Stomach cancer mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from stomach cancer, 2014, UK

 

Proportion of all deaths

Percentage stomach cancer is of total cancer deaths, 2014, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of stomach cancer deaths, 2012-2014, UK

 

Trend over time

Stomach cancer mortality rates have decreased by 77% since the early 1970s, UK

 

Stomach cancer is the 12th most common cause of cancer death in the UK (2014), accounting for 3% of all cancer deaths.[1-3] In males, it is the eighth most common cause of cancer death in the UK (3% of all male cancer deaths), whilst it is the 13th most common cause of cancer death in females in the UK (2% of all female cancer deaths).[1-3]

In 2014, there were 4,576 stomach cancer deaths in the UK: 2,919 (64%) in males and 1,657 (36%) in females, giving a male:female ratio of around 18:10.[1-3] The crude mortality rate Open a glossary item shows that there are 9 stomach cancer deaths for every 100,000 males in the UK, and 5 for every 100,000 females.

The European age-standardised mortality rates Open a glossary item (AS rates) are significantly higher in Scotland and Northern Ireland compared with England for both males and females. The mortality rate is significantly higher in Wales compared with England for males only.[1-3] There are no significant differences between the other constituent countries of the UK for either sex.

Stomach Cancer (C16), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014

England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland UK
Male Deaths 2,330 207 285 97 2,919
Crude Rate 8.7 13.6 11.0 10.7 9.2
AS Rate 10.9 15.5 14.0 15.4 11.5
AS Rate - 95% LCL 10.5 13.4 12.4 12.3 11.1
AS Rate - 95% UCL 11.3 17.6 15.7 18.4 11.9
Female Deaths 1,298 105 192 62 1,657
Crude Rate 4.7 6.7 7.0 6.6 5.1
AS Rate 4.7 5.9 6.7 7.3 5.0
AS Rate - 95% LCL 4.4 4.8 5.7 5.5 4.7
AS Rate - 95% UCL 4.9 7.0 7.6 9.1 5.2
Persons Deaths 3,628 312 477 159 4,576
Crude Rate 6.7 10.1 8.9 8.6 7.1
AS Rate 7.4 10.1 9.6 10.7 7.8
AS Rate - 95% LCL 7.1 9.0 8.8 9.0 7.6
AS Rate - 95% UCL 7.6 11.2 10.5 12.4 8.0

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS rate Open a glossary item

Stomach cancer mortality rates throughout the UK vary significantly between health boundaries for both males and females, with the highest rates being in parts of Northern Ireland, Scotland, North East England and the Midlands. The lowest rates are in Southern and South West England.[4,5]

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
  4. NCIN. Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Cancer Network, UK, 2005. London: NCIN; 2008.
  5. NCIN. Cancer e-Atlas. European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK (England: former Primary Care Trusts; Wales; Scotland: NHS Health Boards; Northern Ireland: Health and Social Care Trusts), 2009-2011.
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Stomach cancer mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older males and females. In the UK in 2012-2014, on average each year around 6 in 10 (59%) deaths were in people aged 75 and over.[1-3]

Age-specific mortality rates rise gradually from around age 45-49 then more sharply from around age 65-69, with the highest rates in the 90+ age group. Mortality rates are significantly higher for males than for females in those aged 45-49 and over and this gap is widest at the ages of 65-69, when the male:female ratio of age-specific rates (to account for the different proportions of males to females in each age group) is around 27:10.[1-3]

Stomach Cancer (C16), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates, UK, 2012-2014

For most cancer types, mortality by age largely reflects incidence and survival by age, e.g. typically, higher incidence and lower survival in older people results in higher mortality in older people.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015.Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
Last reviewed:

Stomach cancer mortality rates have decreased by 77% in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] This includes a similar decrease for males and females.

For males, European age-standardised (AS) mortality rates Open a glossary item decreased by 76% between 1971-1973 and 2012-2014. For females, rates decreased by 80% in this period.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2003-2005 and 2012-2014), stomach cancer AS mortality rates have decreased by 30% for males and females combined, with a similar decrease in males (32%) and females (31%).[1-3]

Stomach Cancer (C16), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK, 1971-2014

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends, e.g. increased incidence without sufficient survival improvement results in increased mortality.

Stomach cancer mortality rates have decreased overall for all of the broad adult age groups in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] The largest decrease has been in people aged 60-69, with rates falling by 85% between 1971-1973 and 2012-2014.

Stomach Cancer (C16), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, By Age, Persons UK, 1971-2014

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
Last reviewed:

There is evidence for an association between stomach cancer mortality and deprivation for both males and females in England (the association is stronger for males).[1] England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates are 112% higher for males living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived, and 98% higher for females.[1]

Stomach Cancer (C16), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in stomach cancer mortality for males and females living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011.[1] It has been estimated that there would have been around 1,000 fewer cancer deaths each year in England during 2007-2011 if all people experienced the same mortality rates as the least deprived.[1]

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Stomach cancer is the 4th most common cause of cancer death in the Europe, with more than 107,000 deaths from stomach cancer in 2012 (6% of the total). In Europe (2012), the highest World age-standardised Open a glossary item (AS) mortality rates for stomach cancer are in Belarus for men and Albania for women; the lowest rates are in Iceland for men and Malta for women. UK stomach cancer mortality rates are estimated to be the 7th lowest in males in Europe, and 4th lowest in females.[1] These data are broadly in line with Europe-specific data available elsewhere.[2]

Stomach cancer is the 3rd most common cause of cancer death worldwide, with around 723,000 deaths from stomach cancer in 2012 (9% of the total). Stomach cancer mortality rates are highest in Eastern Asia and lowest in Northern America, but this partly reflects varying data quality worldwide.[1]

References

  1. Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, et al. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2013. Available from: http://globocan.iarc.fr, accessed December 2013.
  2. Ferlay J, Steliarova-Foucher E, Lortet-Tieulent J, et al.Cancer incidence and mortality patterns in Europe: Estimates for 40 countries in 2012. European Journal of Cancer (2013) 49, 1374-1403.
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