Benefits if you are on a low income or unable to work
There is financial support available if you have cancer and are unable to work or have a low income.
Statutory Sick Pay (SSP)
Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) is a benefit for employed people who become sick and who can't work.
Statutory Sick Pay is not means tested. To qualify, you must be employed and earning an average of at least £120 per week. You have to be unable to work for any 4 or more days in a row, including weekends and bank holidays. Agency workers can also claim SSP.
You will only be paid SSP for days that you are contracted to work. For example, you will not be paid for weekends if you work Monday to Friday.
Employment and Support Allowance (ESA)
If you're ill or disabled, Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) benefit offers you:
- financial support if you're unable to work
- help so that you can work if you're able to
Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) is for people under the State Pension age. You need to have a disability or health condition that affects how much you can work.
You qualify whether you're in or out of work. But certain conditions around work might affect your claim of ESA.
Universal Credit (UC)
Universal Credit is a payment that helps you with living costs. You can claim it if you're on a low income, out of work or you can’t work.
The government has been introducing Universal Credit gradually since April 2013. It’s replacing these following benefits:
- Income based Job Seekers Allowance
- Income related Employment and Support Allowance
- Income Support
- Child Tax Credits
- Working Tax Credits
- Housing Benefit
You don't have to do anything if you're currently getting any of these benefits. But you should act if:
- your circumstances change
- the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) asks you to change to Universal Credit
Tax credits will stop if you or your partner applies for Universal Credit.
Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA)
Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA) is a benefit that can support you while you're looking for work.
You can no longer apply for contribution-based or income-based JSA. You can apply for 'new style' JSA instead.
To qualify you will need to have:
- worked as an employee
- made Class 1 National Insurance contributions in the last 2 to 3 years
Tax credits are pay outs by Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs (HMRC) that give extra money to people who need it.
Tax credits are seen as benefits, although they differ from other benefits. HMRC base them on how much you earn and your circumstances. But unlike other benefits, you have to renew your tax credit claim every tax year.
There are two tax credits:
Working Tax Credit (WTC)
- WTC is for employed or self employed people on a low income
- you can only apply for WTC if you're already getting Child Tax Credit. If you cannot apply for WTC, you can apply for Universal Credit. If you and your partner are State Pension age or over, you might qualify for Pension Credit
Child Tax Credit (CTC)
- CTC is for people who have children and is paid on top of child benefit
- you can only apply for CTC if you're already getting Working Tax Credit. If you cannot apply for CTC, you can apply for Universal Credit. If you and your partner are State Pension age or over, you might qualify for Pension Credit
Council Tax Reduction
Council Tax Reduction is a benefit that can help you pay your council tax if you are on a low income or getting certain benefits. Since April 2013, Council Tax Reduction replaced Council Tax Benefit.
There is a different scheme in Northern Ireland.
Where to get advice
You can get help and advice on benefits from the following people:
- a hospital or community social worker - they can give you advice on benefits and help you deal with debts
- a welfare rights adviser at a hospital
- Citizens Advice - their advisers can help with filling out benefit forms
- The Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) provide their service through Jobcentre Plus offices. They deal with benefits for people who are unemployed, or who can’t work because of a health condition or a disability
In Northern Ireland, the Department of Communities (DfC) deals with benefits and pensions. For Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA) and Income Support in Northern Ireland, you need to contact your Jobs and Benefits office.
Macmillan Cancer Support
Macmillan Cancer Support provides support and guidance on how to deal with the financial impact of cancer.
You can contact their team of trained Welfare Rights Advisors (Monday-Friday 8am-8pm) or Financial Guides (Monday-Friday 8am-6pm) on 0808 808 0000.