Non-melanoma skin cancer incidence statistics

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New cases of non-melanoma skin cancer, 2015-2017, UK

Peak rate of non-melanoma skin cases, 2015-2017, UK

 

Change in non-melanoma skin cancer incidence rates since the early 1990s, UK

 

43% of non-melanoma skin cancer cases in the UK are in females, and 57% are in males.

Non-melanoma skin cancer incidence rates (European age-standardised (AS) rates Open a glossary item) for persons are significantly higher than the UK average in Wales, significantly lower than the UK average in Scotland and Northern Ireland, and similar to the UK average in England.

Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (C44), Number of New Cases, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2017

  England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland UK
Female Cases 54,842 4,632 4,325 1,590 65,389
Crude Rate 194.9 166.3 272.9 167.3 195.4
AS Rate 194.8 159.8 248.5 180.7 194.1
AS Rate - 95% LCL 193.1 155.2 241.1 171.8 192.6
AS Rate - 95% UCL 196.4 164.4 255.9 189.6 195.6
Male Cases 71,475 6,558 5,869 2,215 86,117
Crude Rate 260.1 248.4 381.1 240.7 264.3
AS Rate 307.9 290.1 403.8 315.0 311.6
AS Rate - 95% LCL 305.6 283.0 393.5 301.9 309.5
AS Rate - 95% UCL 310.1 297.1 414.1 328.1 313.7
Persons Cases 126,317 11,190 10,194 3,805 151,506
Crude Rate 227.1 206.3 326.2 203.4 229.4
AS Rate 243.9 214.4 316.5 238.6 245.1
AS Rate - 95% LCL 242.6 210.5 310.3 231.0 243.8
AS Rate - 95% UCL 245.3 218.4 322.6 246.1 246.3

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item  around the AS Rate Open a glossary item
 

For non-melanoma skin cancer, differences between countries largely reflect differences in diagnosis and data recording.

References

  1. Data were provided by the National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service (part of Public Health England), on request through the Office for Data Release, November 2019. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, April 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, December 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, May 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2017, ICD-10 C44.

Last reviewed:

Non-melanoma skin cancer incidence is strongly related to age, with the highest incidence rates being in older people.

In the UK in 2015-2017, on average each year almost half (47%) of new cases were in people aged 75 and over.[1-4]

Age-specific incidence rates rise steadily from around age 35-39 and more steeply from around age 60-64. The highest rates are in the 90+ age group for females and males.

Incidence rates are significantly higher in females than males in the younger age groups and significantly lower in females than males in the older age groups. The gap is widest at age 85 to 89, when the age-specific incidence rate is 2.1 times lower in females than males.

Non-melanoma skin cancer (C44), Average Number of New Cases per Year and Age-Specific Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2015-2017

For non-melanoma skin cancer, like most cancer types, incidence increases with age. This largely reflects cell DNA damage accumulating over time. Damage can result from biological processes or from exposure to risk factors. A drop or plateau in incidence in the oldest age groups often indicates reduced diagnostic activity perhaps due to general ill health.

References

  1. Data were provided by the National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service (part of Public Health England), on request through the Office for Data Release, November 2019. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, April 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, December 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, May 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2015-2017, C44.

Last reviewed:

Non-melanoma skin cancer European age-standardised (AS) incidence rates for females and males combined increased by 166% in the UK between 1993-1995 and 2015-2017.[1-4] The increase was of a similar size in females and males.

For females, non-melanoma skin cancer AS incidence rates in the UK increased by 160% between 1993-1995 and 2015-2017. For males, non-melanoma skin cancer AS incidence rates in the UK increased by 161% between 1993-1995 and 2015-2017.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2005-2007 and 2015-2017), non-melanoma skin cancer AS incidence rates for females and males combined increased by 56%. In females AS incidence rates increased by 55%, and in males rates increased by 55%.

Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (ICD-10 C44), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, UK, 1993-2017

Non-melanoma skin cancer incidence rates have increased overall in all broad age groups in females and males combined in the UK since the early 1990s.[1-4] Rates in 0-24s have increased by 33%, in 25-49s have increased by 151%, in 50-59s have increased by 126%, in 60-69s have increased by 143%, in 70-79s have increased by 177%, and in 80+s have increased by 194%.

Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (ICD-10 C44), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, By Age, UK, 1993-2017

References

  1. Data were provided by the National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service (part of Public Health England), on request through the Office for Data Release, November 2019. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, April 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, December 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, May 2019. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 1993-2017, ICD-10 C44.

Last reviewed:

Non-melanoma skin cancer incidence rates (European age-standardised (AS) rates Open a glossary item) in England in females are 40% lower in the most deprived quintile compared with the least, and in males are 42% lower in the most deprived quintile compared with the least (2013-2017).[1]

It is estimated that there are around 25,000 fewer cases of non-melanoma skin cancer each year in England than there would be if every deprivation quintile had the same age-specific crude incidence rates as the least deprived quintile. Around 10,800 of these cases are in females, and around 14,200 in males.

Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (C44), Estimated Average Number of Fewer Cases per Year, by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2013-2017

Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (C44), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2013-2017

References

  1. Calculated by the Cancer Intelligence Team at Cancer Research UK, April 2020. Based on method reported in National Cancer Intelligence Network Cancer by Deprivation in England Incidence, 1996-2010 Mortality, 1997-2011 . Using cancer incidence data 2013-2017 (Public Health England) and population data 2013-2017 (Office for National Statistics) by Indices of Multiple Deprivation 2015 income domain quintile, cancer type, sex, and five-year age band.

About this data

Data is for England, 2013-2017, ICD-10 C44.

Last reviewed:

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