- Around 1,200 people were diagnosed with anal cancer in 2011 in the UK, that's more than 3 people every day.
- Anal cancer is more common in women than men, the male:female ratio of cases is 10:18.
- Half of anal cancer cases occur in people aged 65 and over.
- Anal cancer incidence rates have tripled in men since the mid-1970s, and have increased almost five-fold in women.
Anal cancer statistics
New cases of anal cancer, 2011, UK
Deaths from anal cancer, 2012, UK
Preventable cases of anal cancer, UK
- Around 310 people died from anal cancer in 2012 in the UK, that's almost one person every day.
- More than four in ten of all anal cancer deaths occur in people aged 75 and over.
- Anal cancer mortality rates have quadrupled since the early 1970s.
- 90% of anal cancer cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors.
- A person's risk of developing anal cancer depends on many factors, including age, genetics, and exposure to risk factors (including some potentially avoidable lifestyle factors).
- The main potentially avoidable risk factor for anal cancer is human papillomavirus (HPV) infection (linked to an estimated 90% of anal cancer cases in the UK); some other factors may relate to anal cancer risk partly because they are related to HPV.
- The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) also causes anal cancer, internationally-recognised classifications state.
- Other factors including smoking, previous vulval or cervical precancerous lesions, and receipt of organ transplant have been studied, but there is not enough good-quality evidence to classify these factors in relation to anal cancer risk.
The latest statistics available for anal cancer in the UK are; incidence 2011 and mortality 2011. Reliable survival data for the UK is currently not available.
See information and explanations on terminology used for statistics and reporting of cancer, and the methods used to calculate some of the statistics are also available.
We would like to acknowledge the essential work of the cancer registries in the United Kingdom and Ireland Association of Cancer Registries, without which there would be no data.
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