Leukaemia (all subtypes combined) mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from leukaemia, 2014, UK

 

Proportion of all deaths

Percentage leukaemia is of total cancer deaths, 2014, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of leukaemia deaths, 2012-2014, UK

 

Trend over time

Leukaemia mortality rates have remained stable since the early 1970s, UK

 

 

Leukaemia (all subtypes combined) is the 11th most common cause of cancer death in the UK (2014), accounting for 3% of all cancer deaths.[1-3] In males, it is the 11th most common cause of cancer death (3% of all male cancer deaths), whilst it is the 11th most common cause of cancer death in females (3% of all female cancer deaths).[1-3]

In 2014, there were 4,584 leukaemia deaths in the UK: 2,656 (58%) in males and 1,928 (42%) in females, giving a male:female ratio of around 14:10.[1-3] The crude mortality rate Open a glossary item shows that there are 8 leukaemia deaths for every 100,000 males in the UK, and 6 for every 100,000 females.

The European age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates (AS rates) do not differ significantly between the constituent countries of the UK for either sex.[1-3]

Leukaemia (C91-C95), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014

England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland UK
Male Deaths 2,233 144 210 69 2,656
Crude Rate 8.3 9.5 8.1 7.6 8.4
AS Rate 10.5 10.8 10.1 11.0 10.5
AS Rate - 95% LCL 10.1 9.0 8.7 8.4 10.1
AS Rate - 95% UCL 10.9 12.6 11.4 13.5 10.9
Female Deaths 1,618 107 154 49 1,928
Crude Rate 5.9 6.8 5.6 5.2 5.9
AS Rate 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.7 5.8
AS Rate - 95% LCL 5.5 4.9 4.6 4.1 5.5
AS Rate - 95% UCL 6.1 7.3 6.3 7.3 6.0
Persons Deaths 3,851 251 364 118 4,584
Crude Rate 7.1 8.1 6.8 6.4 7.1
AS Rate 7.8 8.1 7.4 8.0 7.8
AS Rate - 95% LCL 7.5 7.1 6.7 6.5 7.6
AS Rate - 95% UCL 8.0 9.1 8.2 9.4 8.0

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS Rate Open a glossary item

Leukaemia (all subtypes combined) mortality rates throughout the UK shows some variation between health boundaries for both males and females; however, as with variation in incidence, this is probably associated with differences in registration practices.[4-6]

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
  4. NCIN. Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Cancer Network, UK, 2005. London: NCIN; 2008. 
  5. NCIN. Cancer e-Atlas. European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK (England: former Primary Care Trusts; Wales; Scotland: NHS Health Boards; Northern Ireland: Health and Social Care Trusts), 2009-2011. 
  6. Haematological Malignancy Research Network. Haematological malignancies & cancer registration in England (2004-2008). Quality appraisal comparing data from the National Cancer Data Repository (NCDR) with the population-based Haematological Malignancy Research Network (HMRN). Final Report. London: Leukaemia & Lymphoma Research, 2012.
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Leukaemia mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older males and females. In the UK in 2012-2014, on average each year almost 6 in 10 (57%) deaths were in people aged 75 and over.[1-3]

Age-specific mortality rates rise sharply from around age 60-64, with the highest rates in the 90+ age group. Mortality rates are significantly higher for males than for females in those aged 50-54 and over and this gap is widest at the ages of 85-89, when the male:female ratio of age-specific rates (to account for the different proportions of males to females in each age group) is around 20:10.[1-3]

Leukaemia (C91-C95), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates, UK, 2012-2014

For most cancer types, mortality by age largely reflects incidence and survival by age, e.g. typically, higher incidence and lower survival in older people results in higher mortality in older people.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015.Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
Last reviewed:

Leukaemia (all subtypes combined) European age standardised Open a glossary item (AS) mortality rates have remained stable in the UK between 1971-1973 and 2012-2014 for males and females.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2003-2005 and 2012-2014), leukaemia AS mortality rates have decreased by 4% for males and females combined, with a similar decrease in males (5%) and females (5%).[1-3]

Leukaemia (C91-C95), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK, 1971-2014

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends, e.g. increased incidence without sufficient survival improvement results in increased mortality.

Leukaemia mortality rates have decreased overall for many of the broad age groups in the UK since the early 1970s but have increased in people aged 70-79 and 80+.[1-3] The largest decrease has been in people aged 0-24, with rates falling by 78% between 1971-1973 and 2012-2014.

Leukaemia (C91-C95), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Age, Persons, UK, 1971-2014

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
Last reviewed:

Leukaemia is the 8th most common cause of cancer death in Europe, with around 53,800 deaths from leukaemia in 2012 (3% of the total). In Europe (2012), the highest World age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates for leukaemia are in Belarus for men and Lithuania for women; the lowest rates are in Bosnia Herzegovina for men and Malta for women. UK leukaemia mortality rates are estimated to be the 12th lowest in males in Europe, and 9th lowest in females.[1] These data are broadly in line with Europe-specific data available elsewhere.[2]

Leukaemia is the 10th most common cause of cancer death worldwide, with more than 265,000 deaths from leukaemia in 2012 (3% of the total). Leukaemia mortality rates are highest in Western Asia and lowest in Western Africa, but this partly reflects varying data quality worldwide.[2]

References

  1.  Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, et al. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2013. Available from: http://globocan.iarc.fr, accessed December 2013. 
  2. Ferlay J, Steliarova-Foucher E, Lortet-Tieulent J, et al.Cancer incidence and mortality patterns in Europe: Estimates for 40 countries in 2012. European Journal of Cancer (2013) 49, 1374-1403.
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Cancer Statistics Explained

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