What is myeloma?

Myeloma is a type of cancer that develops from cells in the bone marrow called plasma cells. Bone marrow is the spongy tissue found inside the inner part of some of our large bones.

Symptoms of myeloma

Myeloma does not always cause symptoms in its early stages, and might be picked up on a routine blood test. The main symptoms include bone pain in the back, hips and ribs and tiredness. Find out more.

Risks and causes

We don't know what causes most cases of myeloma but there are some known risk factors. Even if you have one or more risk factors, it does not mean that you will definitely get myeloma. Find out the risk factors for myeloma.

Getting diagnosed

How to get the most out of seeing your GP, what tests you might have, when you should see a specialist and screening.

Types of myeloma

The type of myeloma you have tells you the type of cell that the cancer started in. Knowing this helps your doctor decide which treatment you need.

Stages of myeloma

The stage of your myeloma tells your doctor about how it is affecting you and how it might develop. Doctors use the stage of your myeloma to help them decide on the best treatment for you. 


The main treatments for myeloma include targeted cancer drugs, chemotherapy and steroids.

Living with myeloma

Find out about practical and emotional support for you and our family.

Research and clinical trials

Information on the very latest research and clinical trials. 


Survival depends on many different factors including how advanced the myeloma is when you are diagnosed, your age and your general fitness. 

Last reviewed: 
25 Mar 2020
Next review due: 
25 Mar 2023
Coronavirus and cancer

We know it’s a worrying time for people with cancer, we have information to help.

Read our information about coronavirus and cancer