Stomach cancer mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from stomach cancer, 2016, UK

 

Proportion of all deaths

Percentage stomach cancer is of total cancer deaths, 2016, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of stomach cancer deaths, 2014-2016, UK

 

Trend over time

Change in stomach cancer mortality rates since the early 1970s, UK

Stomach cancer is the 14th most common cause of cancer death in the UK, accounting for 3% of all cancer deaths (2016).[1-3]

In males in the UK, stomach cancer is the 11th most common cause of cancer death (3% of all male cancer deaths). In females in the UK it is the 15th most common cause of cancer death (2% of all female cancer deaths).

64% of stomach cancer deaths in the UK are in males, and 36% are in females.

Stomach cancer mortality rates (European age-standardised (AS) rates Open a glossary item) are similar to the UK average in all the UK constituent countries.

Stomach Cancer (C16), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2016

  England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland UK
Male Deaths 2329 272 174 85 2860
Crude Rate 8.5 10.4 11.3 9.3 8.8
AS Rate 10.4 12.2 12.3 12.6 10.7
AS Rate - 95% LCL 10.0 10.8 10.4 9.9 10.3
AS Rate - 95% UCL 10.8 13.7 14.1 15.3 11.1
Female Deaths 1331 136 80 50 1597
Crude Rate 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.3 4.8
AS Rate 4.7 4.6 4.5 5.6 4.7
AS Rate - 95% LCL 4.4 3.9 3.5 4.1 4.4
AS Rate - 95% UCL 4.9 5.4 5.5 7.2 4.9
Persons Deaths 3660 408 254 135 4457
Crude Rate 6.6 7.5 8.2 7.2 6.8
AS Rate 7.2 8.0 8.0 8.8 7.3
AS Rate - 95% LCL 6.9 7.2 7.0 7.3 7.1
AS Rate - 95% UCL 7.4 8.7 8.9 10.3 7.5

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS Rate Open a glossary item

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2016, ICD-10 C16.

Last reviewed:

Stomach cancer mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older people. In the UK in 2014-2016, on average each year almost 6 in 10 (58%) deaths were in people aged 75 and over.[1-3] This largely reflects higher incidence and lower survival for stomach cancer in older people.

Age-specific mortality rates rise steadily from around age 45-49 and more steeply from around age 65-69. The highest rates are in the 85 to 89 age group for males and females.

Mortality rates are significantly higher in males than females in a number of (mainly older) age groups. The gap is widest at age 65 to 69, when the age-specific mortality rate is 2.9 times higher in males than females.

Stomach Cancer (C16), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014-2016

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS Rate Open a glossary item

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2014-2016, ICD-10 C16.

Last reviewed:

Stomach cancer European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item mortality rates for males and females combined decreased by 79% in the UK between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016.[1-3] The decrease was larger in females than in males.

For males, stomach cancer AS mortality rates in the UK decreased by 78% between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016. For females, stomach cancer AS mortality rates in the UK decreased by 82% between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2004-2006 and 2014-2016), stomach cancer AS mortality rates for males and females combined decreased by 32%. In males AS mortality rates decreased by 33%, and in females rates decreased by 34%.

Stomach Cancer (C16), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 1971-2016

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends. For example, rising mortality may reflect rising incidence and stable survival, while falling mortality may reflect rising incidence and rising survival.

Stomach cancer mortality rates have decreased overall in all broad adult age groups in males and females combined in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] Rates in 25-49s have decreased by 76%, in 50-59s have decreased by 82%, in 60-69s have decreased by 86%, in 70-79s have decreased by 80%, and in 80+s have decreased by 72%.

Stomach Cancer (C16), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, By Age, UK, 1971-2016

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 1971-2016, ICD-10 C16.

Last reviewed:

Stomach cancer mortality rates are projected to fall by 27% in the UK between 2014 and 2035, to 7 deaths per 100,000 people by 2035.[1] This includes a larger decrease for males than for females.

For males, stomach cancer European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item mortality rates in the UK are projected to fall by 32% between 2014 and 2035, to 9 deaths per 100,000 by 2035.[1] For females, rates are projected to fall by 24% between 2014 and 2035, to 5 deaths per 100,000 by 2035.[1]

Stomach cancer (C16), Observed and Projected Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Sex, UK, 1979-2035

It is projected that 5,192 deaths from stomach cancer (3,295 in males, 1,898 in females) will occur in the UK in 2035.

References

  1. Smittenaar CR, Petersen KA, Stewart K, Moitt N. Cancer Incidence and Mortality Projections in the UK Until 2035. Brit J Cancer 2016.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 1979-2014 (observed), 2015-2035 (projected), ICD-10 C16

Projections are based on observed incidence and mortality rates and therefore implicitly include changes in cancer risk factors, diagnosis and treatment. It is not possible to assess the statistical significance of changes between 2014 (observed) and 2035 (projected) figures. Confidence intervals are not calculated for the projected figures. Projections are by their nature uncertain because unexpected events in future could change the trend. It is not sensible to calculate a boundary of uncertainty around these already uncertain point estimates. Changes are described as 'increase' or 'decrease' if there is any difference between the point estimates.

More on projections methodology

Last reviewed:

There is evidence for an association between stomach cancer mortality and deprivation for both males and females in England (the association is stronger for males).[1] England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates are 112% higher for males living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived, and 98% higher for females.[1]

Stomach Cancer (C16), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in stomach cancer mortality for males and females living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011.[1] It has been estimated that there would have been around 1,000 fewer cancer deaths each year in England during 2007-2011 if all people experienced the same mortality rates as the least deprived.[1]

References

  1. Cancer Research UK and National Cancer Intelligence Network. Cancer by deprivation in England: Incidence, 1996-2010, Mortality, 1997-2011. London: NCIN; 2014.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 2007-2011, ICD-10 C16

Deprivation gradient statistics were calculated using mortality data for 2007-2011. The deprivation quintiles were calculated using the Income domain scores from the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) from the following years: 2004, 2007 and 2010. Full details on the data and methodology can be found in the Cancer by Deprivation in England NCIN report.

Last reviewed:

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