Vulval cancer incidence statistics

Cases

New cases of vulval cancer, 2016-2018, UK

 

Proportion of all cases

Percentage vulval cancer is of total cancer cases, 2016-2018, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of vulval cancer cases, 2016-2018, UK

Trend over time

Change in vulval cancer incidence rates since the early 1990s, Females, UK

 

Vulval cancer is not among the 20 most common cancers in females in the UK, accounting for less than 1% of all new cancer cases in females (2016-2018).In females and males combined, vulval cancer is not among the 20 most common cancers in the UK, accounting for less than 1% of all new cancer cases (2016-2018).[1-4]

Vulval cancer incidence rates (European age-standardised (AS) rate Open a glossary item) for females are similar to the UK average in all the UK constituent countries.

Vulval Cancer (C51), Average Number of New Cases Per Year, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2016-2018

  England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland UK
Female Cases 1,125 133 76 38 1,372
Crude Rate 4.0 4.8 4.8 4.0 4.1
AS Rate 4.0 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1
AS Rate - 95% LCL 3.9 4.2 3.9 3.4 3.9
AS Rate - 95% UCL 4.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.2
Persons Cases 1,125 133 76 38 1,372
Crude Rate 2.0 2.5 2.4 2.0 2.1
AS Rate 2.2 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
AS Rate - 95% LCL 2.1 2.3 2.1 1.9 2.1
AS Rate - 95% UCL 2.2 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.3

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits around the AS Rate. Open a glossary item
 
 

References

  1. Data were provided by the National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service (part of Public Health England), on request through the Office for Data Release, July 2021. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, April 2020. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were published by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales https://phw.nhs.wales/services-and-teams/welsh-cancer-intelligence-and-surveillance-unit-wcisu/cancer-incidence-in-wales-2002-2018/, March 2021.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, May 2020. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2016-2018, ICD-10 C51.

Last reviewed:

Vulval cancer incidence is strongly related to age, with the highest incidence rates being in older women. In the UK in 2016-2018, on average each year more than 4 in 10 new cases (42%) were in females aged 75 and over.[1-4]

Age-specific incidence rates rise steadily from around age 35-39 and more steeply from around age 75-79. The highest rates are in in the 90+ age group.

Vulval cancer (C51), Average Number of New Cases per Year and Age-Specific Incidence Rates per 100,000 Female Population, UK, 2016-2018

For vulval cancer, like most cancer types, incidence increases with age. This largely reflects cell DNA damage accumulating over time. Damage can result from biological processes or from exposure to risk factors. A drop or plateau in incidence in the oldest age groups often indicates reduced diagnostic activity perhaps due to general ill health.

References

  1. Data were provided by the National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service (part of Public Health England), on request through the Office for Data Release, July 2021. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, April 2020. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were published by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales https://phw.nhs.wales/services-and-teams/welsh-cancer-intelligence-and-surveillance-unit-wcisu/cancer-incidence-in-wales-2002-2018/, March 2021.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, May 2020. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2016-2018, ICD-10 C51.

Last reviewed:

Vulval cancer European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item incidence rates for females increased by 17% in the UK between 1993-1995 and 2016-2018.[1-4]

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2006-2008 and 2016-2018), vulval cancer AS incidence rates for females increased by 7%.

Vulval Cancer (C51), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, Females, UK, 1993 to 2018

Vulval cancer incidence rates have varied between age groups in females in the UK since the early 1990s.[1-4 ] Rates in 0-24s have remained stable, in 25-49s have increased by 55%, in 50-59s have increased by 103%, in 60-69s have increased by 38%, in 70-79s have remained stable and in 80+s have remained stable.

Vulval Cancer (C51), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates per 100,000 Female Population, By Age, UK, 1993-2018

For vulval cancer, like most cancer types, incidence trends largely reflect changing prevalence of risk factors and improvements in diagnosis and data recording. Recent incidence trends are influenced by risk factor prevalence in years past, and trends by age group reflect risk factor exposure in birth cohorts.

References

  1. Data were provided by the National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service (part of Public Health England), on request through the Office for Data Release, July 2021. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, April 2020. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were published by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales https://phw.nhs.wales/services-and-teams/welsh-cancer-intelligence-and-surveillance-unit-wcisu/cancer-incidence-in-wales-2002-2018/, March 2021.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, May 2020. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 1993-2018, ICD-10 C51.

Last reviewed:

 Vulval cancer incidence rates (European age-standardised (AS) rates Open a glossary item) in England in females are 74% higher in the most deprived quintile compared with the least (2013-2017).[1]

It is estimated that there are around 250 more cases of vulval cancer each year in England than there would be if every deprivation quintile had the same age-specific crude incidence rates as the least deprived quintile. 

Vulval Cancer (C51), Estimated Average Number of Excess Cases per Year and European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2013-2017

References

  1. Calculated by the Cancer Intelligence Team at Cancer Research UK, April 2020. Based on method reported in National Cancer Intelligence Network Cancer by Deprivation in England Incidence, 1996-2010 Mortality, 1997-2011. Using cancer incidence data 2013-2017 (Public Health England) and population data 2013-2017 (Office for National Statistics) by Indices of Multiple Deprivation 2015 income domain quintile, cancer type, sex, and five-year age band.

About this data

Data is for England, 2013-2017, ICD-10 C51.

Last reviewed:

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