Stomach cancer statistics

Cases

New cases of stomach cancer, 2012, UK

Deaths

Deaths from stomach cancer, 2012, UK

Survival

Survive stomach cancer for 10 or more years, 2010-11, England and Wales

Prevention

Preventable cases of stomach cancer, UK

  • There were around 7,000 new cases of stomach cancer in the UK in 2012, that’s around 19 people every day.
  • Stomach cancer is the 16th most common cancer in the UK 2012.
  • Stomach cancer accounts for 2% of all new cases in the UK (2012).
  • In men, stomach cancer is the 12th most common cancer in the UK, with around 4,600 cases diagnosed in 2012.
  • In women, stomach cancer is the 16th most common cancer in the UK, with around 2,400 cases diagnosed in 2012.
  • Around half (51%) of cases of stomach cancer are diagnosed in people aged 75 and over.
  • Since the late-1970s, stomach cancer incidence rates have decreased by around three-fifths (61%) in Great Britain.
  • Over the last decade, stomach cancer incidence rates have decreased by more than a quarter (29%) in the UK.
  • Most stomach cancers occur in the cardia.
  • In Europe, more than 139,000 new cases of stomach cancer were estimated to have been diagnosed in 2012. The UK incidence rate is fifth lowest in Europe for males and fourth lowest for females.
  • Worldwide, more than 951,000 people were diagnosed with stomach cancer in 2012, with incidence rates varying across the world.
  • 1 in 67 men and 1 in 135 women will be diagnosed with stomach cancer during their lifetime.

Read more in-depth stomach cancer incidence statistics

  • Around 4,800 people in the UK died from stomach cancer in 2012, that's 13 every day.
  • Stomach cancer is the tenth most common cause of cancer death in the UK.
  • Stomach cancer is the seventh most common cause of cancer death in men in the UK with around 3,000 deaths in 2012.
  • In women in the UK, stomach cancer is the twelfth most common cause of cancer death with around 1,700 deaths in 2012.
  • Stomach cancer mortality rates in the UK have fallen by more than three-quarters over the last 40 years.
  • In Europe, more than 107,000 people were estimated to have died from stomach cancer in 2012. The UK mortality rate is seventh lowest in Europe for males and fourth lowest for females.
  • Worldwide, around 723,000 people were estimated to have died from stomach cancer in 2012, with mortality rates varying across the world.

Read more in-depth stomach cancer mortality statistics

  • 3 in 20 (15%) people diagnosed with stomach cancer in England and Wales survive their disease for ten years or more (2010-11).
  • Around a fifth (19%) of people diagnosed with stomach cancer in England and Wales survive their disease for five years or more (2010-11).
  • More than 4 in 10 (42%) of people diagnosed with stomach cancer in England and Wales survive their disease for one year or more (2010-11).
  • Stomach cancer survival is higher in men than women at one-year, but similar at five- and ten-years.
  • Stomach cancer survival is highest for people diagnosed aged under 40 years old.
  • More than a third of people diagnosed aged 15-39 survive their disease for five years or more, compared with less than a tenth of people diagnosed aged 80 and over.
  • Stomach cancer survival is improving and has almost tripled in the last 40 years in the UK.
  • In the 1970s, around 5 in 100 people diagnosed with stomach cancer survived their disease beyond ten years, now it's 3 in 20.

Read more in-depth stomach cancer survival statistics

  • 75% (78% in males and 69% in females) of stomach cancer cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors.
  • A person’s risk of developing stomach cancer depends on many factors, including age, genetics, and exposure to risk factors (including some potentially avoidable lifestyle factors).
  • H. Pylori infection is the main potentially avoidable risk factor for stomach cancer, linked to an estimated 32% of stomach cancer cases in the UK.
  • An estimated 75% of stomach cancers in the UK are linked to lifestyle factors including H. pylori infection, consuming too much salt (24%), and smoking (22%).
  • Ionising radiation and certain occupational exposures cause stomach cancer.
  • A diet high in fruit and vegetables may protect against stomach cancer – insufficient fruit and vegetables intake is linked to an estimated 36% of stomach cancer cases in the UK.
  • Alcohol, certain medical conditions, and overweight and obesity may relate to higher stomach cancer risk, but evidence is unclear.

Read more in-depth stomach cancer risk factors

  • Emergency presentation is the most common route to diagnosis of stomach cancer.
  • ‘Two-week wait’ standards are met by all countries, ‘31-day wait’ is met by all but Northern Ireland, and ‘62-day wait’ is not met by any country for upper gastrointestinal cancers.
  • More than 3 in 20 stomach cancer patients receive major surgical resection as part of their cancer treatment.
  • Almost 9 in 10 patients had a ‘very good’ or ‘excellent’ patient experience.
  • 9 in 10 of patients are given the name of their Clinical Nurse Specialist.

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The latest statistics available for stomach cancer in the UK are; incidence 2012, mortality 2012 and survival 2010-2011.

The ICD code Open a glossary item for stomach cancer is ICD-10 C16.

European Age-Standardised Rates were calculated using the 1976 European Standard Population (ESP) unless otherwise stated as calculated with ESP2013. ASRs calculated with ESP2013 are not comparable with ASRs calculated with ESP1976.

Lifetime risk estimates were calculated using incidence, mortality, population and all-cause mortality data for 2012.

Survival statistics give an overall picture of survival and (unless otherwise stated) include all adults (15-99) diagnosed, at all ages, stage Open a glossary item and co-morbidities Open a glossary item. The survival time experienced by an individual patient may be much higher or lower, depending on specific patient and tumour characteristics.

Meta-analyses Open a glossary item and systematic reviews Open a glossary item are cited where available, as they provide the best overview of all available research and most take study quality into account. Individual case-control and cohort studies Open a glossary item are reported where such aggregated data are lacking.

Generally, the studies cited in our risk factors section are on stomach adenocarcinoma Open a glossary item.

Routes to diagnosis statistics were calculated from cases of cancer registered in England which were diagnosed in 2006-2010.

Cancer waiting times statistics are for patients who entered the health care system within financial year 2014-15. Stomach cancer is part in the group 'Upper Gastrointestinal cancer' for cancer waiting times data. Codes vary per country but broadly include: oesophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, other and unspecified parts of biliary tract, pancreas, secondary cancers of liver, intrahepatic bile duct and duodenum.

Cancer surgical resection rates data is for patients diagnosed in England between 2006 and 2010.

Patient Experience data is for adult patients in England with a primary diagnosis of cancer, who were in active treatment between September and November 2013 and who completed a survey in 2014.

Citation

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Acknowledgements

We would like to acknowledge the essential work of the cancer registries in the United Kingdom and Ireland Association of Cancer Registries, without which there would be no data.

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