99.8% of cervical cancer cases in the UK are preventable.
Cervical cancer is associated with a number of risk factors.[2,3]
Cervical Cancer Risk Factors
|Increases risk||Decreases risk|
|'Sufficient' or 'convincing' evidence||
|'Limited' or 'Probable' evidence||
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) classifications.
a IARC classifies evidence on in utero diethylstilbestrol exposure as sufficient for cervical adenocarcinoma; and as limited for cervical squamous cell carcinoma.
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- Brown KF, Rumgay H, Dunlop C, et al. The fraction of cancer attributable to known risk factors in England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and the UK overall in 2015. British Journal of Cancer 2018.
- International Agency for Research on Cancer. List of Classifications by cancer sites with sufficient or limited evidence in humans, Volumes 1 to 117. Accessed January 2017.
- World Cancer Research Fund / American Institute for Cancer Research. Continuous Update Project Findings & Reports. Accessed October 2016.