Staging means the size of the cancer and whether it has spread. Doctors can use a number system (stages 1 to 4) or the TNM system to stage your cancer. TNM stands for Tumour, Node, Metastases.
This information is about stage 2 from the number staging system.
In the number staging system, stage 2 means that the cancer has started to spread beyond the pancreas into surrounding tissues or nearby lymph nodes.
Stage 2A means the cancer has started to grow into nearby tissues around the pancreas. It may be in the duodenum or the bile duct. But there is no cancer in the nearby large blood vessels or lymph nodes. This means that, although the cancer has been growing locally, there is a chance that it may not have spread through the blood or lymph systems.
In TNM staging, this is the same as T3, N0, M0.
Stage 2B means the cancer can be any size and may have grown into the tissues surrounding the pancreas. Cancer is also found in the nearby lymph nodes, but not the large blood vessels.
In TNM staging, this is the same as T1, 2 or 3, N1, M0.