Tests for myeloma

At the hospital, you will see a doctor specialising in blood diseases. This doctor is called a haematolgist. They will do more tests to diagnose myeloma. 

Blood tests for myeloma

Blood tests are important tests in helping to diagnose myeloma.

Urine test (Light chain / Bence Jones protein)

Many people with myeloma have Bence Jones protein in their urine. These protein molecules can damage the kidneys as they pass through them from the blood to the urine. 

Bone marrow test to check for myeloma

This test checks for myeloma cells in your bone marrow.


You might have x-rays to help diagnose myeloma. This is might include a skeletal survey. This is a series of x-rays including ones of your skull, spine and long bones.

PET-CT scan

A PET-CT scan combines a CT scan and a PET scan into one to give detailed information about your cancer.

MRI scan

An MRI scan creates pictures using magnetism and radio waves. It is particularly useful for investigating myeloma affecting the bones of the spine, and possibly causing pressure on the spinal cord.

CT scan

A CT scan might give more information about whether and how the myeloma is affecting your bones. You might have one instead of x-rays.

Last reviewed: 
23 Mar 2020
Next review due: 
23 Mar 2023
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