3% of non-Hodgkin lymphoma cases in the UK are preventable.
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma risk is associated with a number of risk factors.[2,3]
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Risk Factors
|Increases risk ('sufficient' or 'convincing' evidence)||May increase risk ('limited' or 'probable' evidence)||Decreases risk ('sufficient' or 'convincing' evidence)||May decrease risk ('limited' or 'probable' evidence)|
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classification. World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) classification does not include non-Hodgkin lymphoma because it is not generally recognised to have a relationship to food, nutrition, and physical activity.
a Classification for ‘lymphoma’ not NHL specifically. b Classification for adult T-cell lymphoma. c Classification for primary effusion lymphoma. d Classification for low-grade B-cell mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) gastric lymphoma.
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- Brown KF, Rumgay H, Dunlop C, et al. The fraction of cancer attributable to known risk factors in England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and the UK overall in 2015. British Journal of Cancer 2018.
- Cogliano VJ, Baan R, Straif K, et al. Preventable Exposures Associated With Human Cancers. JNCI 2011;103(24):1827-39.
- World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research. Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective. Washington DC: AICR; 2007.