Thyroid cancer survival statistics

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Survival

Survive thyroid cancer for 10 or more years, 2013-2017, England

 

Age

Age that thyroid cancer survival is highest, 2009-2013, England

 

89.6% of males survive thyroid cancer for at least one year. This falls to 82.7% surviving for five years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer during 2013-2017 in England.[1] Survival for females at one year is 92.3% and falls to 89.6% surviving for at least five years. Survival for females is higher than for than for males at one year, and higher than for at five years.

Thyroid Cancer (C51, C52), Age-Standardised One-, Five- and Ten-Year Net Survival, Women, (Aged 15-90), England, 2013-2017

The bar chart shows one- and five-year net survival and predicted ten-year net survival, with 95% confidence intervals.
 

Thyroid cancer survival falls only slightly beyond five years after diagnosis. This means that most patients can be considered cured after five years. 84.3% of people are predicted to survive their disease for ten years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer during 2013-2017 in England.[1]

See also

Cancer survival statistics for common cancers in the UK

References

  1. Office for National Statistics, Cancer survival by stage at diagnosis for England, 2019.

About this data

Data is for: England, 2013 - 2017, ICD-10 C73.

Survival statistics give an overall picture of survival and the survival time experienced by an individual patient may be much higher or lower, depending on specific patient and tumour characteristics.

Last reviewed:

Five-year survival for thyroid cancer is highest in the youngest men and women and decreases with increasing age. Five-year net survival in men ranges from 96% in 15-49 year olds to 40% in 80-99 year-olds for patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer in England during 2009-2013.[1] In women, five-year survival ranges from 99% to 51% in the same age groups.

Thyroid Cancer (C73), Five-Year Net Survival by Age, England, 2009-2013

References

  1. Muller P, Belot A, Morris M, Rachet B, Cancer Research UK Cancer Survival Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Net survival and the probability of cancer death from rare cancers. Available from http://csg.lshtm.ac.uk/rare-cancers/. Accessed July 2016.

About this data

Data is for: England, 2009-2013, ICD-10 C73

Last reviewed:

Survival for thyroid cancer is strongly related to stage of the disease at diagnosis.

One-year net survival by stage

One-year net survival for thyroid cancer is highest for patients diagnosed at Stage 1, Stage 2, and lowest for those diagnosed at Stage 4, as 2013-2017 data for England show.[1] 100% of patients diagnosed at Stage 1, Stage 2 survived their disease for at least one year, compared to 77% of patients diagnosed at Stage 4.[1]

One year net survival for unknown or missing stage is 93%, while one year survival for unstageable cancer is 69%. Lack of staging information may in some cases reflect advanced stage at diagnosis as very unwell patients may not undergo staging tests if the invasiveness of the testing outweighs the potential benefit of obtaining stage information. Incomplete staging assessment may also be associated with socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of the patient [2]. Stage completeness for thyroid cancer was 67% in 2013-2017 [1].

One-year net survival is similar between the sexes at all available stages for comparison.

Net survival can be greater than 100% because it accounts for background mortality. Net survival greater than 100% indicates that patients in this group have a better chance of surviving one year after diagnosis compared with the general population.

Thyroid cancer one-year net survival by stage, with incidence by stage (all data: adults diagnosed 2013-2017, followed up to 2018)

References

  1. Office for National Statistics, Cancer survival by stage at diagnosis for England, 2019.
  2. Girolamo, C. et al, Characteristics of patients with missing information on stage: a population-based study of patients diagnosed with a colon, lung or breast cancer in England in 2013, BMC Cancer (2018) 18:492

About this data

Data is for: England, 2013 - 2017, ICD-10 C73.

Survival statistics give an overall picture of survival but the survival time experienced by an individual patient may be much higher or lower, depending on specific patient and tumour characteristics.

Last reviewed:

Five-year relative survival for thyroid cancer in men in England (77%) Wales (74%), Scotland (75%) and Northern Ireland (69%) are below the average for Europe (81%).[1] Across the European countries for which data is available, five-year relative survival in men ranges from 61% (Latvia) to 90% (Iceland).[1

Five-year relative survival for thyroid cancer in women in England (83%) is below the average for Europe (88%). Wales (78%) is also below the European average but Scotland (84%) and Northern Ireland (84%) are similar to the European average.[1] Across the European countries for which data is available, five-year relative survival in women ranges from 77% (Ireland) to 95% (Croatia).[1

Thyroid Cancer (C73.9), Age-Standardised Five-Year Relative Survival, Adults (Aged 15+), European Countries, 2000-2007

Data consists of both observed and predicted 5-year relative survival. Where sufficient follow-up was not available for recently diagnosed patients the period approach was used to predict 5-year cohort survival.

Possible explanations for persistent international differences in survival include differences in cancer biology, use of diagnostic tests and screening, stage at diagnosis, access to high-quality care, and data collection practices.[1]

References

  1. De Angelis R, Sant M, Coleman MP, et al. Cancer survival in Europe 1999-2007 by country and age: results of EUROCARE-5 a population-based study. Lancet Oncol 2014;15:23-34

About this data

Data is for: 29 European countries, patients diagnosed in 2000-2007 and followed up to 2008, thyroid gland cancer (C73.9).

Last reviewed:

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Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the many organisations across the UK which collect, analyse, and share the data which we use, and to the patients and public who consent for their data to be used. Find out more about the sources which are essential for our statistics.