90% of anal cancer cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors.
Anal cancer risk is associated with a number of risk factors.[2,3]
Anal Cancer Risk Factors
|Increases risk ('sufficient' or 'convincing' evidence)||May increase risk ('limited' or 'probable' evidence)||Decreases risk ('sufficient' or 'convincing' evidence)||May decrease risk ('limited' or 'probable' evidence)|
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classification. World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) classification does not include testicular cancer because the evidence is very limited.
- Parkin DM. Cancers attributable to infection in the UK in 2010. Br J Cancer 2011;105(S2):S49-S56.
- International Agency for Research on Cancer. List of Classifications by cancer sites with sufficient or limited evidence in humans, Volumes 1 to 105*. Available from: http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Classification/index.php. Accessed May 2014.
- World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research. Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective. Washington DC: AICR; 2007.