Eye cancer incidence statistics

Cases

New cases of eye cancer, 2014, UK

 

Proportion of all cases

Percentage eye cancer is of total cancer cases, 2014, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of eye cancer cases, 2012-2014, UK

Trend over time

Eye incidence rates have remained stable since the early 1990s, UK

Eye cancer accounts for less than 1% of all new cases in the UK (2014), accounting for less than 1% of all male cases, and less than 1% of all female cases.[1-4]

In 2013, there were 750 new cases of eye cancer in the UK: 398 (53%) in males and 352 (47%) in females, giving a male:female ratio of around 11:10.[1-4] The crude incidence rate Open a glossary item shows that there is 1 new eye cancer case for every 100,000 males in the UK, and 1 for every 100,000 females.

For males only the European age-standardised rate Open a glossary item (AS rate) in Northern Ireland is significantly lower compared to England.[1-4] The rates do not differ significantly between the other countries of the UK for either sex.[1-4]

Eye Cancer (C69), Number of New Cases, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014

England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland UK
Male Cases 344 14 36 4 398
Crude Rate 1.3 0.9 1.4 0.4 1.3
AS Rate 1.4 1.0 1.5 0.5 1.4
AS Rate - 95% LCL 1.3 0.5 1.0 0.0 1.2
AS Rate - 95% UCL 1.6 1.5 2.0 1.1 1.5
Female Cases 292 18 37 5 352
Crude Rate 1.1 1.1 1.3 0.5 1.1
AS Rate 1.1 1.1 1.3 0.6 1.1
AS Rate - 95% LCL 1.0 0.6 0.9 0.1 1.0
AS Rate - 95% UCL 1.2 1.7 1.7 1.2 1.2
Persons Cases 636 32 73 9 750
Crude Rate 1.2 1.0 1.4 0.5 1.2
AS Rate 1.2 1.1 1.4 0.6 1.2
AS Rate - 95% LCL 1.1 0.7 1.1 0.2 1.1
AS Rate - 95% UCL 1.3 1.4 1.7 0.9 1.3

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS rate. Open a glossary item
 

For eye cancer, like most cancer types, differences between countries largely reflect risk factor prevalence in years past.

Reference

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, June 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, May 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, June 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, May 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 2014, ICD-10 C69

Last reviewed:

Eye cancer incidence is related to age, with the highest incidence rates being in older males and females. In the UK in 2012-2014, on average each year almost half (47%) of cases were diagnosed in people aged 65 and over.[1-4

Age-specific incidence rates fall between age 0-4 and age 5-9, then remain stable through childhood and young adulthood. Rates rise steadily from around age 20-24 to age 45-49, and then rise more steeply in males and less steeply in females until old age.Incidence rates are higher for males than for females aged 65-69 and 75-79 (the gap is not significant at other age groups). The gap is widest at the ages of 75-79, when the male:female ratio of age-specific incidence rates (to account for the different proportions of males to females in each age group) is around 16:10.[1-4]

Eye Cancer (C69), Average Number of New Cases per Year and Age-Specific Incidence Rates, UK, 2012-2014

For eye cancer, like most cancer types, incidence increases with age. This largely reflects cell DNA damage accumulating over time. Damage can result from biological processes or from exposure to risk factors. A drop or plateau in incidence in the oldest age groups often indicates reduced diagnostic activity perhaps due to general ill health.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, June 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, May 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, June 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, May 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2012-2014, ICD-10 C69

Last reviewed:

Eye cancer incidence rates have remained stable in the UK since the early 1990s.[1-3] However, this includes a period of stability followed by an increase in this time and the trend is similar for males and females both combined and separately. Eye cancer incidence rates increased by 33% (persons) in Great Britain between 1979-1981 and 1991-1993.[1-3]

For males, European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item incidence rates remained stable between 1993-1995 and 2007-2009 and have since increased by 24%. For females, the trend is similar in this period.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2003-2005 and 2012-2014), eye cancer AS incidence rates have increased by 19% for males. The trend is similar for females (20% increase).[1-4]

Eye Cancer (C69), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, UK, 1993-2014

Eye cancer incidence rates have remained stable overall for some of the broad age groups in the UK since the early 1990s, and have increased in those aged 25-49 and 60-69. The largest increases have been in people aged 25-49 , with European AS incidence rates rising by 28% between 1993-1995 and 2012-2014.[1-3]

Eye Cancer (C69), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, by Age, Persons, UK, 1979-2014

For eye cancer there are few established risk factors, therefore increasing incidence in the 1980s and 1990s may largely reflect improvements in diagnosis and data recording.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, June 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, May 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, June 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, May 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/

About this data

Data is for UK, 1993-2014, ICD-10 C69

Last reviewed:

Most eye cancer cases occur in the choroid Open a glossary item, with much smaller proportions in the conjunctiva Open a glossary item, ciliary body and retina (2010-2012).[1-4]

The proportion of cases in each part is similar between males and females.[1-4]

A small proportion of cases did not have the specific part of the eye recorded in cancer registry data, or overlapped more than one part.[1-4]

Cases and percentages may not sum due to rounding

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, July 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/vsob1/cancer-statistics-registrations--england--series-mb1-/index.html.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, April 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit on request, April 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wales.nhs.uk/sites3/page.cfm?orgid=242&pid=59080.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, June 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/CancerInformation/.
Last reviewed:

The lifetime risk of developing eye cancer is around 1 in 1,205 for men and around 1 in 1,330 for women, in 2012 in the UK.[1]

The lifetime risk for eye cancer has been calculated to account for the possibility that someone can have more than one diagnosis of eye cancer over the course of their lifetime (‘Adjusted for Multiple Primaries’ (AMP) method).[2]

References

  1. Lifetime risk estimates calculated by the Statistical Information Team at Cancer Research UK. Based on data provided by the Office of National Statistics, ISD Scotland, the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit and the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry, on request, December 2013 to July 2014.
  2. Sasieni PD, Shelton J, Ormiston-Smith N, et al. What is the lifetime risk of developing cancer?: The effect of adjusting for multiple primaries. Br J Cancer, 2011. 105(3): p. 460-5.
Last reviewed:

Cancer stats explained

See information and explanations on terminology used for statistics and reporting of cancer, and the methods used to calculate some of our statistics.

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