Cervical cancer mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from cervical cancer, 2014, UK

 

Proportion of all deaths

Percentage cervical cancer is of female cancer deaths, 2014, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of cervical cancer deaths, 2012-2014, UK

 

Cervical cancer is the 17th most common cause of cancer death among females in the UK (2014), accounting for 1% of all cancer deaths in females.[1-3]

In 2014, there were 890 cervical cancer deaths in the UK.[1-3] The crude mortality rate shows that there are 3 cervical cancer deaths for every 100,000 females in the UK.

The European age-standardised mortality rate Open a glossary item (AS rate) do not differ significantly between the other constituent countries of the UK..[1-3]

Cervical Cancer (C53), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014

England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland UK
Deaths 726 52 88 24 890
Crude Rate 2.6 3.3 3.2 2.6 2.7
AS Rate 2.7 3.2 3.2 2.8 2.8
AS Rate - 95% LCL 2.5 2.3 2.5 1.7 2.6
AS Rate - 95% UCL 2.9 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.0

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS Rate Open a glossary item

Analysis of cervical cancer mortality rates throughout the UK reports some variation between health boundaries,with the highest rates being in parts of the north and the lowest rates in parts of the south.[4,5]

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
  4. NCIN. Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Cancer Network, UK, 2005. London: NCIN; 2008. 
  5. NCIN. Cancer e-Atlas. European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK (England: former Primary Care Trusts; Wales; Scotland: NHS Health Boards; Northern Ireland: Health and Social Care Trusts), 2009-2011.
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Cervical cancer mortality is related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older females. In the UK in 2012-2014, on average each year almost half (47%) of deaths were in females aged 65 and over.[1-3] However, this is a lower proportion of deaths in older age compared with most cancers. 

Age-specific mortality rates rise gradually from around age 15-19, and then more sharply from age 65-69, with the highest rates in the 85+ age group.[1-3]

Cervical Cancer (C54), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates, Females, UK, 2012-2014

For most cancer types, mortality by age largely reflects incidence and survival by age, e.g. typically, higher incidence and lower survival in older people results in higher mortality in older people.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015.Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
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Cervical cancer mortality rates have decreased overall in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] European age standardised Open a glossary item (AS) mortality rates decreased by 71% between 1971-1973 and 2010-2012. Mortality rates fell steadily throughout the 1970s and 1980s (dropping by 22% between 1971-1973 and 1987-1989), and then, like incidence rates, more rapidly after improvements to the national screening programme in the late 1980s (decreasing by 43% between 1987-1989 and 1997-1999). It is estimated that cervical screening prevents around 5,000 deaths each year in the UK.[4] Over the last decade (between 2001-2003 and 2010-2012), European AS mortality rates have decreased by 21%.

Over the last decade (between 2001-2003 and 2010-2012), European AS mortality rates have decreased by 21%.

Cervical Cancer (C54), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, Females, UK, 1971-2012

Cervical cancer mortality rates have decreased overall for most of the broad age groups in the UK since the early 1970s, but have remained stable in women aged under 35.[1-3] The largest decrease has been in women aged between 50 and 64, with European AS mortality rates decreasing by 81% between 1971-1973 and 2010-2012. Rates in 65-79 year-olds remained stable between the early 1970s and early 1980s, but have since decreased, and rates for women aged 25-34 and 35-49 increased between the mid-1970s and mid-1980s, and have also since decreased. These trends are thought to be associated with a rise in human papilloma virus (HPV) prevalence among women following the 1960s sexual revolution.[4,5]

Cervical Cancer (C54), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, By Age, Females, UK, 1971-2012

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, January 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/publications/all-releases.html?definition=tcm%3A77-27475
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, March 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://gro-scotland.gov.uk/statistics/theme/vital-events/general/ref-tables/index.html
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2013. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp22.htm.
  4. Peto J, Gilham C, Fletcher O, et al. The  cervical cancer epidemic that screening has prevented in the UK. Lancet  2004;364(9430):249-56.
  5. Quinn M, Babb P, Brock A, et al. Cancer Trends in England & Wales 1950-1999. London: Office  for National Statistics; 2001.
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Cervical cancer is the 7th most common cause of cancer death in Europe for females, and the 15th most common cause of cancer death overall, with around 24,400 deaths from cervical cancer in 2012 (3% of female deaths and 1% of the total). In Europe (2012), the highest World age-standardised mortality rates for cervical cancer are in Romania; the lowest rates are in Iceland. UK cervical cancer mortality rates are estimated to be the 9th lowest in Europe.[1] These data are broadly in line with Europe-specific data available elsewhere.[2]

Cervical cancer is the 4th most common cause of cancer death worldwide for females, and the 9th most common cause of cancer death overall, with more than 265,000 deaths from cervical cancer in 2012 (7% of female deaths and 3% of the total). Cervical cancer mortality rates are highest in Eastern Africa and lowest in Australia/New Zealand. This partly reflects varying data quality worldwide.[1]

References

  1. Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, et al. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2013. Available from: http://globocan.iarc.fr, accessed December 2013. 
  2. Ferlay J, Steliarova-Foucher E, Lortet-Tieulent J, et al. Cancer incidence and mortality patterns in Europe: Estimates for 40 countries in 2012. European Journal of Cancer (2013) 49, 1374-1403.
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There is evidence for a strong association between cervical cancer mortality and deprivation in England.[1] European age-standardised Open a glossary item  mortality rates are 148% higher for females living in the most deprived areas in England compared with the least deprived, as shown for cervical cancer deaths during 2007-2011.[1]

Cervical Cancer (C53), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, Females, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in cervical cancer mortality between females living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011.[1] It is estimated that there would have been around 250 fewer cervical cancer deaths each year in England during 2007-2011 if all females experienced the same mortality rates as the least deprived.[1]

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Cancer Statistics Explained

See information and explanations on terminology used for statistics and reporting of cancer, and the methods used to calculate some of our statistics.

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