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Stages, types and grades

The stage of oesophageal cancer tells you how big it is and whether it has spread. There are different ways of staging oesophageal cancer. There is the TNM system and the number staging system. This includes 5 stages - stage 0 to stage 4. 

The type tells you which type of cell the cancer started in and where it began. The grade means how abnormal the cells look under the microscope.

About stages and grades

The stage tells you how big your cancer is and whether it has spread. The grade means how abnormal the cells look under the microscope. 

Types

The type of cancer tells you which type of cell the cancer started in and where it began. The main types are squamous cell cancers and adenocarcinomas.

TNM Staging

Tumour, node and metastasis (TNM) is the most common staging system doctors use for oesophageal cancer.

Stage 0 (high grade dysplasia)

Stage 0 or high grade (dysplasia) means there are severely abnormal cells in the inner lining of the oesophagus.

Stage 1

Stage 1 means your cancer is still within the wall of your oesophagus.  

Stage 2

Find out what stage 2 oesophageal cancer means and about treatment options.

Stage 3

Find out what stage 3 oesophageal cancer means and about treatment options.

Stage 4

Find out what stage 4 oesophageal cancer means and about treatment options.

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