Passing wind (intestinal gas) is called flatus or flatulence and is normal for everyone. It is not usually a serious problem or a sign that your cancer is getting worse. But it can be embarrassing, worrying and uncomfortable.
On average people pass wind about 15 to 25 times a day. But sometimes illness, what you eat, and stress can increase the amount of wind you pass.
Causes of wind
Sometimes cancer or its treatment causes too much gas in the digestive system, making you pass wind more often than usual. Several things can make wind worse. These include:
- eating certain high fibre foods
- swallowing too much air
- drinking gassy drinks, including beer
- lactose intolerance
- not being able to absorb fat from the intestine
Tips to reduce wind
It isn’t possible to stop flatulence altogether but some things can help to control it.
Try some of the following:
- avoiding foods that make it worse, such as cabbage, corn, brussel sprouts, onions, beans and cauliflower
- eating slowly and chewing your food for longer – to reduce the amount of air you swallow and help to break food down
- activated charcoal tablets or powders - these can also absorb smell
- eating ginger - this is said to help digestion
- drinking peppermint tea
You might also find it better to eat 6 small meals a day, rather than 3 large ones. Smaller meals are easier to digest and may produce less wind.
Some medicines can help to reduce wind. Speak to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist about which one may be best for you.
Some processed foods contain ingredients that can cause wind: for example, sweeteners or preservatives.
You can help to reduce wind by cutting out:
- any foods that contain artificial sweeteners
- sugar free sweets and chewing gum
- fizzy drinks
What to do if you still have wind
Talk to your specialist nurse or doctor if the wind continues. They may be able to prescribe medicines to help. They can also refer you to a dietitian who will be able to recommend other changes you can make to your diet.