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Leukaemia (all subtypes combined) statistics
New cases of leukaemia, 2015, UK
Deaths from leukaemia, 2014, UK
Survive leukaemia for 10 or more years, 2010-11, England and Wales
Preventable cases of leukaemia, UK
- There are around 9,900 new leukaemia cases in the UK every year, that's 27 every day (2013-2015).
- Leukaemia is the 12th most common cancer in the UK, accounting for 3% of all new cancer cases (2015).
- In males in the UK, leukaemia is the 10th most common cancer, with around 5,900 new cases in 2015.
- In females in the UK, leukaemia is the 12th most common cancer, with around 4,000 new cases in 2015.
- Incidence rates for leukaemia in the UK are highest in people aged 85 to 89 (2013-2015).
- Since the early 1990s, leukaemia incidence rates have increased by around a sixth (18%) in the UK. Rates in males have increased by around a seventh (15%), and rates in females have increased by around a seventh (14%).
- Over the last decade, leukaemia incidence rates have increased by around a tenth (9%) in the UK. Rates in males have increased by almost a tenth (8%), and rates in females have increased by around a twentieth (7%).
- Incidence rates for leukaemia are projected to rise by 5% in the UK between 2014 and 2035, to 19 cases per 100,000 people by 2035.
- 1 in 63 men and 1 in 94 women will be diagnosed with leukaemia during their lifetime.
- Leukaemia is more common in White and Black males than in Asian males.
- Leukaemia is more common in White females than in Asian or Black females.
- In the UK around 27,100 people were still alive at the end of 2006, up to ten years after being diagnosed with leukaemia (all subtypes combined).
- In Europe, around 82,300 new cases of leukaemia were estimated to have been diagnosed in 2012. The UK incidence rate is 14th highest in Europe for males and 19th lowest for females.
- Worldwide, around 352,000 people were estimated to have been diagnosed with leukaemia in 2012, with incidence rates varying across the world.
- There were around 4,600 leukaemia deaths in the UK in 2014, that’s 13 deaths every day.
- Leukaemia is the 11th most common cause of cancer death in the UK (2014).
- Leukaemia accounts for 3% of all cancer deaths in the UK (2014).
- In males in the UK, leukaemia is the 11th most common cause of cancer death, with around 2,700 deaths in 2014.
- In females in the UK, leukaemia is the 11th most common cause of cancer death, with around 1,900 deaths in 2014.
- Almost 6 in 10 (57%) leukaemia deaths in the UK each year are in people aged 75 and over (2012-2014).
- Mortality rates for leukaemia in the UK are highest in people aged 90+ (2012-2014).
- Since the early 1970s, leukaemia mortality rates have remained stable in the UK, for males and females combined and separately.
- Over the last decade, leukaemia mortality rates have decreased by around a twentieth (4%) in the UK. The decrease is similar in males (5%) and females (5%).
- Mortality rates for leukaemia are projected to fall by 18% in the UK between 2014 and 2035, to 8 deaths per 100,000 people by 2035.
- In Europe, around 53,800 people were estimated to have died from leukaemia in 2012. The UK mortality rate is 12th lowest in Europe for males and ninth lowest for females.
- Worldwide, more than 265,000 people died from leukaemia in 2012, with mortality rates varying across the world.
- Almost half (46%) of people diagnosed with leukaemia in England and Wales survive their disease for ten years or more (2010-11).
- More than half (52%) of people diagnosed with leukaemia in England and Wales survive their disease for five years or more (2010-11).
- Around 7 in 10 (69%) people diagnosed with leukaemia in England and Wales survive their disease for one year or more (2010-11).
- Leukaemia survival is higher in men than women.
- More than 7 in 10 people in England diagnosed with leukaemia aged 40-49 survive their disease for five years or more, compared with around a quarter of people diagnosed aged 80 and over (2009-2013).
- Leukaemia survival is improving and has more than quadrupled in the last 40 years in the UK.
- In the 1970s, more than 5 in 100 of people diagnosed with leukaemia survived their disease beyond ten years, now it's almost half.
- A person’s risk of developing cancer depends on many factors, including age, genetics, and exposure to risk factors (including some potentially avoidable lifestyle factors).
- 15% of leukaemia (all subtypes combined) cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors.
- Leukaemia risk factors differ by disease subtype, but ionising radiation is linked with most subtypes (except chronic lymphocytic leukaemia).
- An estimated 15% of leukaemia cases overall in the UK are linked to lifestyle factors including ionising radiation (9%), smoking (6%), and certain occupational exposures (1%).
- Other factors may relate to higher risk of certain leukaemia subtypes but evidence is overall unclear.
- ‘Two-week wait’ and ’31-day wait’ standards are met by all countries, and ‘62-day wait’ is not met by any country for haematological cancers.
The latest statistics available for leukaemia (all subtypes combined) in the UK are; incidence 2015, mortality 2014 and survival 2010-2011 (all ages combined) and 2009-2013 (by age).
Leukaemia statistics specifically for children and teenagers and young adults are also provided.
The term 'leukaemia' covers cancers of the white blood cells and bone marrow. Statistics for the four main subtypes of leukaemia are also provided: acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, acute myeloid leukaemia and chronic myeloid leukaemia. These types differ substantially in their cellular origin and clinical behaviour. As such it is important to recognise this when interpreting statistics on mortality from the group 'leukaemia' as a whole.
European Age-Standardised Rates were calculated using the 1976 European Standard Population (ESP) unless otherwise stated as calculated with ESP2013. ASRs calculated with ESP2013 are not comparable with ASRs calculated with ESP1976.
Lifetime risk estimates were calculated using incidence, mortality, population and all-cause mortality data for 2012.
Survival statistics give an overall picture of survival and (unless otherwise stated) include all adults (15-99) diagnosed, at all ages,
Cancer waiting times statistics are for patients who entered the health care system within financial year 2014-15. Leukaemia is part of the group 'Haematological cancers' for cancer waiting times data. Codes vary per country but broadly include: Hodgkin lymphoma, follicular and non-follicular lymphoma, mature T/NK-cell lymphoma, other and unspecified types of NHL, other and unspecified types of T/NK-cell lymphoma, malignant immunoproliferative diseases, myeloma, lymphoid, myeloid and monocytic leukaemia, some other leukaemia of specific or unspecified cell type, and other and unspecified malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, haematopoietic and related tissue. Acute leukaemia is presented separately.
Patient Experience data is for adult patients in England with a primary diagnosis of cancer, who were in active treatment between September and November 2013 and who completed a survey in 2014.
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