8):794-8.
- World Cancer Research Fund / American Institute for Cancer Research. Continuous Update Project Findings & Reports. Accessed October 2016.