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Leukaemia (all subtypes combined) Key Stats

Leukaemia Stats DoughnutKey messages on incidence, survival, mortality, risk factors (causes) and a summary table of the statistics for leukaemia (all subtypes combined) are given here.

More comprehensive information and statistics for leukaemia is here: incidence, survival, mortality.

The latest statistics available for leukaemia are; incidence 2011, mortality 2012, and survival 2010-2011. Please note that statistics on this page are for all leukaemia subtypes combined. Source years are specified in the statistics table. Find out why these are the latest statistics available.

About leukaemia (all subtypes combined)

  • Leukaemia is a cancer of the white blood cells and bone marrow.
  • There are four main subtypes of leukaemia: acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL).
  • Leukaemia subtypes vary substantially in their cellular origin and clinical behaviour. Statistics for all leukaemia subtypes combined should be interpreted with this diversity in mind.

section reviewed 31/01/12
section updated 31/01/12

How common is leukaemia (all subtypes combined)?

Read more in-depth leukaemia (all subtypes combined) incidence statistics.

section reviewed 11/06/14
section updated 11/06/14

How many people die from leukaemia (all subtypes combined)?

Read more in-depth leukaemia (all subtypes combined) mortality statistics.

section reviewed 08/09/14
section updated 08/09/14

How many people survive leukaemia (all subtypes combined)?

  • More than half of people diagnosed with leukaemia survive their disease for at least five years after diagnosis.
  • Five-year survival for leukaemia has quadrupled in the last forty years.
  • People diagnosed with leukaemia today are now nearly seven times more likely to survive their disease for at least ten years compared with those diagnosed in the early 1970s.
  • More than 4 in 10 people diagnosed with leukaemia will survive their disease for at least ten years.
  • More than 8 in 10 children diagnosed with leukaemia in Great Britain now survive for five years or more, thanks to improved treatments. In the late 1960s, only around 1 in 10 survived.

Read more in-depth leukaemia (all subtypes combined) survival statistics.

section reviewed 28/11/14
section updated 28/11/14

What are the main causes of leukaemia?

  • A person’s risk of developing leukaemia depends on many factors, including age, genetics, and exposure to risk factors (including some potentially avoidable lifestyle factors).
  • Leukaemia risk factors differ by disease subtype, but ionising radiation is linked with most subtypes (except chronic lymphocytic leukaemia).
  • An estimated 15% of leukaemia cases overall in the UK are linked to lifestyle factors including ionising radiation (9%), smoking (6%), and certain occupational exposures (1%).
  • Other factors may relate to higher risk of certain leukaemia subtypes but evidence is overall unclear.

section reviewed 28/11/14
section updated 28/11/14


Leukaemia (all subtypes combined) statistics table

LEUKAEMIA STATISTICS Males Females Persons Country Year3
Number of new cases per year 5,014 3,602 8,616 UK 2011
Incidence rate per 100,000 population1 13.1 8.0 10.4
Number of deaths per year 2,723 2,084 4,807 UK 2012
Mortality rate per 100,000 population1 6.3 3.8 4.9
One-year net survival2 70.9% 66.0% 68.8% England & Wales 2010-2011
Five-year net survival2 53.5% 49.2% 51.6% 2010-2011
Ten-year net survival2 47.5% 44.4% 46.2%

1. European age-standardised    2. Adults diagnosed    3. Latest statistics available

More detailed leukaemia statistics can be found using these links: incidence, mortality, survival.

section reviewed 28/11/14
section updated 28/11/14

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Updated: 28 November 2014