100% of cervical cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors.
Cervical cancer risk is associated with a number of risk factors.[2,3]
Cervical Cancer Risk Factors
|Increases risk||Decreases risk|
|'Sufficient' or 'convincing' evidence||
|'Limited' or 'Probable' evidence||
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and The World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) classifications.
a IARC classifies evidence on in utero diethylstilbestrol exposure as sufficient for cervical adenocarcinoma; and as limited for cervical squamous cell carcinoma.
- Parkin DM, Boyd L, Walker LC. The fraction of cancer attributable to lifestyle and environmental factors in the UK in 2010. Br J Cancer 2011;105(S2):S77-S81.
- International Agency for Research on Cancer. List of Classifications by cancer sites with sufficient or limited evidence in humans, Volumes 1 to 116*. Accessed October 2016.
- World Cancer Research Fund / American Institute for Cancer Research. Continuous Update Project Findings & Reports. Accessed October 2016.