Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, 2016, UK

Proportion of all deaths

Percentage acute lymphoblastic leukaemia is of total cancer deaths, 2016, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia deaths, 2014-2016, UK

 

Trend over time

Change in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia mortality rates since the early 1970s, UK

Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia is not among the 20 most common causes of cancer death in the UK, accounting for less than 1% of all cancer deaths (2016).[1-3]

In males in the UK, acute lymphoblastic leukaemia is not among the 20 most common causes of cancer death (less than 1% of all male cancer deaths). In females in the UK it is not among the 20 most common causes of cancer death (less than 1% of all female cancer deaths).

57% of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia deaths in the UK are in males, and 43% are in females.

Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia mortality rates (European age-standardised (AS) rates Open a glossary item) are similar to the UK average in all the UK constituent countries.

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (C91.0), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2016

  England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland UK
Male Deaths 118 15 5 5 143
Crude Rate 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.4
AS Rate 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.7 0.5
AS Rate - 95% LCL 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.4
AS Rate - 95% UCL 0.5 0.9 0.6 1.2 0.5
Female Deaths 88 9 8 5 110
Crude Rate 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.3
AS Rate 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.3
AS Rate - 95% LCL 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3
AS Rate - 95% UCL 0.4 0.5 0.8 1.0 0.4
Persons Deaths 206 24 13 10 253
Crude Rate 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4
AS Rate 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.4
AS Rate - 95% LCL 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3
AS Rate - 95% UCL 0.4 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.4

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS Rate Open a glossary item

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2016, ICD-10 C91.0.

Last reviewed:

Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older people. In the UK in 2014-2016, on average each year around a fifth (21%) of deaths were in people aged 75 and over.[1-3] This is a much lower proportion of deaths in older age groups compared with most cancers.

Age-specific mortality rates rise steadily from birth and more steeply from around age 45-49. The highest rates are in the 85 to 89 age group for males and the 90+ age group for females.

Mortality rates are similar between males and females in most age groups. 

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (C91.0), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014-2016

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS Rate Open a glossary item

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2014-2016, ICD-10 C91.0.

Last reviewed:

Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item mortality rates for males and females combined decreased by 52% in the UK between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016.[1-3] The decrease was larger in males than in females.

For males, acute lymphoblastic leukaemia AS mortality rates in the UK decreased by 58% between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016. For females, acute lymphoblastic leukaemia AS mortality rates in the UK decreased by 45% between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2004-2006 and 2014-2016), acute lymphoblastic leukaemia AS mortality rates for males and females combined decreased by 21%. In males AS mortality rates decreased by 24%, and in females rates remained stable.

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (C91.0), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 1971-2016

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends. For example, rising mortality may reflect rising incidence and stable survival, while falling mortality may reflect rising incidence and rising survival.

Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia mortality rates have varied between age groups in males and females combined in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] Rates in 0-24s have decreased by 82%, in 25-49s have remained stable, in 50-59s have remained stable, in 60-69s have remained stable, in 70-79s have decreased by 40%, and in 80+s have decreased by 42%.

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (C91.0), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, By Age, UK, 1971-2016

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 1971-2016, ICD-10 C91.0.

Last reviewed:

There is no evidence for an association between acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) mortality and deprivation for either males or females in England.[1] England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates are similar for both males and females living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived.[1]

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (C91.0), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in ALL mortality between people living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011.[1

References

  1. Cancer Research UK and National Cancer Intelligence Network. Cancer by deprivation in England: Incidence, 1996-2010, Mortality, 1997-2011. London: NCIN; 2014.

About this data

Data is for: England, 2007-2011, ICD-10 C91.0

Deprivation gradient statistics were calculated using mortality data for 2007-2011. The deprivation quintiles were calculated using the Income domain scores from the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) from the following years: 2004, 2007 and 2010. Full details on the data and methodology can be found in the Cancer by Deprivation in England NCIN report.

Last reviewed:

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