Lung cancer mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from lung cancer, 2016, UK

Proportion of all deaths

Percentage lung cancer  is of total cancer deaths, 2016, UK

Age

Peak rate of lung cancer deaths, 2014-2016, UK

 

Trend over time

Lung cancer mortality rates have changed differently for each sex since the early 1970s, UK

Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer death in the UK, accounting for 21% of all cancer deaths (2016).[1-3]

In males in the UK, lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer death (22% of all male cancer deaths). In females in the UK it is the most common cause of cancer death (21% of all female cancer deaths).

54% of lung cancer deaths in the UK are in males, and 46% are in females.

Lung cancer mortality rates (European age-standardised (AS) rates) Open a glossary item for persons are significantly higher than the UK average in Northern Ireland and Scotland, significantly lower than the UK average in England, and similar to the UK average in Wales.

Lung Cancer (C33-C34), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2016

  England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland UK
Male Deaths 15614 2081 1062 557 19314
Crude Rate 57.2 79.2 69.2 60.9 59.7
AS Rate 68.9 93.0 74.0 81.7 71.5
AS Rate - 95% LCL 67.9 89.0 69.6 74.9 70.5
AS Rate - 95% UCL 70.0 97.0 78.5 88.5 72.5
Female Deaths 12952 1954 895 505 16306
Crude Rate 46.3 70.4 56.7 53.3 49.0
AS Rate 47.1 68.4 51.7 59.2 49.5
AS Rate - 95% LCL 46.3 65.4 48.3 54.1 48.7
AS Rate - 95% UCL 47.9 71.5 55.1 64.4 50.2
Persons Deaths 28566 4035 1957 1062 35620
Crude Rate 51.7 74.7 62.9 57.0 54.3
AS Rate 56.6 78.7 61.5 68.6 59.0
AS Rate - 95% LCL 55.9 76.3 58.8 64.5 58.4
AS Rate - 95% UCL 57.2 81.1 64.2 72.7 59.6

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS Rate Open a glossary item 
 

For lung cancer, there are mortality differences between countries despite there being no such differences in incidence.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2016, ICD-10 C33-C34.

Last reviewed:

Lung cancer mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older people. In the UK in 2014-2016, on average each year almost half (48%) of deaths were in people aged 75 and over.[1-3] This largely reflects higher incidence and lower survival for lung cancer in older people.

Age-specific mortality rates rise steeply from around age 45-49. The highest rates are in the 85 to 89 age group for males and females.

Mortality rates are significantly higher in males than females in a number of (mainly older) age groups. The gap is widest at age 90+, when the age-specific mortality rate is 2.1 times higher in males than females.

Lung Cancer (C33-C34), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014-2016

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS Rate Open a glossary item

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2014-2016, ICD-10 C33-C34.

Last reviewed:

Lung cancer European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item mortality rates for males and females combined decreased by 26% in the UK between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016.[1-3] The change varied markedly between sexes.

For males, lung cancer AS mortality rates in the UK decreased by 55% between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016. For females, lung cancer AS mortality rates in the UK increased by 87% between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2004-2006 and 2014-2016), lung cancer AS mortality rates for males and females combined decreased by 9%.[1-3] In males AS mortality rates decreased by 19%, and in females rates increased by 2%.

Lung Cancer (ICD-10 C33-C34), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 1971-2016

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends. For example, rising mortality may reflect rising incidence and stable survival, while falling mortality may reflect rising incidence and rising survival.

Lung cancer mortality rates have decreased overall in most broad adult age groups in males in the UK since the early 1970s, but have increased in some.[1-3] Rates in 25-49s have decreased by 79%, in 50-59s have decreased by 76%, in 60-69s have decreased by 69%, in 70-79s have decreased by 56%, and in 80+s have increased by 4%.

Lung Cancer (ICD-10 C33-C34), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, By Age, Males, UK, 1971-2016

Lung cancer mortality rates have increased overall in some broad adult age groups in females in the UK since the early 1970s, but have decreased in others.[1-3] Rates in 25-49s have decreased by 55%, in 50-59s have decreased by 19%, in 60-69s have increased by 51%, in 70-79s have increased by 154%, and in 80+s have increased by 261%.

Lung Cancer (ICD-10 C33-C34), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, By Age, Females, UK, 1971-2016

Lung cancer mortality trends by age between 1950 and 1970 show the early stages of the patterns seen in the data from 1971 onwards: rates peaked and then started to fall in the youngest age groups first, with each subsequent age group then peaking and falling one after the other. [4-6] This reflects trends by age in smoking prevalence, and reliable cancer incidence data are not available pre-1970s so mortality data from the 1950s and 1960s is important evidence of the association between cigarette smoking trends and lung cancer trends. The drop in general population smoking rates over time is driven by never-smokers not starting smoking, rather than current smokers quitting; younger age groups had their peak smoking rates earlier in the 20th century and have since been increasingly less likely to smoke, while older age groups started smoking at a young age and never gave up, so their smoking rates began to fall only when smokers began to die. 

Lung Cancer (C33-C34) European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates and Smoking Prevalence, Great Britain, 1948-2016

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.
  4. Swerdlow AJ, dos Santos Silva I, and Doll R. Cancer Incidence and Mortality in England Wales: trends and risk factors. 2001: Oxford University Press.
  5. Doll R and Hill AB. Smoking and carcinoma of the lung. Preliminary report. British  Medical Journal 1950:739-48.
  6. Quinn M, Babb P, Brock A et al. Cancer Trends in England Wales 1950-1999. Vol. SMPS No. 66. 2001: TSO.

About this data

Data is for UK, 1971-2016, ICD-10 C33-C34.

Last reviewed:

Lung cancer mortality rates are projected to fall by 21% in the UK between 2014 and 2035, to 58 deaths per 100,000 people by 2035.[1] This includes a larger decrease for males than for females.

For males, lung cancer European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item mortality rates in the UK are projected to fall by 28% between 2014 and 2035, to 65 deaths per 100,000 by 2035.[1] For females, rates are projected to fall by 14% between 2014 and 2035, to 52 deaths per 100,000 by 2035.[1]

Lung cancer (C33-C34), Observed and Projected Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Sex, UK, 1979-2035

It is projected that 41,831 deaths from lung cancer (22,227 in males, 19,604 in females) will occur in the UK in 2035.

References

  1. Smittenaar CR, Petersen KA, Stewart K, Moitt N. Cancer Incidence and Mortality Projections in the UK Until 2035. Brit J Cancer 2016.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 1979-2014 (observed), 2015-2035 (projected), ICD-10 C33-C34

Projections are based on observed incidence and mortality rates and therefore implicitly include changes in cancer risk factors, diagnosis and treatment. It is not possible to assess the statistical significance of changes between 2014 (observed) and 2035 (projected) figures. Confidence intervals are not calculated for the projected figures. Projections are by their nature uncertain because unexpected events in future could change the trend. It is not sensible to calculate a boundary of uncertainty around these already uncertain point estimates. Changes are described as 'increase' or 'decrease' if there is any difference between the point estimates.

More on projections methodology

Last reviewed:

There is evidence for a strong association between lung cancer mortality and deprivation for both males and females in England.[1] England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates are 170% higher for males living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived, and 176% higher for females.[1]

Lung Cancer (C33-C44), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in lung cancer mortality between people living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011. It has been estimated that there would have been around 9,900 fewer lung cancer deaths each year in England during 2007-2011 if all people experienced the same mortality rates as the least deprived.[1]

References

  1. Cancer Research UK and National Cancer Intelligence Network. Cancer by deprivation in England:  Incidence, 1996-2010, Mortality, 1997-2011. London: NCIN; 2014.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 2007-2011, ICD-10 (C33-C44)

Deprivation gradient statistics were calculated using mortality data for 2007-2011. The deprivation quintiles were calculated using the Income domain scores from the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) from the following years: 2004, 2007 and 2010. Full details on the data and methodology can be found in the Cancer by Deprivation in England NCIN report.

Last reviewed:

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