75% (78% in males and 69% in females) of stomach cancer cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors.
Stomach cancer is associated with a number of risk factors.[2,3]
Stomach Cancer Risk Factors
|Increases risk ('sufficient' or 'convincing' evidence)||May increase risk ('limited' or 'probable' evidence)||Decreases risk ('sufficient' or 'convincing' evidence)||May decrease risk ('limited' or 'probable' evidence)|
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and The World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) classifications.
a Ingested under conditions that result in endogenous nitrosation. b Not salted or pickled.
- Parkin DM, Boyd L, Walker LC. 16. The fraction of cancer attributable to lifestyle and environmental factors in the UK in 2010. BJC 2011;105 Suppl 2:S77-81.
- Cogliano VJ, Baan R, Straif K, et al. Preventable exposures associated with human cancers. JNCI 2011;103:1827-39.
- Helicobacter and Cancer Collaborative Group. Gastric cancer and Helicobacter pylori: a combined analysis of 12 case control studies nested within prospective cohorts. Gut 2001;49:347-53.