Anal cancer statistics

Cases

New cases of anal cancer, 2011, UK

Deaths

Deaths from anal cancer, 2012, UK

Prevention

Preventable cases of anal cancer, UK

  • Around 1,200 people were diagnosed with anal cancer in 2011 in the UK, that's more than 3 people every day.
  • Anal cancer is more common in women than menthe male:female ratio of cases is 10:18.
  • Half of anal cancer cases occur in people aged 65 and over.
  • Anal cancer incidence rates have tripled in men since the mid-1970s, and have increased almost five-fold in women.

Read more in-depth anal cancer incidence statistics

  • Around 310 people died from anal cancer in 2012 in the UK, that's almost one person every day.
  • More than four in ten of all anal cancer deaths occur in people aged 75 and over.
  • Anal cancer mortality rates have quadrupled since the early 1970s.

Read more in-depth anal cancer mortality statistics

  • 90% of anal cancer cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors.
  • A person's risk of developing anal cancer depends on many factors, including age, genetics, and exposure to risk factors (including some potentially avoidable lifestyle factors).
  • The main potentially avoidable risk factor for anal cancer is human papillomavirus (HPV) infection (linked to an estimated 90% of anal cancer cases in the UK); some other factors may relate to anal cancer risk partly because they are related to HPV.
  • The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) also causes anal cancer, internationally-recognised classifications state.
  • Other factors including smoking, previous vulval or cervical precancerous lesions, and receipt of organ transplant have been studied, but there is not enough good-quality evidence to classify these factors in relation to anal cancer risk.

Read more in-depth anal cancer risk factors

The latest statistics available for anal cancer in the UK are; incidence 2011 and mortality 2011. Reliable survival data for the UK is currently not available.

The ICD code Open a glossary item for anal cancer is ICD-10 C21.

Meta-analyses Open a glossary item and systematic reviews Open a glossary item are cited where available, as they provide the best overview of all available research and most take study quality into account. Individual case-control Open a glossary item and cohort studies Open a glossary item are reported where such aggregated data are lacking.

See information and explanations on terminology used for statistics and reporting of cancer, and the methods used to calculate some of the statistics are also available.

Acknowledgements

We would like to acknowledge the essential work of the cancer registries in the United Kingdom and Ireland Association of Cancer Registries, without which there would be no data.

Citation

You are welcome to reuse this Cancer Research UK statistics content for your own work.

Credit us as authors by referencing Cancer Research UK as the primary source. Suggested styles are:

Web content: Cancer Research UK, full URL of the page, Accessed [month] [year]. 

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