Anal cancer mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from anal cancer, 2014, UK

 

Proportion of all deaths

Percentage anal cancer is of total cancer deaths, 2014, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of anal cancer deaths, 2012-2014, UK

 

Trend over time

Anal cancer mortality rates have increased by 288% since the early 1970s, UK

 

Anal cancer accounts for less than 1% of all cancer deaths in the UK (2014) for both males and females.[1-3]

In 2014, there were 358 anal cancer deaths in the UK: 143 (40%) in males and 215 (60%) in females, giving a male:female ratio of around 7:10.[1-3] The crude mortality rate Open a glossary item shows that there is less than 1 anal cancer death for every 100,000 males in the UK, and less than 1 for every 100,000 females.

The European age-standardised mortality rates Open a glossary item (AS rates) is significantly higher in Scotland compared with England for females only.[1-3] There are no significant differences between the other constituent countries of the UK for either sex.

Anal Cancer (C21), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014

England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland UK
Male Deaths 115 9 16 3 143
Crude Rate 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.4
AS Rate 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6
AS Rate - 95% LCL 0.4 0.2 0.4 -0.1 0.5
AS Rate - 95% UCL 0.6 1.0 1.1 1.3 0.6
Female Deaths 166 9 34 6 215
Crude Rate 0.6 0.6 1.2 0.6 0.7
AS Rate 0.6 0.5 1.2 0.7 0.7
AS Rate - 95% LCL 0.5 0.2 0.8 0.1 0.6
AS Rate - 95% UCL 0.7 0.9 1.6 1.3 0.7
Persons Deaths 281 18 50 9 358
Crude Rate 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.6
AS Rate 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.6 0.6
AS Rate - 95% LCL 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.2 0.5
AS Rate - 95% UCL 0.6 0.8 1.3 1.0 0.7

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS rate Open a glossary item

Anal cancer mortality rates throughout the UK show very little variation between health boundaries for both males and females.[4]

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
  4. UK Cancer Information Service version 4.5b 001. Data extracted on 10/09/2013.
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Anal cancer mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older males and females. In the UK in 2012-2014, on average each year almost half (48%) of deaths were in people aged 75 and over.[1-3]

Age-specific mortality rates rise steadily from around age 40-44 and more sharply from around age 70-74, with the highest rates in the 90+ age group. Mortality rates are similar between males and females in all age groups.[1-3]

Anal Cancer (C21), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates, UK, 2012-2014

For most cancer types, mortality by age largely reflects incidence and survival by age, e.g. typically, higher incidence and lower survival in older people results in higher mortality in older people.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015.Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
Last reviewed:

Anal cancer mortality rates have increased by 288% in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] This includes a larger overall increase for females than males.

For males, European age standardised Open a glossary item (AS) mortality rates increased by 242% between 1971-1973 and 2012-2014. For females, rates increased by 332% in this period.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2003-2005 and 2012-2014), anal cancer AS mortality rates have remained stable in the UK, for males and females combined and separately.[1-3]

Anal Cancer (C21), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK, 1971-2014

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends, e.g. increased incidence without sufficient survival improvement results in increased mortality.

Anal cancer mortality rates have increased overall for males in all of the broad adult age groups in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] The largest increase has been in males aged 25-49, with rates rising by 988% between 1971-1973 and 2012-2014.

Anal Cancer (C21), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Age, Males, UK, 1971-2014

As with males, anal cancer mortality rates have increased overall for females in all of the broad adult age groups in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3]  The largest increase in mortality rates has been in females aged 60-69, with rates rising by 532% between 1971-1973 and 2012-2014.

Anal Cancer (C21), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Age, Females UK, 1971-2014

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
Last reviewed:

There is evidence for an association between anal cancer mortality and deprivation for both males and females in England (though the association is stronger for males).[1] England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates are 134% higher for males living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived, and 85% higher for females.[1]

Anal Cancer (C21), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in anal cancer mortality between people living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011.[1] It has been estimated that there would have been around 70 fewer cancer deaths each year in England during 2007-2011 if all people experienced the same mortality rates as the least deprived.[1]

Last reviewed:

Cancer Statistics Explained

See information and explanations on terminology used for statistics and reporting of cancer, and the methods used to calculate some of our statistics.

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