Non-melanoma skin cancer incidence statistics

New cases of non-melanoma skin cancer, 2014-2016 average, UK

Peak rate of non-melanoma skin cases, 2014-2016, UK

 

Change in non-melanoma skin cancer incidence rates since the early 1990s, UK

 

43% of non-melanoma skin cancer cases in the UK are in females, and 57% are in males.

Non-melanoma skin cancer incidence rates (European age-standardised (AS) rates Open a glossary item) for persons are significantly higher than the UK average in Wales, significantly lower than the UK average in Scotland and Northern Ireland, and similar to the UK average in England.

Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (C44), Number of New Cases, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2016

  England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland UK
Female Cases 56,845 4,904 4,333 1,607 67,689
Crude Rate 203.3 176.6 274.4 169.7 203.5
AS Rate 205.3 171.3 251.3 185.0 204.2
AS Rate - 95% LCL 203.6 166.5 243.8 175.9 202.6
AS Rate - 95% UCL 207.0 176.1 258.7 194.0 205.7
Male Cases 73,550 6,901 6,099 2,191 88,741
Crude Rate 269.4 262.6 397.6 239.4 274.1
AS Rate 323.4 310.3 427.5 318.3 327.7
AS Rate - 95% LCL 321.1 303.0 416.7 305.0 325.5
AS Rate - 95% UCL 325.8 317.6 438.2 331.6 329.8
Persons Cases 130,395 11,805 10,432 3,798 156,430
Crude Rate 235.9 218.4 335.1 204.0 238.3
AS Rate 256.5 229.7 328.5 242.6 257.6
AS Rate - 95% LCL 255.1 225.5 322.2 234.9 256.3
AS Rate - 95% UCL 257.9 233.8 334.8 250.3 258.9

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item  around the AS Rate Open a glossary item
 

For non-melanoma skin cancer, differences between countries largely reflect differences in diagnosis and data recording.

References

  1. Data were provided by the National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service (part of Public Health England), on request through the Office for Data Release, August 2018. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, April 2018. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, February 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, April 2018. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2016, ICD-10 C44.

Last reviewed:

Non-melanoma skin cancer incidence is strongly related to age, with the highest incidence rates being in older people. In the UK in 2014-2016, on average each year almost half (47%) of new cases were in people aged 75 and over.[1-4]

Age-specific incidence rates rise steadily from around age 35-39 and more steeply from around age 60-64. The highest rates are in the 90+ age group for females and males.

Incidence rates are significantly higher in females than males in the younger age groups and significantly lower in females than males in the older age groups. The gap is widest at age 85 to 89, when the age-specific incidence rate is 2.1 times lower in females than males.

Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (C44), Average Number of New Cases per Year and Age-Specific Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014-2016

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS Rate Open a glossary item
 

For non-melanoma skin cancer, like most cancer types, incidence increases with age. This largely reflects cell DNA damage accumulating over time. Damage can result from biological processes or from exposure to risk factors. A drop or plateau in incidence in the oldest age groups often indicates reduced diagnostic activity perhaps due to general ill health.

References

  1. Data were provided by the National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service (part of Public Health England), on request through the Office for Data Release, August 2018. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, April 2018. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, February 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, April 2018. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

 

About this data

Data is for UK, 2014-2016, ICD-10 C44.

Last reviewed:

Non-melanoma skin cancer European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item incidence rates for females and males combined increased by 163% in the UK between 1993-1995 and 2014-2016.[1-4] The increase was of a similar size in females and males.

For females, non-melanoma skin cancer AS incidence rates in the UK increased by 157% between 1993-1995 and 2014-2016. For males, non-melanoma skin cancer AS incidence rates in the UK increased by 158% between 1993-1995 and 2014-2016.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2004-2006 and 2014-2016), non-melanoma skin cancer AS incidence rates for females and males combined increased by 65%. In females AS incidence rates increased by 63%, and in males rates increased by 63%.

Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (ICD-10 C44), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, UK, 1993-2016

Non-melanoma skin cancer incidence rates have increased overall in all broad age groups in females and males combined in the UK since the early 1990s.[1-4] Rates in 0-24s have increased by 40%, in 25-49s have increased by 151%, in 50-59s have increased by 125%, in 60-69s have increased by 143%, in 70-79s have increased by 173%, and in 80+s have increased by 186%.

Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (ICD-10 C44), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, By Age, UK, 1993-2016

References

  1. Data were provided by the National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service (part of Public Health England), on request through the Office for Data Release, August 2018. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, April 2018. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, February 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, April 2018. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 1993-2016, ICD-10 C44.

Last reviewed:

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