Non-melanoma skin cancer incidence statistics

New cases of non-melanoma skin cancer, 2015, UK

Peak rate of non-melanoma skin cancer, 2013-2015, UK

Change in non-melanoma skin cancer rates since the early 1990s, UK

56% of non-melanoma skin cancer cases in the UK are in males, and 44% are in females. [1-4]

Non-melanoma skin cancer incidence rates (European age-standardised (AS) rates Open a glossary item ) for persons are significantly higher than the UK average in England and Northern Ireland, significantly lower than the UK average in Wales, and similar to the UK average in Scotland.

Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (C44), Number of New Cases, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2015

  England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland UK
Male Cases 68,387 6,933 2,497 2,230 80,047
Crude Rate 253.0 265.6 163.7 245.3 249.6
AS Rate 306.4 317.6 180.7 335.8 301.3
AS Rate - 95% LCI 304.1 310.2 173.6 321.9 299.2
AS Rate - 95% UCI 308.6 325.1 187.8 349.8 303.3
Female Cases 53,602 5,088 1,764 1,600 62,054
Crude Rate 193.1 184.2 112.1 169.8 187.8
AS Rate 196.4 180.0 101.7 186.9 189.8
AS Rate - 95% LCI 194.8 175.1 97.0 177.7 188.3
AS Rate - 95% UCI 198.1 185.0 106.5 196.0 191.3
Persons Cases 121,989 12,021 4,261 3,830 142,101
Crude Rate 222.7 223.7 137.5 206.8 218.2
AS Rate 243.8 237.2 135.6 250.3 237.7
AS Rate - 95% LCI 242.4 233.0 131.6 242.3 236.5
AS Rate - 95% UCI 245.2 241.4 139.7 258.2 238.9

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item  around the AS Rate Open a glossary item
 

For non-melanoma skin cancer, differences between countries largely reflect differences in diagnosis and data recording.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, August 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2015, ICD-10 C44.

Last reviewed:

Non-melanoma skin cancer incidence is strongly related to age, with the highest incidence rates being in older people. In the UK in 2013-2015, on average each year almost half (47%) of new cases were in people aged 75 and over.[1-4

Age-specific incidence rates rise steadily from around age 25-29 and more steeply from around age 60-64. The highest rates are in the 90+ age group for males and females.

Incidence rates are significantly lower in males than females in the younger age groups and significantly higher in males than females in the older age groups. The gap is widest at age 85 to 89, when the age-specific incidence rate is 2 times higher in males than females.

Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (C44), Average Number of New Cases per Year and Age-Specific Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2013-2015

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS Rate Open a glossary item
 

For non-melanoma skin cancer, like most cancer types, incidence increases with age. This largely reflects cell DNA damage accumulating over time. Damage can result from biological processes or from exposure to risk factors. A drop or plateau in incidence in the oldest age groups often indicates reduced diagnostic activity perhaps due to general ill health.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, August 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2013-2015, ICD-10 C44.

Last reviewed:

Non-melanoma skin cancer European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item incidence rates for males and females combined increased by 147% in the UK between 1993-1995 and 2013-2015.[1-4] The increase was of a similar size in males and females.

For males, non-melanoma skin cancer AS incidence rates in the UK increased by 141% between 1993-1995 and 2013-2015. For females, non-melanoma skin cancer AS incidence rates in the UK increased by 143% between 1993-1995 and 2013-2015.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2003-2005 and 2013-2015), non-melanoma skin cancer AS incidence rates for males and females combined increased by 61%. In males AS incidence rates increased by 59%, and in females rates increased by 61%.

Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (ICD-10 C44), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, UK, 1993-2015

Non-melanoma skin cancer incidence rates have increased overall in all broad age groups in males and females combined in the UK since the early 1990s.[1-4] Rates in 0-24s have increased by 43%, in 25-49s have increased by 140%, in 50-59s have increased by 112%, in 60-69s have increased by 133%, in 70-79s have increased by 155%, and in 80+s have increased by 165%.

Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (ICD-10 C44), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, By Age, UK, 1993-2015

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, August 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 1993-2015, ICD-10 C44.

Last reviewed:

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