Malignant melanoma is the fifth most common cancer in the UK (2012), accounting for 4% of all new cases. In males and females separately, malignant melanoma is the sixth most common cancer (4% each of the male and female total).[1-4]
In 2012, there were 13,497 new cases of malignant melanoma in the UK: 6,602 (49%) in men and 6,895 (51%) in women, giving a male: female ratio of around 10:10.[1-4] The
Malignant Melanoma (C43), Number of New Cases, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2012
|AS Rate - 95% LCL||24.2||23.7||22.6||19.0||24.2|
|AS Rate - 95% UCL||25.5||29.1||26.8||26.2||25.4|
|AS Rate - 95% LCL||21.4||18.3||21.2||19.7||21.5|
|AS Rate - 95% UCL||22.6||22.7||24.7||26.2||22.5|
|AS Rate - 95% LCL||22.6||21.4||22.0||19.9||22.6|
|AS Rate - 95% UCL||23.4||24.8||24.7||24.6||23.4|
95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper
ASR calculated with ESP2013. Not comparable with ASRs calculated with ESP1976.
The Cancer Atlas for the UK and Ireland 1991-2000, which analysed rates at local authority and health board level, showed that male and female malignant melanoma incidence rates have a very similar geographical distribution. The highest rates for both sexes occur in south west England and in the densely populated belt of Scotland, from Glasgow in the west to Edinburgh in the east.
Similarly the latest analysis of malignant melanoma incidence rates across the former cancer networks throughout the UK reports significantly higher rates in the south and south west regions of England, whilst the incidence rates for areas of London are significantly lower than all other cancer networks.[6,7] The lower rates in London reflect the higher proportions of people from non-white ethnic groups, in whom melanoma risk is lower.
- Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, July 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/search/index.html?newquery=cancer+registrations
- Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, April 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp
- Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit on request, April 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wales.nhs.uk/sites3/page.cfm?orgid=242&pid=59080
- Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, June 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/
- Quinn M, Wood H, Cooper N, et al, eds. Cancer Atlas of the United Kingdom and Ireland 1991–2000 Studies on Medical and Population Subjects No. 68. London: ONS; 2005.
- National Cancer Intelligence Network (NCIN). Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Cancer Network, UK, 2005. London: NCIN; 2008.
- National Cancer Intelligence Network (NCIN). Cancer e-Atlas
- Office for National Statistics. 2011 Census, Key Statistics for Local Authorities in England and Wales.