Bladder cancer mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from bladder cancer, 2016, UK.

Percentage of all deaths

Percentage bladder cancer contributes to total cancer deaths, 2016, UK

Age

Peak mortality rate for bladder cancer, 2014-2016, UK

Trend over time

Change in bladder cancer mortality rates since the early 1970s, UK

Bladder cancer is the 9th most common cause of cancer death in the UK, accounting for 3% of all cancer deaths (2016).[1-3]

In males in the UK, bladder cancer is the 7th most common cause of cancer death (4% of all male cancer deaths). In females in the UK it is the 13th most common cause of cancer death (2% of all female cancer deaths).

67% of bladder cancer deaths in the UK are in males, and 33% are in females.

Bladder cancer mortality rates (European age-standardised (AS) rates Open a glossary item ) for persons are significantly higher than the UK average in Scotland, and similar to the UK average in all other UK constituent countries.

Bladder Cancer (C67), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2016

  England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland UK
Male Deaths 2972 336 216 102 3626
Crude Rate 10.9 12.8 14.1 11.1 11.2
AS Rate 14.1 16.6 16.3 17.3 14.5
AS Rate - 95% LCL 13.6 14.8 14.1 14.0 14.0
AS Rate - 95% UCL 14.6 18.4 18.5 20.7 15.0
Female Deaths 1435 184 108 30 1757
Crude Rate 5.1 6.6 6.8 3.2 5.3
AS Rate 4.9 6.3 5.8 3.4 5.0
AS Rate - 95% LCL 4.6 5.4 4.7 2.2 4.8
AS Rate - 95% UCL 5.1 7.2 6.9 4.6 5.2
Persons Deaths 4407 520 324 132 5383
Crude Rate 8.0 9.6 10.4 7.1 8.2
AS Rate 8.7 10.4 10.1 8.7 8.9
AS Rate - 95% LCL 8.4 9.5 9.0 7.2 8.7
AS Rate - 95% UCL 8.9 11.3 11.2 10.2 9.1

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item  around the AS Rate Open a glossary item
 
For bladder cancer, there are mortality differences between countries despite there being no such differences in incidence.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2016, ICD-10 C67.

Last reviewed:

Bladder cancer mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older people. In the UK in 2014-2016, on average each year 7 in 10 (70%) deaths were in people aged 75 and over.[1-3] This largely reflects higher incidence and lower survival for bladder cancer in older people.

Age-specific mortality rates rise steeply (more so in males) from around age 55-59. The highest rates are in the 90+ age group for males and females.

Mortality rates are significantly higher in males than females in a number of (mainly older) age groups. The gap is widest at age 90+, when the age-specific mortality rate is 3.6 times higher in males than females.

Bladder Cancer (C67), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014-2016

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item  around the AS Rate Open a glossary item

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2014-2016, ICD-10 C67.

Last reviewed:

Bladder cancer European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item mortality rates for males and females combined decreased by 23% in the UK between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016.[1-3] The decrease was larger in males than in females.

For males, bladder cancer AS mortality rates in the UK decreased by 33% between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016. For females, bladder cancer AS mortality rates in the UK decreased by 14% between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2004-2006 and 2014-2016), bladder cancer AS mortality rates for males and females combined decreased by 6%.[1-3] In males AS mortality rates decreased by 9%, and in females rates decreased by 8%.

Bladder Cancer (C67), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 1971-2016

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends. For example, rising mortality may reflect rising incidence and stable survival, while falling mortality may reflect rising incidence and rising survival.

Bladder cancer mortality rates have decreased overall in most broad adult age groups in males in the UK since the early 1970s, but have remained stable in some.[1-3] Rates in 25-49s have decreased by 66%, in 50-59s have decreased by 70%, in 60-69s have decreased by 63%, in 70-79s have decreased by 48%, and in 80+s have remained stable.

Bladder Cancer (C67), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, By Age, Males, UK, 1971-2016

Bladder cancer mortality rates have decreased overall in some broad adult age groups in females in the UK since the early 1970s, but have increased or remained stable in others.[1-3] Rates in 25-49s have remained stable, in 50-59s have decreased by 46%, in 60-69s have decreased by 41%, in 70-79s have decreased by 27%, and in 80+s have increased by 16%.

Bladder Cancer (C67), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, By Age, Females, UK, 1971-2016

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 1971-2016, ICD-10 C67.

Last reviewed:

Bladder cancer mortality rates are projected to fall by 14% in the UK between 2014 and 2035, to 9 deaths per 100,000 people by 2035.[1] This includes a larger decrease for males than for females.

For males, bladder cancer European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item mortality rates in the UK are projected to fall by 23% between 2014 and 2035, to 14 deaths per 100,000 by 2035.[1] For females, rates are projected to fall by 6% between 2014 and 2035, to 6 deaths per 100,000 by 2035.[1]

Bladder cancer (C67), Observed and Projected Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Sex, UK, 1979-2035

 

It is projected that 7,771 deaths from bladder cancer (5,190 in males, 2,581 in females) will occur in the UK in 2035.

References

  1. Smittenaar CR, Petersen KA, Stewart K, Moitt N. Cancer Incidence and Mortality Projections in the UK Until 2035. Brit J Cancer 2016.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 1979-2014 (observed), 2015-2035 (projected), ICD-10 C67

Projections are based on observed incidence and mortality rates and therefore implicitly include changes in cancer risk factors, diagnosis and treatment. It is not possible to assess the statistical significance of changes between 2014 (observed) and 2035 (projected) figures. Confidence intervals are not calculated for the projected figures. Projections are by their nature uncertain because unexpected events in future could change the trend. It is not sensible to calculate a boundary of uncertainty around these already uncertain point estimates. Changes are described as 'increase' or 'decrease' if there is any difference between the point estimates.

More on projections methodology

Last reviewed:

There is evidence for an association between bladder cancer mortality and deprivation for both males and females in England.[1]  England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised  mortality Open a glossary item rates are 41% higher for males living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived, and 64% higher for females.[1]

Bladder Cancer (C67), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in bladder cancer mortality between people living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011.[1] It has been estimated that there would have been around 520 fewer cancer deaths each year in England during 2007-2011 if all people experienced the same mortality rates as the least deprived.[1]

References

  1. Cancer Research UK and National Cancer Intelligence Network. Cancer by deprivation in England: Incidence, 1996-2010, Mortality, 1997-2011. London: NCIN; 2014.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 2007-2011, ICD-10 C67

Deprivation gradient statistics were calculated using mortality data for 2007-2011. The deprivation quintiles were calculated using the Income domain scores from the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) from the following years: 2004, 2007 and 2010. Full details on the data and methodology can be found in the Cancer by Deprivation in England NCIN report.

Last reviewed:

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