Eye cancer incidence statistics

Cases

New cases of eye cancer, 2015, UK

 

Proportion of all cases

Percentage eye cancer is of total cancer cases, 2015, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of eye cancer cases, 2013-2015, UK

Trend over time

Change in eye cancer incidence rates since the early 1990s, UK

Eye cancer is not among the 20 most common cancers in the UK, accounting for less than 1% of all new cancer cases (2015).[1-4]

In males in the UK, eye cancer is not among the 20 most common cancers (less than 1% of all new male cancer cases). In females in the UK it is not among the 20 most common cancers (less than 1% of all new female cancer cases).

53% of eye cancer cases in the UK are in males, and 47% are in females.

Eye cancer incidence rates (European age-standardised (AS) rates Open a glossary item ) for persons are significantly lower than the UK average in Northern Ireland, and similar to the UK average in all other UK constituent countries.

Eye Cancer (C69), Number of New Cases, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2015

  England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland UK
Male Cases 343 26 18 1 388
Crude Rate 1.3 1.0 1.2 0.1 1.2
AS Rate 1.4 1.1 1.3 0.1 1.3
AS Rate - 95% LCI 1.3 0.7 0.7 -0.1 1.2
AS Rate - 95% UCI 1.5 1.5 1.8 0.3 1.5
Female Cases 301 27 20 2 350
Crude Rate 1.1 1.0 1.3 0.2 1.1
AS Rate 1.1 1.0 1.2 0.2 1.1
AS Rate - 95% LCI 1.0 0.6 0.7 -0.1 1.0
AS Rate - 95% UCI 1.2 1.4 1.8 0.6 1.2
Persons Cases 644 53 38 3 738
Crude Rate 1.2 1.0 1.2 0.2 1.1
AS Rate 1.2 1.0 1.2 0.2 1.2
AS Rate - 95% LCI 1.2 0.7 0.8 -0.0 1.1
AS Rate - 95% UCI 1.3 1.3 1.6 0.4 1.3

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item  around the AS Rate Open a glossary item 
 

For eye cancer, there are few established risk factors therefore differences between countries largely reflect differences in diagnosis and data recording.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, August 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2015, ICD-10 C69.

Last reviewed:

Eye cancer incidence is strongly related to age, with the highest incidence rates being in older people. In the UK in 2013-2015, on average each year almost a quarter (23%) of new cases were in people aged 75 and over.[1-4

Age-specific incidence rates fall between age 0-4 and age 5-9, then remain stable through childhood and young adulthood. Rates rise steadily from around age 20-24 to age 45-49, and then rise more steeply in males and less steeply in females. The highest rates are in the 85 to 89 age group for males and the 80 to 84 age group for females.

Incidence rates are similar between males and females in most age groups.

Eye Cancer (C69), Average Number of New Cases per Year and Age-Specific Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2013-2015

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item  around the AS Rate Open a glossary item
 

For eye cancer, like most cancer types, incidence increases with age. This largely reflects cell DNA damage accumulating over time. Damage can result from biological processes or from exposure to risk factors. A drop or plateau in incidence in the oldest age groups often indicates reduced diagnostic activity perhaps due to general ill health.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, August 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2013-2015, ICD-10 C69.

Last reviewed:

Eye cancer European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item incidence rates for males and females combined increased by 14% in the UK between 1993-1995 and 2013-2015.[1-4] The change was of a similar size in males and females.

For males, eye cancer AS incidence rates in the UK remained stable between 1993-1995 and 2013-2015. For females, eye cancer AS incidence rates in the UK remained stable between 1993-1995 and 2013-2015.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2003-2005 and 2013-2015), eye cancer AS incidence rates for males and females combined increased by 25%. In males AS incidence rates increased by 22%, and in females rates increased by 28%.

Eye Cancer (C69), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, UK, 1993-2015

Eye cancer incidence rates have remained stable overall in some broad age groups in males and females combined in the UK since the early 1990s, but have increased in others.[1-4] Rates in 0-24s have remained stable, in 25-49s have increased by 36%, in 50-59s have remained stable, in 60-69s have increased by 27%, in 70-79s have remained stable, and in 80+s have remained stable.

Eye Cancer (C69), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, By Age, UK, 1993-2015

For eye cancer there are few established risk factors, therefore increasing incidence in the 1980s and 1990s may largely reflect improvements in diagnosis and data recording.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, August 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 1993-2015, ICD-10 C69.

Last reviewed:

Most eye cancer cases occur in the choroid Open a glossary item, with much smaller proportions in the conjunctiva Open a glossary item, ciliary body and retina (2010-2012).[1-4]

The proportion of cases in each part is similar between males and females.[1-4]

A small proportion of cases did not have the specific part of the eye recorded in cancer registry data, or overlapped more than one part.[1-4]

Cases and percentages may not sum due to rounding

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, July 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/vsob1/cancer-statistics-registrations--england--series-mb1-/index.html.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, April 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit on request, April 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wales.nhs.uk/sites3/page.cfm?orgid=242&pid=59080.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, June 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/CancerInformation/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2010-2012, ICD-10 C69.

Last reviewed:

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