2% (3% in males and less than 1% in females) of eye cancer cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors.
Eye cancer risk is associated with a number of risk factors.[2,3]
Eye Cancer Risk Factors
|Increases risk||Decreases risk|
|'Sufficient' or 'convincing' evidence||
|'Limited' or 'Probable' evidence||
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classification. World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) classification does not include eye cancer because it is not generally recognised to have a relationship to food, nutrition, and physical activity.
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- Parkin DM, Boyd L, Walker LC. The fraction of cancer attributable to lifestyle and environmental factors in the UK in 2010. Summary and conclusions. Br J Cancer 2011; 105 (S2):S77-S81.
- International Agency for Research on Cancer. List of Classifications by cancer sites with sufficient or limited evidence in humans, Volumes 1 to 118. Accessed June 2017.
World Cancer Research Fund International/American Institute for Cancer Research. Continuous Update Project Findings & Reports. Accessed June 2017.